Item Synonyms Description
Aarguer Jubilaums Aargauer Jubilaums, Aargauer Jubilaumsapfel, Neuenhoffer, Jubile d'Argovie, Jubilee d'ArgovieLarge greenish apple with distinct ribbing.
Abbondanza BelfortOriginated in Italy near the town of St Piefro Capofiume in Bolonia in 1896.
Abondance French before WWII. Green apple blushed red on the sun-side. Subacid to sweet coarse fruit.
Accordian flesh slightly yellowish, fine grained, juicy, crisp, subacid
Aceymac Resembles McIntosh in taste, appearance, shape, and flesh. Slightly firmer than McIntosh. Aceymac may be Spartan with new name.
A.C. Goldspice
Acklam Russet Originated at Acklam, Yorkshire. Recorded in 1768. Fruits have a firm, greenish-white flesh with a sweet sharp flavor. This variety has very attractive and unusual dark brown russeting with good scab resistance.
Acme Acme apple was raised by W P Seabrook & Sons, Boreham , Essex, UK in 1944 from the seedling of a Worcester Pearmain x Rival possibly pollinated by Cox's Orange Pippin. Quite large, irregular flat-round shaped fruit. Pretty crimson flush and stripes over a smooth yellow skin. Crisp, juicy yellow flesh. Quite rich, fruity flavor. Moderately vigorous tree. Heavy cropping but biennial.
A.C Russet
Adams's Pearmain It was introduced to England in 1826 by Robert Adam, under the name Norfolk Pippin. Yellow streaked with lively red on the sunny side and covered with a delicate brown russet. Flesh rich and sugary. Excellent for a small tree, bearing early, regularly, and profusely on slender shoots, and most amendable to pruning. Ripens Late.
Adanac Medium-sized, yellow-green underecolor with striped red wash. Good dessert quality. The apple name, Adanac, is Canada spelled backwards. Will keep 2-3 months in storage. Early-midseason
Adersleber Kalville
Adina The Adina Apple originated in Australia. It has a sweet white flesh that is very firm. It is best when eaten fresh, but it is still an excellent cooker.
Advance Red over green apple.
Airlie Red Flesh Discovered by William Schulz of Philomath, Oregon who named it Airlie Red Flesh, possibly after the hamlet of Airlie in Oregon (between Corvallis and Independence). The name appears to be have become corrupted and it is now usually known as Aerlies Red Flesh. One of the best red fleshed varities.
Aitiaiskoye Descenthoye
Aivania Bulgarian winter apple. Medium large apple with white sweet flesh. Yellow with red blush on the sunny side. Durable but sensitive to scab. Ripens in late September.
Akane One of the best early-season apples, better known in the USA than Europe, but would appeal to European tastes too. Japan 1937.
Akero An heirloom apple variety from Sweden, quite widely grown in Scandanavia, very handsome fruit.
Alamanc Pound
Alaska Etter Developed and patented by Albert Etter. Large apple with white skin. Seedling of Bedfordshire Foundling.
Alaska Pink Medium size yellow apple with pink flesh.
Albany Beauty A red skinned form of Gravenstein. Synonyms: Red Gravenstein, Roter Gravensteiner, Rosenapfel
Albemarle Pippin A synonym for Newtown Pippin.
Alberta Red
Alderman An English (possibly Scottish) culinary apple, thought to have originated in the 1920s.
Alexander An old and attractive culinary apple, cooks to a puree. introduced to the English market in 1805.
Alexas Crab
Alfred Jolibois A dessert apple from a seedling raised by nurseryman Alfred Jolibois in the Burgundy region (France) during the 1940s. Medium size and round to round-conic. Green base with a dark red blush and some striping with a lilac blush at maturity. The flesh is greenish, firm, fine-grained. Sweet tart, with strawberry and vanilla flavors. Moderately vigorous and produces heavy crops.
Alfriston A large traditional English cooking apple.
Alkmene A very attractive early Cox-style apple, slightly sharper than Cox, sometimes known as Early Windsor. Brandenburg, Germany 1930.
Allegheny Seedling
Allen's Everlasting An old russeted variety from Ireland, and as the name suggests, a good keeper.
Allington Pippin A versatile English apple, with a strong pineapple-like flavour, useful for both cooking and eating.
Allum Allum is thought to have originated in Rockingham County, North Carolina in the 1840’s. Favored for its fine storage qualities. Fruit is medium sized with deep red skin and tender, crisp and juicy white flesh. Flavor is rather tart. Ripens November to December.
Alma Sweet Alma Sweet is a small apple up to 2" in diameter. It gets red blush to streaks when ripe and is a short, donut-shaped apple. It is very sweet when ripe and a little bland. It is great for making apple sauce as it eliminates the need to add sugar and adds body to the sauce, making it creamy and sweet.
Almata Red fleshed apple developed in South Dakota. Medium size fruit, Very cold hardy, Tart but when fully ripe can be eaten out of hand.
Als Mystery
Altaiska Sweet
Altal Mountain
Altlander Pfankuchanapfel A medium-large apple that has a flat to very flat shape and is tart-sweet with a mild eating flavor. It has broken orange-red stripes on a yellow/green background. It cooks to a pulp with no texture on the tongue.
Alton Early McIntosh X NY 845, Red wash over yellow, White, fine-grained flesh bleeding to pink when fully ripe. Pleasant flavor, good for eating or cooking. Not a keeper. Early ripening
Amberoso Small, tart crab apple hybrid with a full spicy flavor. It has a fine, breaking, yet tender texture. Ripens in Early October.
Ambrosia A sweet modern apple variety from western Canada, quite similar to Golden Delicious. Discovered as a chance seedling in an orchard in British Columbia.
Amelia Amelia’s Apple is a yellow skin variety that provides an alternative to Golden Delicious for color in the fruit bowl. It is distinguished from its more common cousin by its distinctive heart-shape and a smooth, vibrant, lemony-yellow peel. It also has different eating qualities with yellowish-white flesh which is quite dense and crunchy. There is a good level of juice, a pleasing balance of sweetness to acid and an attractive mild flavor.
Amere Berthecourt A popular French bittersweet cider apple. Bears good crops of greenish-yellow fruit with a pink blush.
Amere De Bellevue A French bittersweet cider apple.
Amere Forestier French Douce Amere (Sweet Bitter) cider apple cultivar.
American Beauty Arose in Sterling, Massachusetts around the 1850’s, but the exact date of origin is unknown. It is a large, dark-red apple, sweet and aromatic with slightly chewy flesh. The flavor has often been described as vinous. It is regarded as a high-quality fruit and is a very productive, annual apple. Ripens late September to October.
American Forestier French bittersweet cider apple. Small, round conic. Green base colour over which is a dense pattern of red striping covering the sun exposed face.
American Golden Russet This apple originated in New Jersey in the late 1700s. Its skin is a rusty-coated, golden color sometimes described as bronze. The fruit is excellent for fresh eating, drying, and especially for making cider. Fruit size is medium or below. It is well known for its sugary juice. Flesh is yellow, crisp, aromatic, and subacid. Ripens from September through October.
American Mother A synonym for Mother.
American Pippin Also known as Grindstone. Discovered in England; 1872 introduction. Best known for its use in cider, this one is almost as well suited to being a cooker and is a passable fresh-eating apple in a pinch. Firm and juicy, with a mild flavor. Medium-sized green-yellow apple with red stripes. Generallly harvested in August.
American Summer Pearmain An excellent early eating apple, also good for cooking. Medium size, yellow-green fruit is flushed and streaked red to purple red. Sweet, very juicy flesh. Dating to the early 1800s or earlier.
Amur Naliv Small to medium, round to round flattened with distinctly angular sides. The base color is green, washed over most of the apple, excepting the shaded face as well as around the stem cavity. The stem is very short and somewhat slender, set in a fairly wide, funnel shaped cavity. The eye is small and closed, set in a shallow and wide basin. The flesh is greenish, fine-grained and firm.
Amzr Gauthier French bittersweet cider apple from the 1940s. Highly astringent.
Ananas Berzeniki Found as a wild seedling in the Vilnius region of eastern Lithuania, in the early 1900s by Dr. Adam Hrebnicki. Large tending to very large, round conic, faintly ribbed. The base color is greenish yellow maturing to yellow with a faint orange blush on the sun exposed face. Red lenticels. The flesh is pale yellowish, firm. Juicy with a good, sweet-tart balance with a wine flavor.
Ananas Reinette First noted in France in the 1500s. An attractive small yellow apple, with a pineapple-like flavour. Popular in northern Europe.
Ananas Rouge Small to medium size, round conic, often lopsided. The base colour is gold yellow which is washed more than 50 per cent with a rich red on sun exposed surfaces and flushes of pale red streaked across shaded areas. There are scattered light coloured lenticels visible against the red. Flesh is yellowish white, stained pink under the skin. Fine grained, firm. Sweet, lightly tart with a pronounced pineapple flavour which matures to strawberry in storage.
Anaros An open pollinated-seedling of Antonovka developed at Agriculture Canada's Dominion Experimental Farm in Rosthern, Saskatchewan. A good choice of crabapple for jelly and juice.
Anis Aliy K32 Originated in the Volga region of the former Soviet Union. Small to medium size, round flattened, often with distinctly angular sides. The flesh is tinged pale green. Juicy and sweet-tart.
Anisim Originated in Russia. The flesh is lightly greenish. Fine-grained. Juicy and lightly sweet tart. Small to medium size. Round to round conic. The base color is greenish yellow, washed dark red. Usually develops a heavy, blue bloom on the surface when nearing maturity. Small white lenticels.
Anna A very early season Golden Delicious style apple variety from Israel, noted for its very low chill requirement of less than 300 hours.
Annie Elizabeth A popular English culinary apple, which keeps its shape when cooked.
Ann Trio Small, round crabapples about the size of a cherry. Base colour is orange over which is washed bright red. Takes on a white bloom at maturity. The flesh is yellow. Acidic.
Anoka Mercer X Duchess, red-yellow, Bears at a young age. Good for culinary use. Early-midseason
Antonovka A popular small green culinary apple variety from Russia. Also of importance as a rootstock because of its ability to tolerate extreme cold. 1826 Russia.
Antonovka 1.5 pounds Large, almost white skinned fruit. Very crisp, juicy refreshing white flesh. Name was chosen to conjure up the image of cool, white majesty. An Albert Etter named seedling.
Antonovka Kamenichka A culinary apple from the Ukraine, possibly a more colored form of Antonovka.
Antonovka Mitchurin
Antonovka Ottawa
Antonovka Shafran Antonovka X Reinette D’ Orleans cross made to improve storage in 1902.
Antonovka Zheltaia
Apfel Aus Grunheide Translates to Green Heather Apple. A very juicy variety with a balanced ratio of sugar and acid. The fruits can reach a considerable size and weigh 450 to 600 grams. The tree is alternating, but bears plenty every two years. As a trellis tree, it can be placed very well on house walls and walls.
Api A synonym for Lady Apple.
Api Etoile Very unusual oblate (flattened) shape looking like a rounded star from the end. A little larger than the Lady apple. Excellent flavor - aromatic with sufficient acid and a sweet fruity taste.
Api Rose
Apple Babe
Apricot An unusual and little-known apple variety noted for its apricot-like flavor.
Ard Cairn Russet An old apple variety from Ireland, with a flavor reminiscent of bananas.
Ariane A modern French dessert apple variety, with built-in resistance to scab. Ariane is an attractive red/yellow colour and has a pleasant mild apple flavour.
Arkansas Black A very disease resistant, long-keeping tart apple from Arkansas prior to 1886. Goes almost black in storage.
Arkansas Black Spur Arkansas Black Spur is a more compact form of Arkansas Black apple. In spur growth the buds of the branches are closer together. The result is more flowering and leafing in a shorter distance.
Arkansas Sweet In 1905, Henry Grabin of Scott County, Arkansas sent the first samples of Arkansas Sweet to the USDA, thus bringing this fine apple to the public’s attention. It was believed to be a lost variety until 1993 when we discovered it still being grown by John Kenyon of Lacon, Illinois. Fruit is medium-sized with yellow skin overlaid with crimson and darker red stripes. The whitish flesh is crisp, sweet, and crunchy. Ripens early winter and is a fair keeper.
Arkcharm Raised at the University of Arkansas, USA and received by the National Fruit Collection, Brogdale in 1997. Fruits have juicy, soft flesh with a fairly pleasant flavor.
Arlet Arlet is a modern Golden Delicious-style apple, developed in Switzerland. It was patented in 1989, but the original cross between Golden Delicious (seed parent) and Idared was carried out in the 1950s. In appearance it more closely resembles Idared, with a yellow skin color overlaid with large areas of red. The flavor is pleasant and juicy, reasonably well balanced between sharp and sweet, but essentially mild.
Arlington Pippin An attractive yellow/green apple with some red/orange flush. Shares its name with an old Gloucestershire (UK) pear variety.
Aroma A modern apple from Sweden, developed during the 1950s.
Aromat De Vara
Aromatic Russet A high quality russet-style variety, sharper than Egremont Russet, with a rich flavour and occasionally a hint of lemon.
Arthur Turner A well-known early season culinary apple. Cooks to a sweet puree. Grows easily in most situations.
Arthur W Barnes An attractive and popular mid-season culinary apple, very versatile in the kitchen, cooks to a puree.
Ashford Striped
Ashmead's Kernel A very old apple variety, with a drab appearance which belies a unique peardrop flavour. Ashmead's Kernel is also one of very small number of English apple varieties that also thrives in North America.
Ashton Brown Jersey Ashton Brown Jersey is a relatively young cider apple variety grown at the National Fruit and Cider Institute, Long Ashton, Bristol in 1903. It’s a cider apple with hard tannins producing full-bodied medium bittersweet cider. Ashton Brown Jersey is not often found as a single variety, it’s rather used as part of a blend.
Astrachan Crab Red Astrachan open pollinated, Small, flavorful fruit. Abundance of white flowers. Early season
Astrachan Red Russian,
Astrachan Striped
Astrachan White Medium fruit size, skin whitish-green. Fine, tender, very white flesh that is sweet, subacid, perfumed. Good crisp very early apple.
Astraken Rouge Originated from Russia in the early 1800s. Fruits have firm, crisp, fairly juicy flesh with a sweet and fair flavor.
Atalanta’s Gold This little golden apple combines robust and delicate elements to provide a distinctive and pleasurable eating experience. The impeccable texture of the juicy flesh enhances the lively flavor that displays a hint of citrus. Atalanta's Gold ripens in October; because of its tender skin it should be handled with finesse.
Atha Originated in Alabama around 1915. Open pollenated seedling of Red Astrachan. Similar to Yellow Transparent but ripens 6 weeks later and is firmer.
Atlas Ottawa, Canada 1898. Winter St Lawrence X Duchess, red, Tender skin, good for cooking and eating. White flesh against dark red skin. Keeps well. Tree a strong grower and productive. Midseason
August Beauty
August Queen
Aunt Cora's Field Apple Aunt Cora died in the 1970s at age ninety-seven after a lifetime as a well-known African American midwife in Bath County, Birginia. Her father grew these trees from seed while enslaved to a very cruel master in Bath County. Fruit is small, roundish to slightly oblate, greenish yellow with dark red stripes and spots of russet. Flesh is whitish, moderately juicy with a nutty flavor. Subacit to almos sweet. Ripens in October and is a good keeper
Aunt Cora's Yard Apple Aunt Cora died in the 1970s at age ninety-seven after a lifetime as a well-known African American midwife in Bath County, Birginia. Her father grew these trees from seed while enslaved to a very cruel master in Bath County. Fruit is large and yellow with a blush.
Aunt Rachel Originated as local apple in Chatham County, North Carolina. One of the best early season apples. Apple expert Lee Calhoun has helped to spread this little-known apple across North Carolina. The tree is disease resistant, a fast grower, and its limb structure is such that pruning is made much easier. The tree begins to fruit early, producing excellent apples of medium to large size. The apples are red with darker stripes, covered with prominent light dots and Very attractive. The flesh is white, firm, mildly tart, and juicy with very fine flavor. It is good for eating and cooking. It ripens over a period of several weeks in late July and early August.
Aunt Sally Fruit medium to large; skin pale yellow with gray specks; flesh tender, subacid. Ripe September-October. Originated in North Carolina around 1875.
Auralia Possible seedling of Cox's Orange Pippin which originated in Germany around 1930. Small to medium size, round to round flattened. Yellow, blushed orange on the sun exposed face. Thin skin marked with scattered, small russet lenticels. The flesh is white, fine grained and crisp. Very juicy and sweet. Intense, rich flavors. Bruises easily.
Autumn Arctic Arctic X Northern Spy, red-yellow striped, Good tasting, productive, scab resistant. Midseason Very good dessert fruit with a nice flavor balance, some banana essence, tropical and pineapple. Medium-large deeply ribbed blocky green fruit usually with a red blush, russet netting, and a deep cavity. Crowned with those “Red Delicious” bumps around the blossom end.
Autumn Gold Bright red blush over yellow-green. Keeps better than Golden Delicious.
Autumn Pearmain Originated in England and known to have been in existence in the late 1500s. The trees at Brogdale are indistinguishable from Herefordshire Pearmain. A dessert apple of quite reasonable quality as a garden variety. Fruit has a pleasant, slightly aromatic flavour.
Autumn Strawberry Originated around 1848 in Aurora, New York, and was quite popular and widely sold by many southern nurseries. It is a most attractive apple and considered one of the best dessert apples available. It is very well suited for the home orchard as it tends to ripen over a period of several weeks. It is a vigorous, healthy, and long-lived tree producing moderate to heavy yields biennially or nearly annually. Fruit is medium or larger and often strongly ribbed. The skin is pale yellow nearly covered with pinkish-red and purplish-carmine striping. The yellowish-white flesh is fine-grained, crisp, tender, and juicy. Ripens September to October.
Auvil Early Fuji Auvil Early Fuji was discovered by the late world famous, Washington state apple grower, Grady Auvil. Auvil Early Fuji has all the attributes of regular fuji, but harvests 5-6 WEEKS earlier, usually by mid-September.
Averarius Green-yellow with red striping, Medium size, repens very early, before Yellow Transparent. Flesh white, sweet juicy. Vigorous grower.
A.W. Barnes Raised in 1902 at Eaton Gardens, Chester, by N.F. Barnes, head gardener to the Duke of Westminster. Named after his son, Arthur, who was a Captain in the 9th Battalion of the Cheshire Regiment and was killed in combat. The flesh is greenish, fine?grained and crisp. Very juicy and tart.
Back Steifapfel
Badami Golden Delicious Same shape, size and colour as the Golden Delicious, but little or no russet in or around the stem. Occasionally more of a reddish blush than the Golden Delicious. In addition, it tends to show a bit more of a conic shape at times.
Baddow Pippin A synonym for D'Arcy Spice.
Bailey Sweet Distinctly sweet and of very good quality, but not a very good keeper. Skin tender, clear bright yellow largely covered with deep red. Flesh tinged with yellow, firm, moderately juicy, decidedly sweet.
Bakers Delicous Bakers Delicious is an apple with a misleading name as it is an eater and not a baker. Named after Baker's Nursery of Codsall, Wolverhampton who first introduced the apple in 1932. Handsome, large round-conical fruit. Bright orange flush over gold skin.
Baker Sweet The flesh is yellowish, firm. Juicy, sweet with good flavor. Synonyms: Late Golden Sweet, Longstem Sweet, Winter Golden Sweet
Bald Mountain Bald Mountain originated as a seedling on Warrior Bald Mountain in Macon County, North Carolina when George Crawford, one of the first settlers in the area, found the wild tree already growing there. Fruit is medium-sized, roundish to almost conical in shape. It has light green skin with irregular broken stripes of dark red on the sunny side. The greenish-yellow flesh is juicy fine-grained with a pleasant sub-acid flavor. Ripens in the winter in the mountains, October in warmer areas and is a good keeper.
Baldwin A very popular old American apple variety, widely grown for culinary use, and a good keeper. 1740 Willmington, Massachusetts.
Ballarat Seedling Large, green with red blush. Coarse, hard flesh. Subacid. Winter keeper, keeping several months without refrigeration. Excellent cooking apple.
Balls Choice English cider apple. Self-sterile.
Ballyfatten An Irish heritage variety first noted in 1802, the culinary Apple Ballyfatten is from the village of that name in Co. Tyrone, and was long popular in Northern Ireland. The fruit is large and round, green with a strong red flush; the flesh is firm, white, dry and slightly acid, cooking to a smooth purée, and an excellent baker. The fruit sweetens in storage, and can then be eaten raw. Apple Ballyfatten is resistant to scab, so it's a good choice for damp areas.
Balsam A synonym for Green Balsam.
Baltimore Synonym for Mère de Ménage
Baltimore Pound highly praised by the locals who told me where to find this apple in the south edge of Wilkes Co., NC at a deserted home place; very large, greenish yellow, juicy, for cooking or fresh eating, ripe September.
Banana Dodd Arose in a pasture lane, over the fence from a Tolman Sweet orchard owned by Howard Dodds of Heuvelton, New York, USA. Fruits have a fine subacid flavour with a banana-like aroma.
Banana Pippin A strikingly beautiful apple, large to very large, yellow with streaks of red, conical, a softer apple for baking or fresh eating, ripe September in Watauga Co., NC.
Banana Summer
Banane Amere Extreme Douce Amere (Sweet Bitter) apple discovered by award-winning cider maker Claude Jolicoeur on his property. Should make up no more than 15-20% of a cider blend. Very vigorous and cold hardy.
Bancroft Developed in the 1930s, Quality fair when ripe, improves with storage. Exceptionally good keeper. Ripens in November
Banks Synonym for Gravenstein
Banner Yellow a beautiful, very large yellow apple, slightly pointed, good tasting, and ripe in September.
Baptist (Claygate Permain) Green skin with splashes of red on one side. Russet on the bottom half and a little near the top. Long and very stout stem. Crisp and very sweet. Juice runs down your chin when you bite into it, Excellent! Ripens October 28. Found at the Babtist Bible College, formerly the TB Hospital, in Salem, OR. The students used these apples to make apple cider for Halloween. After a misguided pruning to this old tree in 1990, it wasn’t bearing and was cut down about three years later. The tree was later identified as Claygate Permain
Bardsey Discovered growing on an island off the coast of North Wales, and considered very disease-resistant.
Barkers Liner
Barkley Rome Large, green with red stripes. A good semi-acid eating apple that keeps its shape for baking.
Barnack Beauty Originated from the village of Barnack, Cambridgeshire, UK c1840. Introduced by W & J Brown of Stamford c1870. Received the RHS Award of Merit in 1899 and a First Class Certificate in 1909. Medium sized, round to oval fruit. Bright orange-red flush and stripes over yellow skin. Some russet patches. Juicy and very crunchy yellow flesh. Quite sharp refreshing taste. Good keeper. Useful as a cooking apple as well as a dessert apple. Very spreading, hardy, tip bearing tree. Heavy cropper but with a tendency to produce small fruit. Ornamental tree with attractive blossom and colourful fruit. Does well on chalky soils.
Baron Wolseley Synonym for Dewdney's Seedling
Barry Medium to large fruit with an intense solid dark red skin. Lasts 3 months in storage.
Basakirian Beauty
Bascombe Mystery An old English variety of unknown origin first recorded in 1831. Medium sized, round fruit with green skin. Dull in appearance. Crisp flesh with a strong sweet-sharp flavor.
Bates Lobo A bud mutation of Lobo developed by Willard Bates at Stevensville, Pennsylvania (U.S.A.) in the 1950s.
Battleford This apple variety originated in North Battleford in 1945. A very hardy large yellow apple splashed with red, ideal for cooking; the perfect combination of accent and fruit tree, ideal for home landscapes; eating apples. Ornamental Features: White flowers with shell pink overtones.
Baujade A French bred Granny Smith-type without the thick skin of a Granny Smith apple. Ripening late season. Medium size, sweet and aromatic. Well suited to warmer areas. Disease resistant to perfect for organic growing. Spur bearing.
Baumann's Reinette The flesh is faintly yellowish, very firm, coarse grained and crunchy. Very juicy, sweet-tart with a distinctive flavour of strawberries. Can be bland when not ripened fully.
Baxters Permain A vigorous tree which was grown in Norfolk as early as 1821. Greenish yellow fruit, with orange tinges, red streaks and occasional russeting. The crisp fruit is dual purpose, with white, juicy, tangy flesh, richly flavoured, and which keeps its shape when cooked. A heavy and regular cropper. The fruit stores well, to January or February. Pollination Group 5
Baya Marisa A modern red-fleshed apple variety with a good flavour, developed in Germany, and also known as Tickled Pink.
Beachamwell Also called Beachamwell Seedling and, originally, Motteux’s Seedling. Mr Motteux of Beachamwell, in Norfolk, raised it, probably in the middle of the 18th century, according to Bunyard. The fruit is small with a dark green skin, ripening to pale yellow, tinged red on the sunny side, with occasional russet. The yellow flesh is juicy and Hogg calls it “a rich and deliciously flavoured dessert apple, of the highest excellence”. Bunyard, in 1920, reported that it was almost out of cultivation, though old trees can still be found locally. Ripe by November and lasting to April, it is a hardy, good bearer. It can be rather variable in appearance and the amount of russet. Pollination Group 4
Beacon Large, red apple with soft, sweet flesh. Good apple for eating fresh or cooking. Ripens in September. Noted for its cold hardiness.
Beautiful Arcade One of the few apples that can be grown true from seed most of the time, though not dependably. Notes: The variety produces excellent, cold-hardy root stock which dwarfs to 65% of natural size. It is also valuable as a pollinator for other apple trees.
Beauty of Bath A popular English garden apple from the Victorian era, one of the first to ripen.
Beauty of Hampshire An attractive 19th century dessert apple, possibly related to Blenheim Orange
Beauty of Hants Beauty of Hants apple was raised probably from a Blenheim Orange seedling at Basset, Southampton, UK before 1850. Very similar to a Blenheim Orange.
Beauty of Kent Unknown origin but presumed to have arisen in Kent, UK. First recorded 1790. Received RHS Award of Merit 1901. Grown in Victorian England. Large, round-conical fruit. Bright red flush and stripes over greenish yellow skin. The sharp, juicy, flesh cooks to a pale creamy yellow puree requiring little added sugar. Acidity fades in storage making it suitable for use as a dessert apple by December. Moderately vigorous tree. Good, precocious cropper.
Beauty of The World Large, round and very slightly pointed, blushed and striped with an attractive red, juicy and slightly tart. Oct.
Beckley Red (Bew) Owned by Mr and Mrs Freddie Bew, their tree was substantially old when they arrived half a century ago. The medium sized apple is unusually oval, with flattened ends, regular and smooth, heavily covered with glossy dark crimson and with the hint of darker stripes, over a pale yellow skin. It is sometimes ripe in September but is best left to mature completely on the tree. It keeps to the end of the year. The flesh is very white, firm, with a good balance between sweetness and sharpness. When cooked it does not immediately respond to traditional uses, and may have been one of those used for drying. The flavour is tangy and aromatic. A very striking apple. Pollination Group 3
Beckley Red (Holcroft) Owned by John and Judy Holcroft, the tree looks a good century old. It is an early season apple, not keeping beyond September, medium sized, flat, round and almost all covered with deep glossy red, over a green skin. It is crisp, sweet and with a rich flavour. The flesh is often streaked and flushed with carmine. Very free spurring and good for restricted forms. Pollination Group 4
Bedan A popular Normandy bitter sweet cider apple in use since the Middle Ages. Can be used for a single varietal cider or blended.
Bedan des Parts Bedan des Parts is a traditional French hard-cider variety, widely-grown in the cider-producing region of Normandy. It produces a good quality bittersweet juice, usually blended with other varieties. The apples are typically harvested towards the end of November, when the skin has turned from yellow-green to golden-orange.
Bedford Small crabapple, round flattened. The base colour is tan over which is a red wash, dark red on the sun exposed faces, pale on the shaded face. The stem is long and slender, set in a shallow, funnel shaped, lightly russetted cavity. The calyx is small and closed, set in a very shallow basin. A light bloom on the skin. Developed by Experimental Farm in Brandon, Manitoba (Canada). Fruited first time in 1916.
Bedford Pippin A cross between ‘King of the Pippins’ and ‘Ribston Pippin’ from the Laxton Bros. Nursery in England around 1913. Medium, conical fruits are yellow with a dark red blush and darker red stripes. The flesh is firm, crisp, and flavorful with spicy notes. Good for fresh eating and cooking; slow to brown when cut. The trees are medium spreading growers. The fruit ripens in Sept to Oct in Zone 4.
Bedfordshire Foundling First recorded in Bedfordshire around 1800. A large flat-round yellow apple sometimes with a dull orange flush. Some russet patches. Coarse, firm acidic flesh. Keeps shape well when cooked.
Beeley Pippin A relatively unknown English 19th century dessert apple.
Beforest Canada Seedling of Forest. The flesh is white, firm crunchy. Juicy, sweet, winey and spiced.
Belle De Boskoop Belle de Boskoop is an apple cultivar which originated in Boskoop, Netherlands, where it began as a chance seedling in 1856. Variants include Boskoop red, yellow and green. This rustic apple is firm, tart and fragrant. Greenish-gray tinged with red, the apple stands up well to cooking.
Belle De Pontoise A seedling from an open pollinated Alexander, raised by R my Senior, a professional gardner at Pontoise (France) in 1869. First made public in the 1879 edition of the Soci t Centrale d’Horticulture de France. The flesh is white, tender, fine grained, juicy and sweet tart ranging to tart depending on the growning conditions.
Belle Et Bonne This is a highly regarded heritage cooking apple. Keeps well for about four months in cold storage. This apple has been around for several hundred years and we find mention of it by pharmacist and naturalist John Parkingson in 1629 as well as by naturalist John Worlildge in 1676. However, it virtually disappeared for some time until an old tree was discovered growing in a garden near Norwich (UK) by botanist John Lindley who mentions it in his writings in 1831 Check for origins in France. Medium tending to large, conical and quite narrow at the crown. The skin is smooth and thick, pale greenish yellow with reddish streaks on the sun exposed face and patches of russet. The stemk is short, slender and set against a fleshy lip.
Belle Fille Normande French cider apple but also used for making a fragrant, lemon yellow sauce and it keeps its shape for making pies and tarts. Large to very large and long conic, often lopsided. The skin is green, maturing to yellow and washed with red on the sun exposed face. Marked with large reddish lenticels. The stem is medium long and medium thick, set in a deep and narrow cavity which is surrounded with a patch of russet. The eye is closed or partly closed and medium size, set in a basin that varies considerably from apple to apple.
Belle Fleur De Krasnyi Developed in 1914 by Russia's notable horticulturalist Ivan V. Michurin in Michurinsk, Russia. Bellefleur Kitika crossed with pollen from Yakhontovoye ( Antonovka x Niedzwetzkyana ). The flesh is white with pink stains next to the skin and often around the core. Firm and somewhat dry. Sweet and aromatic.
Bellefleur Double Large, smooth cooking and eating apple with red blush, sweet and sour.
Bellefleur Kitaika Bellefleur-Kitika apple was raised in 1908 from Yellow Bellefleur x Kitaika (Malus prunifolia) by I V Michurin at Michurinsk, Russia as part of his breeding programme to raise hardy varieties suitable for the harsh Russian climate. Large, pink flushed fruit. Soft, sweet flesh. Heavy cropper.
Bellefleur Large Mouche A cooking apple which makes a fragrant, brisk sauce.
Bellefleur Rekord Developed in western Russia during the early 1900s by Ivan Michurin by crossing Bellefleur Kitika with pollen from Jahon. Large, round. Green base colour is almost completely washed red. Frequently with surface cracks. The flesh is firm, red under the skin and white at the core. Slightly astringent. Browns quickly when exposed to air.
Bellefleur Rouge Medium to large size. Yellow base colour washed red with darker red striping. The flesh is yellowish, firm. Juicy and sweet.
Belle Norman Cider apple.
Belmac Very good flavored Mac-type. Ripens early October. Very disease resistant cultivar developed in Quebec- scab immune, mildew resistant. Very productive. Deep red fruit with sweet, crisp flesh, stores well in refrigeration. Mid-season bloom.
Belmont Belmont is an outstanding apple which might remind you of Cox’s Orange Pippin with its high quality flavor. This attractive apple originated in the garden of a Mrs. Beam of Lancaster County, Pennsylvania and was eventually moved to Belmont County, Ohio, where it gained a well-deserved popularity. The fruit is medium to large in size, mostly round in shape. The skin is thick, smooth and waxen with a clear yellow background with a slight reddish-orange blush. The creamy yellow flesh is crisp, tender, juicy and subacid in flavor. Ripens late September to early October.
Ben Davis Once a commercial variety in US. Large, attractive fruit. Bright red over yellow. Firm, coarse flesh. Not particularly flavorful. Winter keeper.
Ben Davis Black Crisp, rich tangy mild sweet flavor. Stores well. Considered better eating apple than the Ben Davis.
Benham Tennessee late 1800s. medium to large, slightly flattened, light yellow (sometimes with a slight amount of red), a softer juicy apple, ripe July to early August.
Beni No Mai Red stripe, rather small. Open pollinated Fuji, Japan, T. Murakami, in 1989. Released in 1993.
Benoni An early season variety originating in Dedham, Massachusetts around 1832. A high-quality dessert apple with smooth yellowish-orange skin mostly covered with bright red and deep carmine striping. The yellow flesh is fine-grained, crisp and juicy.
Bentley Sweet Although mentioned in nursery catalogs in 1845, the exact origin of Bentley’s Sweet is unknown, but probably arose in Virginia in the early part of the 19th century. It is known as an intensely sweet apple with extremely long-keeping qualities. Skin is greenish-yellow with stripes and splashes of light and dark red. The yellowish-white flesh is fine-grained, crisp, firm, juicy, and very sweet. Ripens late fall to early winter and keeps until April or May.
Benwells Large
Berkeley Pippin Presumed originating at Berkeley, Gloucestershire, and known at the start of the 20th century, when considered a cider variety. Though it tends to have a little tannin, in the flesh, it is actually a good dessert apple, medium sized, flattened round, often conical and irregular. It is often quite late to ripen fully, late in October, and carries a heavy bloom over a prettily striped apple,. The flesh is sweet, crisp and juicy. The apples are better in November and can be stored to the year end, though becoming drier.
Berner Rosen A popular Swiss apple variety, although not well-known elsewhere
Bessemianka Michurina Cider apple.
Bess Pool Late keeping eating apple. Flesh rather dry with sweet pleasant flavor.
Bethel Red, striped, An excellent keeper with crisp, firm, yellowish flesh. Late ripening
Betsy Deaton Large, round, beautifully colored with red, delightful slightly tart taste, ripe late September. A great local apple found in Yancey and Mitchell Counties, NC.
Bevan's Favorite First described in 1859, this apple is prized for its early ripening period, good flavor, and beauty. The tree is vigorous and productive. The fruit’s size is medium, its skin yellow with many red stripes and possibly a red blush on the side facing the sun. The flesh is juicy, crisp, and fine-grained. The apples ripen in early to mid July.
Beverley Pippin A very rare English apple from the town of Beverley in East Yorkshire, can be seen at the Beverley Millenium Orchard.
Beverly Hills Pale, greenish-yellow skin with an orangish red flush and streaked dark red, russet dotes. Slightly tart flavor.
Bietigheimer Red A very old, very large and colorful apple of German origin. Bietigheimer was first described in Europe in 1598, where it was known as Roter Stettiner. It was brought into this country in the 1880’s. Because of its large size and coarse tough flesh, it is considered a cooking apple. Roundish to slightly conical in shape, with pale yellow skin overlaid with dark and light red striping. Ripens August to September, and not a good keeper.
Billie Bound Sweet, pleasant, lightly russeted apple of medium size to small.
Bills Red Flesh One of the most striking examples of a red-fleshed apple variety. The red tendency dominates this apple, with not only the skin and flesh but also the leaves, wood, and blossoms all having a very pronounced red stain to them. This apple also goes by the trademarked names Firecracker and Scarlet Surprise.
Billy Bound A sweet, pleasant, lightly russeted apple of medium size to small. The fruit is blocky shape, uniform and scab free. The tree is large and spreading with a biennial bearing habit. Ripens in October
Bilodeau Bittersharp Cider Apple from Canada. Bilodeau is a mystery crab-apple, promoted by Claude Jolicoeur, that’s good in cider due to its high sugar and high acid. Back in the 1980s, a nursery mis-labelled a tree and a person named Bilodeau grew this crab-apple without knowing what variety it was.
Binet Blanc Cider apple. Small to medium, round to round conic, sometimes flattened. Golden yellow base colour, sometimes blushed pink on the sun exposed face.The eye is tightly closed, set in a large and moderately deep basin.The stem is very short and stout, set in a wide, moderately deep, russeted cavity.
Binet Rouge Binet Rouge is a traditional small French hard cider apple. It is one of the varieties authorised for use in the production of cider classified in the "appellation d'origine controlee" of the Pays Auge, in the region of Normandy. It is not the easiest of varieties to grow, but it produces a very high quality bittersweet juice.
Binet Violet Used almost exclusively for cider. One of a number highly prized, French cider varietals. Bittersweet.
Bisbee Giant Winesap Found near Hood River, Oregon (U.S.A.) by Roy Bisbee in 1963, possibly a seedling of Winesap. Round conic with angular faces. The base colour is green, over which is a deep red wash. A slight bloom develops on the skin as the fruit ripens. The stem is medium long and medium stout, set in a deep and narrow, russetted cavity. The flesh is greenish white, medium-grained, firm. Browns quickly on exposure to air.
Bishops Pippin Delicious crisp, tender, juicy, aromatic light lemon- yellow fruit is excellent for fresh eating, pie or sauce. Vigorous tree is productive of medium to large fruit that ripens late and keeps well. Widely planted throughout northern CA by the early settlers, it originated in Burlington, NJ sometime before 1806.
Bismarck Bismarck apple is an old Tasmanian variety that can be grown to exhibition standard. Sharp and juicy cooking to very well flavoured golden, yellow puree.
Black Amish A wonderful apple and quite stunning in appearance. A very dependable annual bearer of dark red apples which hang well on the tree. Fruit is large to very large with varying shades of red and deep maroon depending on the amount of sun exposure. The yellowish flesh is crisp, fine-grained and very juicy with a refreshing tangy-sweet flavor. Ripens September to October.
Black Beauty very large to very large, black/red, somewhat conical, and tart, for general purpose use, ripe late September
Black Crofton Developed in the 1940s in the Huon Valley of Tasmania (Australia). Medium size, round. Base colour is greenish yellow over which is a bright red wash. Fine russetting. Sharp cider apple.
Black Gilliflower Very uniform in shape and size. Large, oblong, conical ribbed fruit. Dark red deepening to almost black. Greenish white flesh. Rich, mild, sweet flavor and distinctive aroma. Hangs long on the tree but must not be allowed to over ripen as flesh soon becomes dry. Connecticut 1700s or American 1841
Black Jack Fruit is completely dark red and flattened. Very hard; can often be found on the ground in March in perfect condition, Sweet apple that keeps though the winter and spring.
Blackjon A brighter red than Jonathan.
Black Oxford Maine, early 1800s. Very dark red to nearly black, Great for eating, cooking, cider and drying. Very hard when picked; at its best after a couple of months in storage. Tends toward bienniel bearing. Late ripening
Black Prince This early to middle season dessert apple is deep red, with the red colouring extending, in patches, deep into the flesh of the apple. It is sweet and pleasant, but the flavor and texture do not last.
Blacktwig Fruit large to medium with green to yellow skin, flushed red. Flesh yellow, very firm. The ultimate in a tart apple. Tannic juice adds kick to sweet or hard cider.
Blahova Ruzena A cross of American Mother and James Grieve. Developed in 1945 by V. Blaha in Libovice, North Bohemia, (Czech Republic). Tested in 1960. Juicy and sweet, fruity and mildly aromatic.
Blairmont Sweet with a fruity flavor and moderately firm non-breaking texture. Short storage life. Released by Jim Thompson, USDA, Byron, Georgia. Circa 1982. Ripens in mid-August.
Blanc Mollet Blanc Mollet is astringently bittersweet, and makes a great cider even when blended with more commercially available apples like Johnathan, Granny, Jonagold, or Delicious. Growing along wide branch angles over a long harvest period, Blanc Mollet’s are fun to grow and yield in abundance.
Blaze Raised as a seedling in 1939 at the University of Illinois, Blaze is a mid-season fresh-eating apple that makes up for its low profile by delivering good flavour and an attractive appearance. Relatively unknown, perhaps, but it’s got a lot going for it, including that nice flavor, good looks and reasonable keeping ability. Parents are Collins and Fanny.
Blenheim Orange An 18th century English dual-purpose apple which remains very popular as a garden variety. England 1740.
Bloody Ploughman A blood red apple from Scotland with a mild but sweet flavour.
Blue Pearmain An heirloom American apple variety, commonly found in New York state. Named for the blue-colored bloom. Mild and aromatic, with firm, dense flesh. Will keep all winter. Late ripening
Blue Ridge King Discovered in Virginia during the mid-1990s, this variety scores highly in both looks and taste. Fruit is attractive with glossy red skin overlaid with darker red striping. Flesh is fine grained, juicy, and mildly sweet. King Luscious stores well in refrigeration, and known for excellent pie making.
Blushing Golden Fruit is yellow with up to 50% of the fruit surface covered with a dirty orange-pink blush. Waxy yellow skin is rough, bruise resistant and will not shrivel even in storage. Flesh is yellowish white with a subacid flavor and a fermented aftertaste. Shape is conic and fruits weigh 0.35 to 0.4 pounds. A full rich flavor that develops in storage.
Blush June A synonym for Red June.
Blush Pippin Medium to large, slightly elongated, lemon yellow with a bright pink blush, firm, tart, prominent dots on skin, ripe October. A more attractive version of the Yellow Pippin.
Blush Rosette An Albert Etter apple. Part of the Rosetta collection. Ripens in September. The flavor is robust and complex. high in sugar, acids and memorable aromatics.
Bob White (Crab)
Bodil Neergaard The variety is found approx. 1850 in a field fence at Flintinge on Lolland. Named after the lady at the nearby manor "Fuglsang". The tree forms a large domed crown with something hanging growth. The fruit is medium-sized with high truncated cone shape. The base color is green, which at maturity will be hot pale yellow. Sunny side may become brownish. The flesh is white, brittle and very juicy with a sweet little berry-like spicy flavor. Very fine eating apple. Can be picked mid-October and will keep well into winter.
Bohnapfel Found growing as a wild seedling in the late 1700s at Neuwieder Becken in the middle Rhine Valley, (Germany). This wild seedling developed into a highly regarded European cider apple. Sharp cider apple.
Boiken Medium-sized fruit, skin smooth and yellowish with red cheek. Flesh firm and fine grained. Refreshing, sprightly, subacid flavor.
Bolero One of the 'Ballerina' style apple varieties, developed from a McIntosh sport called Wijcik which grows in a naturally columnar style with no side-branches.
Bonne Hotture Though there seems to be no record of its origins, it was believed to have originated in the Loire River Valley several centuries ago. In his "Dictionnaire de pomologie: Pommes" (published in 1873), French pomologist André Leroy states that this apple was widely grown in the Maine et Loire Departments situated west of Paris. It was a favoured item in the region's markets through the 1800s and early 1900s. The flesh is white, fine-grained and melting. Juicy, very sweet with a slight tartness, and aromatic with a nutty flavor.
Bonnie Best Fruits are large with attractive pale red striping. Flesh is creamy color, crunchy, tender, juicy and slightly tart. Keeps well in storage.
Bonza A chance seedling discovered in Australia.
Borsdorfer One of the oldest known apples. Are mentioned already in 1561 and may have derived from Borsdorf in Sachsen, Germany. In Sweden it has been since the 1600s. It is mentioned in the first real Danish overview of fruit varieties from 1782nd. Has been the main variety in Central Europe. The fruit is medium in size with smooth skin, yellow-white base color and shiny red on the sunny side. The flesh is juicy, mildly acidic with delicate sweetness and aroma. Picked first in October and used from November to March. Dessert and eating apple.
Boskoop Rouge An upright, deciduous apple tree with ovate, serrated, dull green leaves, white flowers in spring and lumpy, crisp, sour to tart, red-mottled apples ready for harvest in mid- to late autumn.
Bossom Fruit large and conical, handsomely and regularly formed. Skin, pale greenish yellow, considerably covered with russet and occasionally marked with bright red next the sun. Flesh yellowish white, tender, crisp, juicy and sugary with a pleasant sub-acid flavor.
Botetourt Green Botetourt Green is the name given to a tree discovered by Peter Letcher growing along I-64 in Botetourt County, Virginia. He presumes it to be a chance seedling. It is a good-sized green apple with a tart-sweet flavor. Has yet to fruit for Vintage Virginia Apples. May have promise as a dessert apple.
Bottle Greening Good keeper. Fruit large to medium sized. Skin thick, tough, green with yellow cast blushed red on one side. Flesh tender and very juicy, almost melting. Excellent quality. Bruises easily.
Bountiful An easy-to-grow cooking apple, retains shape when cooked, fairly sweet for a cooker. Unusually for a cooking apple, it is quite modern - introduced by East Malling Research Station in the 1960s.
Bouteille de Lisieux A French (hard) cider apple variety.
Bowden Seedling According to some sources, this may actually be the same as the Jonathan discovered near Woodstock New York (USA) in the early 1800s and subsequently planted in Devon (UK).
Braddick's Nonpareil A little-known but high quality English dessert apple. Braddick's Nonpareil has a strong sharp flavour but with some underlying sweetness too - imagine sour honey (in a nice way) and you have it.
Bradleys Beauty A very hardy and disease resistant variety found on the mosses in Witherslack by Mr. Bob Bradley in 1975, thought to be a wilding originating in the mid 20th C. A mid season dual purpose apple which sweetens as it matures. Pick from October, for use to year end. Trees are upright and vigorous. Fruit large, conical with deep & open eye, ripening from light green to yellow with red flecks. Flesh crisp, drops to a sauce on cooking.
Braeburn Braeburn was the first of the new wave of bi-colored supermarket apple varieties, and re-established the importance of flavor in commercial apples.
Braestar Redder and ripening 3 to 5 days earlier than Braeburn.
Bramley 20 A naturally less vigorous sport of the famous English cooking apple.
Bramley's Seedling Bramley's Seedling is the definitive English cooking apple. It produces heavy crops of large apples with a sharp acidic flavour, which cook down to a smooth puree.
Bramtot (France) Cider, Small to medium apple with green skin and dull orange blush, partially russeted. Flavor subacid very stringent, ripens early October. Produces cider with extra high sugar content.
Brandywine Crab An outstanding Crabapple, Malus 'Brandywine' is an upright, broad-rounded deciduous tree with a long season of interest. Opening from deep rose-red buds, masses of very fragrant, double pink, roselike blossoms appear in mid spring, just as the foliage is unfolding.
Breakey Medium-sized fruit, yellow-green with red stripe
Breakwells Seedling A hard cider variety, Breakwells Seedling is a pretty rare apple discovered in Monmouth, a little town on the Welsh border, a little over a century ago. Produces handsome striped red cider apples. It produces a heavy crop of fruit. It’s also self fertile so it sets good crops without pollination. Produces a bitter-sharp juice.
Brettacher Apple of German origin from the early 1900s; a chance seedling with Lebel thought to be parent. Lebel is a French culinary green apple. Brettacher is also regarded for culinary purposes for its tart flavor with a hint of spice. Also used for cider and juicing. In studies, the Brettacher was found to be high in ascorbic acid and polyphenolics, making it a great source of antioxidants via simply drinking its delicious juice. Harvest in mid-September.
Bright Future One of the last varieties developed by English apple breeder Hugh Ermen, introduced in 2008 in conjunction with organic charity Garden Organic.
Britegold Originated at the now-closed Smithfield Experimental Farm in Trenton, Ontario (Canada), as part of Agriculture Canada's program to develop disease-resistant cultivars using Vf genetics. The Britegold is a cross of Sandel with pollen from an experimental variety (Platt's Red Melba x ( Jonathan x F2 26829-2-2)). Released in 1980.
Britemac Good McIntosh type. Large and attractive, brightly colored and the best for eating. Sweet, juicy, crisp, white flesh. Melba X Kildare, red striped, Flesh white, juicy and crisp. Eating quality as good or better than McIntosh. Midseason
Broadeyed Pippin A good quality and very old English culinary apple.
Broadholme Beauty A mild-flavoured cooking apple, related to James Grieve.
Brock Fruit is large and pinkish red over cream in color. Flavor is mildly sweet but distinctive.
Brogan Raised from a seed in Knox County,Tennessee, USA, mid-20th century. Firm and juicy, with an appealing strong apple flavor.
Brogden The tree originated by a roadside in southern Alabama around 1945 where a road crew took notice of this fine flavored and attractive fruit. This is a good variety for growing in warmer climates as it requires a relatively low number of chilling hours. A large, mostly red fruit ripening August to September.
Brookland Originated with the Morden Research Station, Agriculture Canada, by Dr. C. R. Ure, for the Prairie Fruit Breeding Cooperative, selected as 17C-23-33 at the AHRC, Brooks, Alberta and tested as PF1, and released by the Morden Research Station, Agriculture Canada in 1980. The tree is moderately vigorous, compact round to spreading, and annually productive. It is hardy to Zone 2a and resistant to fire blight. The fruit is smallmedium size, 5-6 cm (2-2 2 ") in diameter, oblate, and matures in late August to early September. The skin is thin, greenish base, blushed and lightly streaked or striped with light red. The flesh is whitish, somewhat coarse, but sweet but with good flavor. It is good for eating fresh and for cooking.
Brownlees Russet A popular English apple from the Victorian era, widely grown at the time and esteemed for its flavour and blossom. Sharp or Bittersharp Cider, A dual purpose apple, the flesh is tender, subacid and aromatic. In season from January to April. An upright compact tree, it is very hardy, succeeding in cold poorly drained soils. It is virtually disease free. Cropping is irregular according to one report, whilst others say that it crops prolifically. Harvest the fruit in mid October or later.
Brown Russet A synonym for Leather Coat.
Brown's Apple A traditional English cider variety, produces sharp juice. England early 1900s. Bitter sharp cider
Brown Snout Brown Snout is a traditional English hard-cider variety, producing a mild bittersweet juice.
Brown's Seedling An English culinary variety from Stamford. Rated by Hogg as handsome, excellent for culinary use, and a good keeper.
Brown's South Lincoln Beauty A synonym for Allington Pippin.
Brown Sweet Fruits large ovate to oblong conic. Often narrow sharply towards the apex, sometimes ribbed and irregular. Skin moderately thick, tough, green or yellow, sometimes with red cheek and often russetted.   Flesh is tinged with yellow, fine and rather tender. Juicy, very sweet.
Brown Thorn Bittersweet hard cider
Broxwood Foxwhelp A sport of the old English Foxwhelp cider variety, produces a bittersharp juice. Considered one of the best cider varieties.
Brugger Reinette Likely originated in the region of Brugg (Germany). Large. Round to round flattened. Green washed red with ndarked stripes. Light coloured lentices. The eye is partly open and set in a narrow, shallow basin. The stem is very short and medium stout, set in a shallow and wide cavity. Tough skinned. The flesh is white. Crisp. Sweet.
Brush College Large, red with white dots, firm flesh, tart. Questionable quality, needs more testing.
Brushy Mountain Limbertwig One of a group of antique American apples known as 'Limbertwigs', most of which are good keepers and useful for culinary purposes, often with an aromatic or spicy flavor.
Bryson's Seedling Once believed to be extinct, this unique North Carolina apple was rediscovered several years ago by that dedicated apple hunter, Tom Brown, of Clemmons, NC. Bryson’s Seedling originated in Jackson County, NC, and was first described in a 1904 catalog from the Maryland Nursery Company of Baltimore. Fruit is very broad, enormous and very flattened in appearance. The rough skin is mostly greenish-yellow and overlaid with light and dark red. The greenish-white flesh is firm, crunchy and juicy. Ripens in late October and stores extraordinarily well, keeping firm and solid well into March.
Buckeye Beauty Chance seedling discovered on the farm of Clem C. Wilcox on Thanksgiving day, 1913. Medium to large, yellow. Flavor becomes richer as it ages in keeping.
Buckingham Pale yellow flushed and mottled with red, and striped and blushed with bright red. The surface is covered with white dots. Shape is oblate and somewhat irregular with tough thick skin is tough and flesh juicy, yellow, crisp and sprightly subacid. It has a small core and a short stalk. Virginia 1700s.
Buckley Giant Originated in Washington State in 1935. Large to very large cooking apple which does not keep well.
Buff Large in size, the shape is flat, rectangular, convex and it is ribbed at the eye and prominently on the body. The greenish white flesh is fine-grained, crisp and sweet in flavor.
Bullet Southern U.S. heirloom apple varieties that ripens late and keeps well.
Bullock The Bullock apple tree is said to of originated in Burlington County, New Jersey in the 1700's. Considered one of the parents to our cherished Golden Russet. Back in the day it was one of the most popular apple varieties for cider in the states. Bullock apples are small to medium-sized apples. They have pale yellow skin with some coppery russetting. Often fruit is covered in a good deal of russetting. Inside they have very firm, yellow flesh, with a mild but rich and spicy flavor. Good for fresh-eating, drying, cider. Can make a cider with an alcohol content up to 7%. Heavy bearing tree.
Bulmer's Norman Specifically a cider variety. Bittersweet flavor.
Buncombe Buncombe Apples were mentioned by John A. Warder (1812-1883) in his 1867 book, “American pomology: apples.” Their origin is presumed to be Buncombe County, North Carolina, USA sometime in the 19th century. Buncombe are medium to large-sized, tallish apples. They have smooth yellow skin flushed with deep dark red. Inside, they have yellowish, tender, sweet, juicy flesh.
Bundy's Ringwood Red Chance seedling discovered in Ringwood in the southern UK by Mark Barnett. The apple is somewhat interesting as it is small and a very deep red, once bitten in found the flesh also a deep red and very sweet to taste. Named for Donald Bundy.
Bunkum The origin of this mid-summer apple is a bit unclear and is often confused with Buncombe, a large red apple which originated in North Carolina. A wonderful apple for frying or applesauce. Fruit is large and blocky with uneven ribs. Smooth greenish-yellow skin covered with brownish dots. Fine flavor but tends to drop from the tree prematurely. Flesh yellowish, firm, juicy and sweet. Ripens August to September.
Burford Red Flesh The Burford Red Flesh apple tree has beautiful red flesh inside crimson skin. One of the venerable Tom Burford's discoveries, the Burford Red Fleshed apple is crisp, juicy and tart. Great for ciders and makes lovely red/pink sauces, chutneys and beverages. Fruit sweetens a bit in storage. Also attractive as an ornamental with greenish-bronze leaves in the summer and fall foliage of glowing, awe-inspiring orange-red leaves. Best for cider and as a novelty in the garden.
Burgundy Fruit is large, round, very intense pigment, almost blackish red. Solid blush without stripes. Skin is smooth and glossy. Flesh crisp, subacid, very good eating quality. Fruits hang well for 3 weeks after harvest ripe. Storage life is short, no more than a month. Monroe C NY 18491, dark red, Very high quality dessert apple. Beautiful appearance. Hangs well without premature drop. Tree a vigorous grower, bears annually. Midseason
Burling Green According to apple collector Lee Calhoun, Burning Green is probably the same apple as Burner Green, a variety first mentioned in 1868 by the Illinois Horticultural Society. This apple was located in Mitchell County, North Carolina by Calhoun. Fruit medium-sized or smaller, round; skin pale greenish-yellow. Ripens August or later.
Bushey Grove Sharp acidic cooker, very juicy
Butterball With its cascade of speckled yellow-coloured fruits Malus Butterball is perhaps the prettiest of all crab-apples for autumn color. Butterball is also a good choice if you want to make crab apple jelly. The fruitlets hang on the tree for an extended period, and can be used for cooking throughout this period. The spring blossom is pure white.
Calder Red
Calloway Crab
Calton Sweet
Calvil Crymsky
Calville Blanc d'Hiver The perfect choice for tarte aux pommes, its spicy aromatic flavor makes it one of the world's top culinary apples.
Calville Du Mont d'Or
Calville Rouge
Calville Rouge d'Automne Large, with characteristic ribbed shape. Skin pale red with a tinge of yellow. Sweet, slight strawberry flavor with tender, juicy flesh. Good fresh and for baked apples, keeps its form with a smooth creamy texture.
Calville Rouge D Ete
Calvin This rather large yellow summer variety is superb for dessert or cooking. Traditionally, it was used for making brandy and cider. Ripens in North Georgia in late July or early August.
Camack Sweet
Cambusnethan Pippin
Cameo A modern sweet variety, reminscent of Red Delicious.
Campbell Delicious
Campfield A cider apple of medium size. Skin is smooth and red, with small indistinct yellow spots and side away from the sun is typically greenish yellow. The flesh is white, firm, sweet and rich.   Form is round, flattened and somewhat sunk at the ends.
Canada Red
Canada Reinette
Canadian Gris
Canadian Strawberry
Canavial 14
Candied Apple Weeping Crab
Candy Apple
Candy Crisp Glossy yellow, and generally russet free apple with an extremely mild, somewhat pear-like flavor. Large, conical fruits is occasionally blushed with soft pink.
Candy Stripe
Candy Sweeting
Caney Fork Limbertwig
Canning Yellow
Cannon Pearmain
Cap N Cannons Red June
Cap of Liberty hard Cider
Cappers Pearmain
Captain Davis
Captain Kidd Streaked bright red. Very good flavor, very sweet, juicy.
Cardinal Crab
Cardinal Von Galen Cooking and juice apple. Large, bright red fruit.
Carilina Pippin
Carlos Queen Large, green with red blush.
Carmeliter Reinette Medium-sized, golden fruit flushed red and russeted. Sweet and aromatic.
Carolina Beauty
Carolina June
Carolina Pippin
Carolina Red June A synonym for Red June.
Carroll Excellent eating apple, also for cooking.
Carroll County Pound
Carters Blue Alabama 1840s.
Carters Surprise
Casa Nova De Alco Baca 9
Cascade (Crab)
Cascade Portage
Catawaba North Carolina mid 1800s.
Catawaba Beauty
Cathead Queen
Catshead An ancient English apple, cooks to sharp firm puree. England pre-1600s (possibly much earlier).
Caudle A synonym for Cameo.
Celestia One of the best tasting apples one can find, Firm pale green skin sometimes with a pink or brownish blush, often becoming yellowish in maturity and speckled broadly with very fine dots. It is exceedingly juicy with a luscious, crisp and tender, very pleasant, rich, delicious quality.
Celler Dickstlel
Cellini An unusual Victorian variety, primarily a culinary apple but can be eaten fresh. One of the best examples of the aniseed component of apple flavours.
Centennial Crab Minnesota Agricultural Experiment Station, a cross of Dolgo Crab and Wealthy, introduced in 1957, Red-yellow, One of the best fresh eating crabs. An excellent ornamental and habitat tree. Strong grower. Midseason
Century 21
Cestra Belferkitaika
Champagne Reinette
Champlain (Nyack)
Champoeg Russet Small apple, yellow skin almost entirely covered with heavy russet. Sometimes has a red blush. Crisp flesh with a superior flavor. Discovered by Rick Valley at Champoeg park in Champoeg, OR.
Charden A modern French apple derived from Golden Delicious but with better disease resistance.
Charles Ross Handsome, juicy, versatile English classic - good for old-fashioned English cooking.
Charleston Pippin
Charly Hall 1
Charly Hall 3
Chatham Sweet
Cheals Golden Gem
Cheals Weeping
Cheddar Cross Medium in size, flattened shape, and indistinctly ribbed at the eye and on the body. The skin is green and covered with russet. The creamy white finely textured flesh is subacid to slightly sweet in flavor. Savory with mellow acidity; crisp, juicy.
Cheerfull Gold A modern English apple variety, derived from Cox's Orange Pippin and Golden Delicious.
Cheese Big Flat Yellow
Cheese of Pennsylvania
Chehalis Large greenish yellow apple, usually with a pink blush on exposed side. Resembles Golden Delicious in looks and flavor but larger, crisper and more elongated. Crisp, cream colored flesh. Medium-fine texture. Sweet, slightly honeyed, juicy eating and baking apple.
Cheiftan Jonathan/Red Delicious cross.
Chenango Strawberry Medium to large fruit smooth, yellowish or greenish-white skin striped with crimson. Flesh juicy, mildly subacid, aromatic with a hint of strawberries. Skin smooth and tough. Pick when skin starts to turn milky. New York, mid 1800s. Yellow with red striping, Beautiful fruit with an exaggerated shape. Excellent dessert quality. Annual bearer, ripening over long season. Early-midseason
Cherry Cox A medium size round deep red apple that is consistently productive and has excellent flavor. It is a sport of Cox's Orange Pippen from Denmark. It often shows dark red stripes and splashes of the solid red fruit. Ripens in early October and has a compact spreading growth habit
Cherry Crab
Cherry Pearmain
Cherryville Black This variety was collected by Lee Calhoun in 1987 from Ernest Sellers of Cherryville, NC. It is an unique variety grown by the Sellers family for many years. Believed to be named for Elszy Black, grandfather of Mr. Sellers. Calhoun describes this as one of his favorite late July apples. Fruit medium sized, with greenish skin, covered with dull red and numerous red stripes. White flesh is crisp and very juicy. Ripens late July to August and not a good keeper.
Chesapeake A seedling of Red Rome and has the same characteristics. Tree is medium size and very vigorous, hardy, productive. Ripens in September
Chestnut Crab Malinda X Crab, red yellow, russeted, Delightfully sweet and good-tasting crabapple with white flowers. Vigorous grower. Midseason
Cheswell Crab
Chieftain Fruits are medium in size, round, and bright red. Flesh firm, juicy, white. Flavor subacid, milder than Jonathan but more sprightly than Delicious. Dual purpose, high quality. Keeps well.
Chimney Apple
China 01-28
China 97-03-09
China 97-05-11
Chinese Golden Early
Chinook Small. Cherry red blush over yellow. Outstanding dessert quality. Very long keeper.
Chisel Jersey Cider apple. Fruit green with red flush. Bittersweet flavor.
Chivers Delight Delightful, easy-going apple, sweet, juicy, crunchy - and some aromatic qualitie
Chivers's Seedling A synonym for Histon Favourite.
C.H.M 1
C.H.M 2
C.H.M 3
C.H.M 4
C.H.M 5
C.H.M 6
C.H.M 94
C.H.M D3
C.H.M J1
C.H.M M1
C.H.M M2
C.H.M P114 (Scotty's Prolific) small 2 1/4 inches across, pale yellow sometimes with a very light red blush, very mild tart flavor, crisp fine grained flesh, turns mealy after a few weeks in the refrigerator, bears early and abundantly, regular bearing. Discovered in a fencerow in Salem, OR, Ripens August 30
C.H.M P126 (Tina's Favorite) Probably a seedling of Winter Banana, small yellow apple, very strong aroma, flavor similar to Winter Banana.
C.H.M P24 (Revival) Large, round, yellow apple with brilliant orange and red streaks, very good fine grained flesh. Ripens October 30. Found growing in a fencerow at the Revival Campground in Turner, OR about 1986. Only bore good fruit about one year in four in the wild.
C.H.M P92 (Pioneer) Charcteristicly unevenly shaped apples. Light red with darker stripes and splashes, yellow undercoat. Rich sweet-tart flavor. Excellent, Stores well. Ripens October 1. Found in a fencerow in West Stayton, OR. I got scionwood from this tree in 1988 after I drove through a field litered with very large rocks and, after looking around, found that this tree had been bulldozed over by the farmer. Wagonwheel Orchards say this apple is a “popular choice.”
C.H.M PO 1
Chocolate Coat
Cho You
Christmas Apple A synonym for Lady Apple.
Christmas Delight
Christmas Lady
Christmas Pearmain Nice apple flavour, sweet but with refreshing sharpness, firm rather than crunchy. Ingrid Marie x Golden Delicious.
Christmas Pink a red-flesh apple that is firm and juicy.
Christmas Pippin A modern Cox-style variety, found growing by a roadside.
Chuero Biz Bras
CHuero Ru Bienn
Chussen Rainer
Cider Hybrid
Cider Sweet (Cope)
Cimitiere (De Blangy) hard Cider
Cinnamon Spice Medium sized apple, dark red with some yellow background color. Cinnamon flavored.
Cises Large Winter
Civni A synonym for Rubens.
Claras Creek Apple
Clark of Kentucky
Clarks Orange
Clarks Pearmain
Clark's Seedling An English culinary apple from the 1920s, uncertain origins. Widely known as Royal George.
Claudius Herbstapfel
Claudius Rosenapfel
Claus Winterprinz
Claygate Pearmain A popular Victorian dessert apple, named after the village where it was discovered.
Clay Hole
Clear Gold
Clear Heart
Clifford (redflesh)
Cloud Apple from South Carolina that Kuffel creek reimported from England
CLR 23-30
C.M.R. 2T13 (Perdue)
Coast Apple
Coast Hardy
Coat Jersey Bittersweet hard cider
Cobles Wilder
Cockett's Red A small but pretty red eating apple from Cambridgeshire, with a somewhat sharp flavour which mellows in storage.
Cockle Plppin
Cockpit Improved A Yorkshire cooker, cooks to a sweet puree. An improved version of the original Cockpit.
Coconut Crunch A crisp, hard, winter apple which has a strong resemblance to Northern Spy, one of its parents.
Coes Golden Drop Small, flat, conical fruit; yellow, blushed with bright crimson. Crisp and yellow flesh; very juicy, brisk, sugary and vinous. Susceptible to scab. Ripens August/September
Coeur de Boeuf Another ancient French cooker, cooks to lemon coloured sweet puree
Coffect Beauty
Coffey Seedling
Coker Seedling
Colby Baldwin
Cole Sharp or Bittersharp Cider
Cole's Quince Cooking apple in July, eating apple when ripe. Large, ribbed yellow fruit with a firm red juicy flesh. Mild, rich quince flavor and aroma. Very rare.
Collamers 20 OZ
Collins June
Colonel Vaughan
Colora York
Columbia Russet
Colvis Spice The Colvis Spice apple is a russeted apple with a spicy, cinnamon/nutmeg taste.
Commander York
Commercio Collins
Concordia Cider
Conkle Jonathan
Connell Red Very productive, very hardy, large dark red high quality eating apple. Connell Red is a gorgeous Fireside type. A good late keeping apple for northern areas. McIntosh X Longfield
Cookes Seedling
Coombs Wealthy
Coon Creek
Coop 25 A synonym for Scarlett O'Hara.
Coop 29 A synonym for Sundance.
Coop 31 A synonym for WineCrisp.
Coopers Early White
Coopers Market
Coos Bay
Coos Bay Best
Coos River Beauty
Corail A synonym for Pinova.
Cornish Aromatic Old-fashioned variety from Cornwall, some pineapple flavours, very enjoyable
Cornish Gilliflower An important English apple of the Victorian era, with a good sweet aromatic flavour.
Corse Hill
Cortland One of the more successful McIntosh offspring, with all the usual characteristics, including the sweet vinous flavour. New York 1898. Ben Davis X McIntosh, red, Flesh white, slow to discolor on exposure to air. Good all-around apple, favored for cooking and cider. Annual bearer. Mid to Late season
Cortland North Pole
Cortland Red Coat
Cortland Red Spur
Cortland Spur
Cortland Starkspur
Cosmic Crisp Marketed as a new non-GMO non-browning apple, Cosmic Crisp inherits reliability and disease-resistance from Enterprise and crisp flavor from Honeycrisp. Originally known as WA38.
Cottenham Seedling A well-regarded early 20th century cooking apple from the east of England with a good pedigree.
Cotton Patch
Cotton Sweet
County Line
Court Of Wick Small to medium. Conical. Golden yellow skin, blushed red and spotted with russet. Flavor is strong and fruity.
Court Pendu
Court Pendu De France
Court Pendu Gris
Court Pendu Noir
Court Pendu Plat Ancient French dessert variety, rich intense unique flavour
Court Pendu Rose
Court Royal
Cow Jersey hard Cider
Cow Russet
Cow Snout
Cox Kummer
Cox Ley
Cox Queen A synonym for Queen Cox.
Coxs Orange Otago
Cox's Orange Pippin This is the benchmark for flavor in apples - from a good tree in a good year it can achieve exceptional flavor.
Coxs Pomona
Crab C
Cranberry Pippin
Cranberry (South)
Craven Crab
Crawford Seedling
Crawley Beauty Primarily a culinary variety, cooks to a puree with a delicate apple flavour - but can be eaten fresh after storing. Good disease resistance and tolerates a wide range of soil types.
Crawley Relnette
Cream Puff
Creamy Kitaika
Creasy Sweet
Creston Does not color well. Softens in storage. Greasy skin.
Crimson Beauty Fameuse family, red striped, One of the earliest red apples. Nice tart flavor. Good for sauce and cooking.
Crimson Bramley
Crimson Brillant
Crimson Crisp Small to medium. Very bright mid-range red over yellow. Extremely crisp. Very good, rich flavor. Sweet/sharp flavor, spicy. Originally known as Coop 39.
Crimson Gold this and Wickson are two of Etter's finest varieties, crab hybrids of exceptional dessert and culinary qualities.
Crimson Jonagold
Crimson King
Crimson Peasgood
Crimson Spire
Crimson Superb
Cripps Pink A synonym for Pink Lady.
Cripps Red A synonym for Sundowner.
Crispin A synonym for Mutsu.
Criterion Larger fruit with dark red skin underlaid with stripes. Crisp pure white flesh resists browning when cut. Tart tangy flavor. Dessert quality. Excellent for eating out of hand, cooking, and cider. Washinton 1968.
Crofton Red Delicious shape, Yellow Delicious character. Yellowish green skin with a beautiful distinctive reddish pink blush. Mildly sweet flesh. Good for fresh eating, cooking, freezing, drying.
Crofton Scarlet A synonym for Scarlet Crofton.
Croncels Transparent
Crow Egg Medium to large, roundish and slightly flattened, light yellow with a small amount of red, juicy, slightly sweet, ripe late August.
Crower 30
Crown Jewel
Crown Prince Rudolf
Crystal Blush
Curtis Cheese
Cutleaf Crab
Cybele Delrouval An excellent new variety from France - sweet, crisp, juicy - one of the best mid-season varieties.
Dab 100
Dabbs Horse
Dabinett A very high quality English cider variety, provides a bittersweet juice for cider making.
Dabinette Bittersweet Cider
Dad Apple
Daddy Rebecca
Dakota Gold ND State Univ., yellow, Large fruit; good for fresh eating and culinary use. Tolerant to fireblight. Annual bearer. Early ripening
Daliclass Essentially an improved Elstar, with a bit more sharpness.
Dalitron A modern yellow apple developed in France. Being promoted in the UK by M&S under the name Amelia.
Dandee Red Bright red. McIntosh flavor. Keeps 3 months (very long for its season).
Danny Boy
Dans Apple
Danvers Winter Sweet
Dapple This variety earned its name from its outlandish appearance: Haloed purplish spots over a yellow background. Horseowners will recognize the reference. A small fruit in the same range as Wickson and Muscat de Venus. It is very pleasant and refreshing; it should appeal to a broad range of palates. Ripens in early November.
D'Arcy Spice An old apple variety from the county of Essex in south-east England with several unusual characteristics, and notable for its spice-like flavour.
Darlene Chapman
D Armoire
Daux Belan
Davenport Russet
Daves Apple
Daves Delight Sweet apple with a spicy, strong, rich, very distinctive flavor and a hard breaking texture; some say it tastes like apple pie. Selected by Dave Orndorf, he extracted seed from a Suncrisp apple from Lynd's Fruit Farm. It is believed to be a cross between Suncrisp and Melrose as these two varieties were planted in alternating rows. Ripens in late September.
Daves Neighbor
Daves Old Red
Davey Highly colored, bright red, distinctly flavored, of Baldwin texture and keeping qualities. Good, brisk taste, hint of strawberry flavor, crisp and juicy. McIntosh open pollinated, red, High quality fruit with distinctive flavor. Keeps all winter. Resistant to scab. Mid to late season
David Crab
David Schectler
Davidson Sweeting Discovered in 1994 by Dr. L.R. Littleton, this old apple tree was found, barely clinging to life, in the old Berrier Orchard near Cana, Virginia. Renee Berrier told Dr. Littleton that the original grafts were brought into Virginia from Davidson County, North Carolina in the 1800’s. The apple has been long prized by the Berrier family for making outstanding apple preserves. Fruit is medium in size, somewhat oblate, with light yellow skin with light red striping. Ripens in August.
Davids Winter
Davis (Avery)
Dawn A good-looking dessert variety, fairly sharp flavour
Dawn Mac
Dayton Fruit is medium-large, full red and sweet.
Dazzling Sue
Deacon Jones
Dean Watts Scion
Dearborn Early
Dearborns Unknown
De Bouteville Sweet cider apple. Medium size, round. Green maturing to yellow, washed pale red, often with a bright red flush.
Decio Probably the oldest variety in existence, thought to date back to Roman time
Decio Roman apple
Deep Eye in my hunt for heritage apple trees I occasionally meet people who have amazing seedling apple trees at their homes (all the old heritage trees were once great seedlings); this is one of them; the apple is deep red, firm, tart, and great for any use. It has very deep blossom and stem cavities.
Deep Red
Deer Creek Crab
De Estre
De La Bretonme
Delbard Estivale A synonym for Estivale.
Delblush A synonym for Tentation. Medium, oblong, conical shape. Golden yellow with orange blush. Lenticels prominent. Crisp, firm, and juicy. Sweet, subacid, intensely aromatic to some. Keeps well.
Del Cirio
Delcon Full sized, dark red fruits shaped like a Delicious. Sweet, crisp, juicy, white flesh. Good fresh and for pies. Keeps into the winter.
Delcorf A synonym for Estivale.
Delicious One of the most famous and important American apple varieties. The original Delicious has a flavor that many find superior to the numerous sports such as Red Delicious that have been developed from it.
Delicious De Voinesti
Delicious Mercer
Delicious Red Original
Delight Abite
Deli Russet
Delkers Glorie
Delprim A good quality early-season variety, developed by the Delbard nursery in France, with an interesting pedigree. Deserves to be more widely grown.
Derman Black Stayman
Derman Paragon 3-6-6
Derman Paragon 6 33
Derman Stayman
Derman Stayman 3-6-6
Derman Stayman 6 33
Derman Winesap 2-4-4
Detroit Red An old-time favorite for those who like a tart juicy apple. Great for fresh eating, cider, applesauce and drying. A medium size apple colored green with a red blushing. Ripens late July to early August. Curious ridges about the calyx.
Devonshire Crimson Queen
Devonshire Quarrenden A very old English apple variety, historically important because of its strawberry-like flavour.
Dewdney's Seedling Medium to large, round to round conic. The base colour is green, blushed pale red and marked with darker red striping. The eye is small to medium and partly open, ste in a shallow and narrow basin. The stem is medium long and somewhat slender, set in a deep and funnel shaped cavity.
Diamond Jubilee Sharp puree, crisp juicy dessert later in seaso
Dice Crab
Diehl 1
Diltaya From Gueen
Dip Crossing
Directeur Lesage
Discovery A popular English early apple variety, and a good choice for the garden.
Diwa A synonym for Junami.
Dixie Red Delight
Dixie Sweet
Dobbins Apple
Dobbs Horse
Doch Diany
Doc Pippin
Doctor Harvey Originates from East Anglia in the 1600s. Named after Dr Gabriel Harvey of Cambridge.
Doctor Matthews Red and red-striped skin with fine crisp, juicy, creamy flesh. It has a mild but aromatic flavor. An excellent keeper.
Dodd Banana A specialty apple with a banana aroma; hardier than its purported parent. Good all-purpose apple.
Dog's Snout A primitive green culinary apple, peculiar to the county of Yorkshire.
Domaine Bitter hard cider
Donnton Pippin
Dooleys White Pippin
Dorsell Marcus
Dorsett Golden A remarkable early-season apple, well-adapted to tropical climates and with a very low chill requirement. A low chill variety to cross pollinate with Anna, Dorsett Golden has beautiful color with a sprightly taste good for fresh eating, canning, cooking and freezing. Ripens in late July to early August.
Dorthea Crab
Doss Blushing June
Double Bon Pommier
Doucet Rouge
Doux Amr
Doux Normandy
Doux Tardif
Downing 1
Downing 2
Downing Tart
Downing Winter Maidenblush
Drain Canyon
Drap D'Or Guemene
Dr Beach Winter Hanger
Dr Bill
Dr Bushs Sweet
Drew Brook
Dr Harvey
Dr Matthews Indiana 1800s.
Dr Seeling Golden
Dubbele Zoete AAGT
Duchess Russian, red striped, yellow blush, Medium to large size, pleasant taste, excellent cooking quality. Early to midseason
Duchess of Oldenburg An attractive early-season apple, originating from Russia in the 18th century, and now quite widely grown in northern Europe and the USA.
Duchess's Favourite Duchess's Favourite is a small red traditional summer eating apple from the 19th century.
Ducks Bill
Dudley Duchess open pollinated, yellow, red stripes, Big, attractive. Makes great sauce and baked apple. Midseason
Dudleys Winter
Dufflin hard Cider
Duke of Devonshire An important Victorian apple with a distinctive fruity flavour, and often russeted. Continues to be quietly popular.
Dula Beauty good disease resistance, produces very large apples, native to western NC
Dulcet Deep red apple with a faint stripe and pronounced lenticels. Flesh is white, crisp and enhanced with a mild, sweet flavor that is very aromatic.
Dumeller's Seedling A synonym for Dumelow's Seedling.
Dumelow's Seedling Sharp or Bittersharp Cider
Duncan Greening
Dunkerton Late Sweet
Dunns Favorite
Dunns Seedling
Dutch Mignonne
Dymock Red Sharp Cider
Eagle Tree
Earliblaze These semi-tart apples are crisp with just the right mixture of sweetness and zip for fresh off the tree eating. Smooth striped skin is cherry red and very attractive.
Earligold As an early season apple, Earligold is a good eating and cooking apple.
Earlijon An earlier ripening Jonathan sport.
Early Banana Very large, round, yellow apple. Crisp, fine grained flesh with a very good tangy flavor, harvest before the fruit cracks and quality goes down. Very healthy and vigerous tree, excellent bearing habits, great apple. Ripens in August. Found growing in a vacant lot in Salem, OR in 1992.
Early Banta
Early Bird Red
Early Cortland Cortland X Lodi, green with red striping, Fruit similar to Cortland, but tarter. Stores well for an early apple. Tree a vigorous grower.
Early Crimson
Early Crimson Laxton
Early Fly
Early Fuji Similar to regular Fuji, but harvests six weeks earlier.
Early Genitan
Early Goodwin
Early Harvest Cooking apple, especially good for sauce, and eating apple when fully ripe. Golden with slight blush of brownish orange. Crisp, tender, creamy white flesh with subacid flavor. New York 1700s.
Early Joe This apple originated with Heman Chapin of Ontario County, New York around 1800. Mr. Chapin is also responsible for giving rise to Northern Spy, another truly fine apple variety. Early Joe first received recognition in 1843 at a fair exhibition in Rochester, New York. Ten years later, its reputation had spread to the South where it was listed in several nursery catalogs in the region. The medium-sized apple is slightly conical in shape with thin, greenish-yellow skin and striped and splashed with dark red. The yellowish-white flesh is tender, juicy, and very flavorful. An early season variety ripening July to August.
Early June
Early Mclntosh McIntosh X Yellow Transparent, yellow, red stripes, White, tender flesh with pleasant flavor. Good for home and local markets. Early-midseason
Early Melon
Early Pickens
Early Pippin
Early Red
Early Redbud
Early Red Delight
Early Red Harvest
Early Red June
Early Red One
Early Richmond Cherry
Early Ripe
Early Russet
Early Sheepnose
Early Strawberry Small, sprightly, aromatically flavored with solid rich dark red skin and crisp yellowish flesh sometimes streaked with red. New York 1838.
Early Sweet
Early Sweeting
Early Thompson
Early Victoria A synonym for Emneth Early.
Early Windsor A synonym for Alkmene.
Eastern Orange
East Gate Crab
Eastman Crab
Eastman Sweet Red, striped, Attractive fruit with rich, sweet, yellowish flesh. Tree bears heavily and is long-lived. Late ripening
Echtor Prinz
Ecklinvllle Seedling Sharp or Bittersharp Cider
Eddie April A large apple with a firmer flesh than Yellow Delicious and a fine strawberry aroma.
Edelborsdorfer One of the oldest known apples. Are mentioned already in 1561 and may have derived from Borsdorf in Sachsen, Germany. In Sweden it has been since the 1600s. It is mentioned in the first real Danish overview of fruit varieties from 1782nd. Has been the main variety in Central Europe. The fruit is medium in size with smooth skin, yellow-white base color and shiny red on the sunny side. The flesh is juicy, mildly acidic with delicate sweetness and aroma. Picked first in October and used from November to March. Dessert and eating apple.
Eden Developed in Canada in the 1970s and introduced around 2006 under the trade name Eden, the flesh of this variety does not turn brown when cut. Not to be confused with the English variety called Eden which was introduced in the 1950s.
Edith Smith Medium size. Red blush over cream.
Edwards Winter
Edward VII A popular English garden cooking apple, very easy to grow.
Eggleton Styre
Egremont Russet The definitive English russet apple, with the charateristic sweet/dry "nutty" flavour. Yellow russet, Small, very high quality. Good for cider. Late ripening
Egri Piros
Ein Shemer
Ein Shemer 28
Eldon Pippin
Elisa Rathke
Elise A new apple variety developed to have low levels of the allergenic compounds which can cause mild allergic reaction to apples in some people.
Elita 20 Maiutesti
Ellis Bittersweet hard cider
Ellis Bitter Bittersweet hard cider
Ellison's Orange One of the best offspring of Cox's Orange Pippin, with a distinct aniseed flavor.
Elstar One of the best Golden Delicious offspring, the sweet/sharp flavor is more reminscent of Cox's Orange Pippin. First developed in the Netherlands in Elst in the 1950s. Golden Delicious x Ingrid Marie.
Elstar Lustre
Elton Beauty An attractive early-season English apple, related to James Grieve.
Emerald Spire
Emneth Early Also known as Early Victoria, Emneth Early is a very early-season "codlin" type apple. It was grown commercially in East Anglia and elsewhere, particularly for jam production.
Empire One of the best McIntosh-style apples, with a good sweet vinous flavor, and easy to grow. Good for cider. Quality excellent, storage qualities good. Bears at a young age, annual bearer. Not self-fruitful. Late-midseason. New York 1945. McIntosh X Red Delicious
Empress Fruit is medium sized, 90% red, with excellent eating quality and the aromatics of Jonamac.
Empress Spur Golden Delicous
End 922
English Beauty
English Golden Russet
English Redstreak
English Russet
Enterprise A modern American late-season disease-resistant apple with a sharp flavor and good keeping qualities.
Envy Envy is a very recent introduction from New Zealand which has quickly established itself as one of the top-selling apple varieties.
Epicure Small, firm early apple. Very good dessert quality. Often known as Laxton's Epicure.
Erl Trio
Ernst Borch
Erwin Bauer Eating apple. Medium size fruit, deep yellow skin with stripes. Flesh especially hard and crisp with sweet aromatic flavor.
Esopus Spitzenburg One of the great American apple varieties, thought to be Thomas Jefferson's favourite. Noted for its spicy flavour, and for its susceptibility to any and every disease afflicting apples. Esopus, New York 1800s.
Estivale A very good early/mid-season apple from France, also known as Delcorf and Delbarestivale.
Ethel Martins Red Stripe
Etter's Gold Medium to large, greenish yellow fruit ripening to a clear golden color. Excellent eating quality. Good for cooking. Flesh remains crisp and juicy even after months in storage.
Evans Care Free
Eve Apple
Evelina Evelina is a red-coloured sport of Pinova, a modern disease-resistant apple related to Golden Delicious and Cox's Orange Pippin.
Evening Gold
Evereste Crab
Excel Jonagold More acid than Jonagold.
Exeter Cross Small to medium size. Red stripes over greenish yellow. Crisp, sweet, juicy with sharp flavor.
Eynsham Challenger
Eynsham Dumpling
Fallawater Good sauce and culinary apple. Large, green fruit turning to light green upon ripening. Sometimes over 6 inches in diameter. Subacid to mildly sweet flavor.
Fall Harvey
Fall Orange Massachusetts 1770.
Fall Pippin Large, yellow fall apple. Good flavor and keeper. Flesh tender, rich and of very good quality. Excellent for eating but especially desirable for culinary use. Sharp or Bittersharp Cider
Fall Premium
Fall Queen
Fall Red
Fall Rose
Fall Russet
Fall Sweet
Fall Wine
Falstaff Popular garden apple tree, very heavy crops, easy to grow, very juicy.
Fameuse A very hardy apple variety. Also known as the Snow Apple of Quebec, from plantings in early French settlements in Quebec.
Fancy Prairie
Fanny Pennsylvania before 1869.
Farmers Early Sweet Yellow Transparent type, by the time I picked them, they were very soft, may be better if picked earlier.
Farmer Spy
Father Abraham
Faust Winter
Fawn River Sweet
Fearns Ave. Pippin Sharp or Bittersharp Cider
Fearn's Pippin An attractive old English dessert variety from the 18th century.
Feltham Beauty An early season English apple, ripens in mid-August. The flavour is sweeter than most early varieties.
Fence Row
Fennouillet Rose
Fenouillet de Ribours
Fenouillet Gris
Fenouillet Rouge
Ferina Pippin
Fernand Cognet
Feys Record
Field's Apple
Field Spy
Fiesta One of the best Cox-style apples, and much easier to grow. Often marketed as Red Pippin.
Filippa Considered one of the best seedlings of Gravenstein.
Fillbarrel Bittersweet Cider
Finkenwerder Herbstprinz
Finsons Orange
Firecracker This is a trademarked name for Bill's Red Fleshed apple. It also goes by Scarlet Surprise, another trademarked name. One of the most striking examples of a red-fleshed apple variety. The red tendency dominates this apple, with not only the skin and flesh but also the leaves, wood, and blossoms all having a very pronounced red stain to them.
Fireside Large conical fruit. Green skin with scarlet stripes and sometimes a mottled orange flush. Crisp, sweet, juicy greenish white to yellow flesh. Excellent eating apple. McIntosh X Longfield, red, striped, An excellent dessert apple. A good keeper and resistant to cedar-apple rust. Late ripening
Firmgold Flesh is fine textured and very sweet. Good russet resistance. Sizes easily to 3" and hangs well on the tree.
Fisell Golden
Five Crown Pippin Medium size. Green.
Flamboyante A synonym for Mairac.
Flamenco A columnar or ballarina style apple variety.
Flat Apple
Flat Fall Cheese
Flat Fallwater
Flat Top
Flavour Gold
Fletcher Sweet
Florina Medium to large. Very attractive purple-red over yellow. Medium firm. Aromatic. Keeps well.
Flower of Kent A synonym for Sir Isaac Newton's Tree. Sharp or Bittersharp Cider
Floyd Richmond
F McFarland Red Apple From the homestead of F. McFarland, an early Kansas settler.
FO 59-4 (Romania)
Forest King
Forest Streaked
Forest Winter
Forfar Versatile cooker, recommended for apple charlotte
Form 35 (33-01) Kaz. (RW)
Fort Elkton
Forts Prize Originated by John D. Fort and grown in the early 1900s in his orchard near Mountain City, Georgia. Fort’s Prize was awarded several prizes in the 1908 National Apple Show in Spokane, Washington. A medium to large apple with dark crimson skin. The flesh is whitish yellow.
Fort Umpqua
Fortune A synonym for Laxton's Fortune. A very good North American eating apple with a "spicy" flavor. Fruit large, with an attractive color. Flesh yellow. Subject to bitter pit.
Fort Vancouver
Forty Shillings
Forward (BRJ)
Forward Sour
Forward Streak
Foster's Seedling A surprisingly good-looking Victorian cooking apple, which cooks to a very sharp puree
Fountain Pippin
Fox Hill
Foxwhelp Dusky red skin, flesh is considered bitter sharp. Strictly for cider.
Fraas Zomercalville
Franc Roseau
Franklin Well-colored fruit. Tender, crisp flesh, mild flavor. Resembles shape of Delicious, but far superior in eating quality.
Frauen Rotacher Medium sized fruit with greenish-yellow skin flushed and striped with red and with russet dots. Flesh is firm, crisp, white and fine-textured with a sweet subacid flavor.
Frazier Yellow
Freadman Henery
Freds Redflesh
Freedom Good multi-use apple. Medium to large red fruit on almost invisible yellow skin. Crisp, juicy, sweet, good-tasting flesh. Subacid, sprightly flavor.
Freeman Hybred (redflesh)
Freiherr Von Beriepsch
French Crab
French Pippin
French Reinette
Frequin Audievre
Frequin Lacaille
Frequin Rouge Bitter hard cider
Frequin Tardlve De La Sarthe
Fresh Candy Rick Godsil III planted a McIntosh seedling (at wagon Wheel Orchard) from his Ggrandfather Charles Greuel`s orchard (Macomb, Illinois) in 2005. The apple tastes like tangy candy! Ripens over a long period Sept-Oct.
Frettingham Victoria
Freyberg The sweetness of Golden Delicious married to strong flavour of Cox - but takes after Golden Delicious. Also known as Freyburg.
Fromms Reinette
Fromos De Voinesta
Frostbite One of the first varieties developed by the University of Minnesota, but only released around 2008. Previously known as MN 447. Frostbite has played an important role in the development of many other cold-hardy varieties.
Fuero Rous
Fuji Red
Fuji Spur
Fuji Yakata sport of Fuji, Ripens one month before Fuji
G 22
Gala One of the most widely-grown apple varieties, with a sweet pleasant flavour, and good keeping qualities. 1920s New Zealand. A Kidd`s Orange Red and Golden Delicious cross
Gala Big Red
Gala Grand
Gala Imperial
Gala Kidds D8
Gala Red
Gala Regal
Galarina Small to medium size. Variable reddish coloring over green-yellow (when not fully colored). Some ribbing. Five-pointed calyx end. Smooth, thick, tough skin. Keeps 4+ months in excellent condition, holding flavor better than Gala.
Gala Royal
Gala Scarlet
Gala Spur
Gala Spur Red
Gala Starks Grand
Gala Supreme Similar to Gala with striped red color and a snappy sweet flavor.
Gale Spur Red
Gallia Beauty
Galloway Pippin A good quality Scottish cooking apple.
Gano Fruit has light yellow skin that is striped and flushed red. It turns purple-red upon ripening. Flesh firm, crisp and juicy, subacid flavor.
Garden Fortune CHM
Garden (Gaber)
Garden Green
Garden Royal Very balanced, mild, and subacidic. Light yellow with splashes of orange, green, and red. It is considered by many to be one of the best eating apples of late summer and early autumn. The flesh is firm, very tender, aromatic, and with a delicate, pleasant acid flavor.
Garden Royale Very balanced, mild, and subacidic. Light yellow with splashes of orange, green, and red.  It is considered by many to be one of the best eating apples of late summer and early autumn. The flesh is firm, very tender, aromatic, and with a delicate, pleasant acid flavor.
Garden Sweet
Gardner Kansas Apple A Kansas farmstead seedling
Garland A disease resistant McIntosh type.
Gary Watters Golden
Gascoyne's Scarlet Cider apple producing a pinkish juice.
Gaver Jubilant
Gavin Early attempt to breed a scab-resistant dessert apple, surprisingly good sweet/sharp flavour - an under-rated apple
GDWFI (PI12556990)
Geeveston Fanny
Geheimrath Breuhahan
Genet Moyle
Geneva 163
Geneva Black
Geneva Crab
Geneva Early
Geneva Ontario
Gentry Stripe
George Botner
George Carpenter The color is a brighter yellow and the scarlet more abundant, brighter and deeper.
George Cave A very early English apple, popular as a garden apple variety.
George Dean Old Green
George Nelson
George Stone
George Webster
Gernes Red Acre Glossy deep red skin encloses firm yellow flesh. Good flavor and an excellent keeper. Heat resistant.
Geyser Rose
Ghost Apple Completely white skin and flesh with sweet, sub-acid flavor, a taste pleaser at several fruit tastings. Does well in hot climates. Low-chill, but high chill adaptable. Patented, Zaiger Genetic.
Giant Crab
Giant Russian Crab
Giant Winesap
Gibbs Golden Gage
Gideon Sweet
Gilbert Gold Crisp, juicy, and sweet with more flavor than its parent. Hangs well on the tree.
Gilliflower of Gloucester
Gilpin hard cider
Ginger Gold Golden Delicious X Albemarle Pippin, yellow with red blush, Sweet-tart, firm, crisp. Excellent for eating, baking, and sauce. Slow to oxidize. Keeps 2-3 months in cold storage. Midseason
Gladstone An old English summer apple, dating back to the 1780s, but re-introduced in 1868 by Mr Jackson of Blakedown Nursery as Jackson's Seedling. Renamed Gladstone in 1883.
Glanz Reinette
Glass Apple A synonym for Yellow Transparent.
Glass King
Glass Late Red
Gllpin a cider apple also suitable for dessert use. The flesh is firm, yellow and rich, not fit for eating until mid-winter when it becomes juicy, tender and finely flavored.
Glockenapfel A very old European apple variety with a distinctive bell-like shape.
Gloria Mundi
Gloria Von Holland
Gloriosa (Red Wood)
Glory of Boskoop
Gloster Conic shape, attractive fully red fruit with calyx end shoulder bumps. Larger, mostly 3" diameter. Good flavor, crisp flesh. Tarter flavor than Delicious.
Gloster 69
Gloster Greening
Glow Crab
Glowing Coal
Glowing Heart
GMAL 1389
Gold Blush
Gold Boy Giant
Gold Canel
Gold Egg
Golden 42
Golden Ball
Golden Banana
Golden Bittersweet
Golden Cedar Apple
Golden Delicious Undoubtedly one of the most important apple varieties of the 20th century, both as a commercial variety in its own right, and as breeding stock for many other varieties. Very good flavor when home-grown.
Golden Delicious Gibson
Golden Delicious Improved
Golden Delicious Razor
Golden Delicious Smoothie
Golden Delicious Yakamaspur
Golden Earl Very hard, yellow apple. The flesh is very coarse and dryish. The flavor has components of both Honeygold and Haralson with the crunchiness of Northwestern Greening. Interesting traits of this apple are the ripeness bumps and deep calyx.
Golden Early
Golden Fortune
Golden Gem
Golden Glo
Golden Glory
Golden Haralson Gold apple with pink blush on side of apple facing the sun. Taste similar to Haralson - mildly tart.
Golden Harvest
Golden Harvey Intense, sweet, sharp-flavored russet apple famous for strong cider.
Golden Hornet Bitter hard cider
Golden Improved
Golden Jorden
Golden Mellon
Golden Noble A sweet-flavoured cooking apple, and a good tree for the garden.
Golden Nugget A small, broadly conical, long-stemmed predominately yellow fruit with orange streaks and splashes. Crisp, juicy flesh with extra sweet, rich, mellow flavor. Fine for eating out of hand, excellent for pies, sauce and apple butter. Short keeping life.
Golden Pearmain An extremely good eating apple of medium size and rather flat form. The skin is rough with a large portion of bright russet mingled with red toward the sun when fully ripe. The flesh is rich, tender and rather dry. It is a good uniform bearer. Valuable for cider and for family use.
Golden Pippin Yellow colored with a sharp, intense fruity flavor. 1629 Sussex, England, Medium size fruit. Shape intermediate, rectangular to truncate-conic, convex, not ribbed. Skin golden with a deeper tinge, dotted with russet and white. Flesh firm, crisp, yellow. Flavor sweet, subacid, rich, good for cider and dessert. Ripens Sept.
Golden Precoce
Golden Reinette A very old variety, popular in 18th and 19th centuries, a pleasant mild dry flavour.
Golden Russet Golden Russet is usually considered as one of the best-flavored of the American russet apples. New Jersey 1700s.
Golden Spire A good quality yellow cooking apple.
Golden Spires Crab
Golden Square
Golden Sunset
Golden Supreme Yellow with pink blush, medium to large fruit, ideally conic but often somewhat oblate. White to light-cream colored flesh is firm, moderately crisp, and juicy to very juicy. The flavor is sweet to mildly sweet and pleasant with little or no detectable acid.
Golden Sweet Dessert and excellent sauce apple. Good for cider. Medium-large pale yellow fruit with very sweet, juicy, rich flavor.
Golden Uralian
Golden Winesap
Goldfinch Crab
Goldgelb 55544
Goldjon Carlton 35F
Gold Medal
Goldo 1066
Goldreinette V. (Caziz)
GoldRush A modern disease-resistant apple variety related to Golden Delicious, with crisp hard flesh and a good sugar / acid balance.
Gold Spur
Good Green
Goodland Excellent eating apple and a delicious and aromatic sauce apple. Roundish red and yellow fruit. Flesh crisp, juicy, tender.
Goof A round, medium sized apple, pale green overlaid with deep purplish-red, and faint yellow streaks. White flesh is crisp, juicy and moderately subacid.
Goolsby Cider hard Cider
Goose Apple
Goose Pasture
Gordon Larson
Goude Reinette
Gragg disease resistant tree, native to NC mountans
Graham Spy
Grand Duke Constantine Sharp or Bittersharp Cider
Grandma (Cope)
Grandma Greuels Crabapple
Grand Mother Cheese
Grand Pap
Grandpas Cider
Granges Pearmain
Granite Beauty
Granite Belt 63 43
Granny Barns
Granny Goldsmith
Granny Layne
Granny Mac
Granny Morgan
Granny Neighbors
Granny Rogers
Granny Shan
Granny Smith The most instantly-recognised of all apples, and perhaps Australia's most famous export.
Granny Smith Red
Grav. Chitwood
Grav. Early
Grav. East Coast
Gravenstein A very old apple of European origin believed to have originated in the 1600's with Duke Augustenberg of Castle Graefenstein ( Gravenstein) in Germany. It was introduced into the United States in the 1820's by Russian settlers moving into California. An oblong or lopsided fruit having bright yellow skin with a pinkish-orange flush and light red striping. The creamy yellow flesh is tender, crisp, juicy, and aromatic. A triploid, which means it has three sets of 17 chromosomes. Triploids produce very little viable pollen and cannot be used as pollinators. For their own successful pollination and good crops they need at least one or two diploids. Ripens July to August in most areas and is not a good keeper.
Gravenstein Black
Gravenstein Blood Red
Gravenstein Candy Stripe
Gravenstein Millers NY
Gravenstein October
Gravenstein Red
Gravenstein Rosebrook
Gravenstein Schwarts
Gravenstein Sheets
Gravenstein Solid Red
Gravenstein Striped
Gravenstein Washington
Gravenstein Washington Red
Gravenstein Winter
Gravenstein Worthen
Gravenstein Yellow
Grav. Fall
Grav. Fred
Grav. Green
Grav. Late
Grav. New York
Grav. Solid Red (J.R.)
Grav. Starr
Gray Pearmain
Gray Pippin
Greasy Coat
Greasy Pippin
Greasy Skin (Green)
Greasy Sweet
Great Unknown
Green Balsam A 19th century variety grown in a small part of the county of North Yorkshire, and known as "the farmer's wife's apple".
Green Bellflower
Green Brown Keeper
Green Buckingham
Green Cheese
Green Chisel
Green Harvey An old green dual-purpose apple with a sweet-sharp flavour. This is probably not related to Harvey or Golden Harvey varieties.
Green Horse (Plum Tree)
Green Keeper
Green Lane
Greenmeadows Coxs Orange 1163
Green Newtown Pippin
Green Peak Spy 1
Green Pearmain
Green Pippin
Green River
Green Russet a highly praised apple from south of Stony Point, NC; large, green with streaks of russet, tart, ripe early September, for pies and applesauce
Green Sheepnose
Green Skin (Fender)
Green Skin Pippin
Green Skin Sweet
Greensleeves A good garden apple, with a pleasant but unexceptional flavour.
Green Sweet A desirable late keeping apple excellent for either eating or culinary use. It holds it's flavor and remains crisp, brittle and juicy until spring. Skin grass-green becoming a pretty yellow with a thin brownish red blush in highly colored specimens. Flesh greenish-white, tender, fine grained, juicy, very sweet.
Green Witch
Grenadier If you want an early-season English cooking apple, this is the one - good flavour for all sorts of culinary uses, very easy to grow, and crops well.
Griifith Gold
Grimes Golden Great historical interest as the probable parent of Golden Delicious, with similar sweet flavour and good keeping qualities, and widely planted during early 20th century.
Grimes Late
Grise Dieppois
Gris Pontoise
Grissom Golden Pippin
Groniger Kroen
Gros Api
Gros Bois
Gros Frequin
Grosse Launette
Grosse Mouche
Gross Richard
Grots Liebling
Grove Fruit is medium large, conic in shape, having a dull finish, striped orange-red over yellow green. The flesh is pale cream color, very sweet and juicy.
Gruzhovka of Moscow
Gypsy Gold
H 53-F 15-16
Haas Green-yellow ribbed fruit with red stripes. Tender white flesh sometimes stained red. Qunce-like texture.
Hadlock ReinetteHahns Seedling
Halberstadte Jungefernapfel
Half Acre
Hall “Southern nurseries widely sold this great tasting apple which is smaller and a late good keeper, green with red; this apple had been most frequently mentioned in Tennessee at the base of the Blue Ridge Mountains; but I finally found a tree in Alexander Co., NC.”
Hall Keeper
Halls Pink
Hambledon Deux Ans Sharp or Bittersharp Cider
Hampshire Fruits are large and uniformly round to oblate with 100% red blush with little striping. Skin is thin and tough, flesh creamy white, slow to discolor. Subacid, yet mildly sweet, sprightly, good aromatics. Has excellent storage life.
Hampshire Beauty A synonym for Beauty of Hampshire.
Hanbury A synonym for Langton's Nonsuch.
Hanners Hybred (Giant)
Hanns Seedling
Hansens #2
Hansons Red Flesh
Hans Trio
Hanwell Souring
Haralred Selection of Red Haralson. Earlier, redder, and sweeter, without the common russeting problem many Haralsons have. Juicy, tart, firm flesh. Good keeper. Haralred is the tradename, the variety name is Lautz.
Haralson Good baking, eating and cider apple. Flesh is crisp, juicy, firm. Mildly tart flavor, not acid. Holds its shape and texture in baking. Retains good flavor in keeping. Malinda X Wealthy, yellow and red striped, Vigorous and productive tree. Firm, white flesh. Mild, pleasant taste; good for cooking and cider. Moderate resistance to fireblight. Late-midseason
Harcourt Fair quality.
Hardy Cumberland
Hargraves Greensweet
Harolds Large
Harrison cider
Harry Masters Jersey A traditional English cider apple variety, producing a bittersweet juice.
Hartwell Soaring
Harvest Gold
Hauer Pippin Large, crisp, hard, juicy, tasty, tart apple
Haunted House
Hauxapfel Known as a cider apple, very good for cooking and baking. Excellent eating for those who enjoy a crisp, tart apple. Medium to large fruit. Red stripes over green skin.
Hawaii Gourmet dessert apple with a flavor and aroma like pineapple. Large, yellow fruit with light pinkish orange striping gives overall orange appearance. Exceptionally sweet flavor is largely influenced by Gravenstein.
Hawkeye Delicious This is the original Delicious, the one that earned the name. This genuine original strain of the world's most widely grown apple has never been improved on as far as eating quality is concerned, superior to all spur types. 1870 Iowa (town of peru) on the farm of Jesse Hiatt.
Hawkeye Greening
Hawley Large fruit with smooth, waxy skin, greenish yellow in color with an inconspicuous brown blush.   Russet dots and flecks cover most of the surface, especially toward the cavity and the stem is about 3/4" long in a wide, deep cavity. The flesh is yellowish white, fine-grained, soft, juicy and subacid.
Hayes Green
Hayes Orange
Hayherst Gold
Hayne's Seedling Excellent quality and a fine keeper. Green shading to pale yellow when ripe.
Haywood June
Hazen Large round dark red fruit. Greenish yellow, medium firm, juicy, very sweet flesh; mildly subacid flavor. Pleasant for eating, good dessert and cooking apple. Named after both the nearby town of Hazen, and Dean Arlon Hazen, the Director of the North Dakota Experiment Station. Duchess X Starking Delicious, red, Produces a naturally semi-dwarfed tree. Pleasant taste, flesh firm juicy, slightly coarse grained. Similar to Beacon. Early to early-midseason
Hedwigiae (Red Wood)
Helmsley Market
Hendrick Sweet
Henrietta Crosby
Henry Clay Yellow and red fruit is similar to Yellow Transparent. Medium size, shaped flat to intermediate. Ribbed at eye and on the body, often asymmetric. Skin green with pinkish orange flush, russet dots and occasional russet patches. Flesh is soft, juicy, greenish white, flavor slightly acid.
Henry Mortons Banana
Henrys Golden Keeper
H.E.R 3T166
Hereford Redstreak hard cider
Herefordshire Beefing
Herefordshire Redstreak An old English cider variety producing a bittersharp juice. Although grown commercially in the 18th century, it was almost unknown by the mid-19th century. The Improved Redstreak variety in the UK National Fruit Collection is assumed to be an example of the original variety.
Herefordshire Russet A modern take on the classic Egremont Russet, keeps the sweetness but has a slightly richer more aromatic flavour and slightly less russeting.
Herrings Pippin Excellent eating and cooking apple. Fruit large, deep green, colored crimson on one side. Flesh crisp but tender when ripe. Spicy flavor, pleasing aroma.
Hews Crab aka Virginia Crab, used in cider, produces a high quality one variety juice
Heyer 12 Russian, greenish yellow, Super hardy. Fruit medium size, juicy, acid, moderately coarse. Good for sauce and pies. Tree very vigorous, does well where few other varieties survive. Bears at young age. Early to early-midseason
Heyer 2
Heyer 20 Medium to medium large yellowish green apple with a crisp, juicy, sweet flavor.
Heyer 6
H.F.R. (Perdue)
Hidden Rose A synonym for Airlie Red Flesh. Airlie, Oregon. Marketed later as Hidden Rose and this is now the most popular name. Medium sized conical apple with pink to red mottled flesh and a yellowish skin. One of the best red fleshed varieties. Ripens mid September in Kansas.
Hightop Sweet
High Yellow
Hillieri Crab
Himbeerapfel Aus Holowaus
Histon Favourite One of a number of apple varieties developed by the Chivers family, who owned a well-known jam manufacturing business in Histon, Cambridgeshire. Histon Favourite is a late-season eating apple, which according to Taylor achieved "medium prices only" in local markets.
Hoary Morning Sharp or Bittersharp Cider
Hog Pen
Hog Sweet This ia a very old southern mountain apple. Once thought to be extinct, this apple is yellow in color, very sweet and would be good to mix with tart apples in making cider. This apple would also be fine for eating out of hand, if you like a sweet apple. Ripens from late July to early August.
Hokuto Fruit is large, round in shape with red stripes on a yellowish background. Pale yellow flesh with high sugar and excellent flavor.
Holaart Doux
Holiday High quality fine flavored eating apple. It has inherited the good eating qualities of it's parents with the rich flavor of Jonathan and the white juicy flesh of Macoun. Shiny bright red over yellow skin with a prominent dotting.
Hollander Prinz
Holland Pippin A synonym for Broad-eyed pippin.
Holland Winter
Hollow Log This flavorful and colorful apple originated in Rutherford County, North Carolina at an unknown date. It is a very late bloomer thus escaping most late spring frosts. As described by Valdesian Nurseries of Bostic, NC, in the 1920’s, it is a “large fruit, deep yellow in color, tender, crisp, very juicy and with a most delicious, aromatic, spicy flavor.” Ripens late June and can be picked into August.
Hollow Stem
Holly Large outstandingly beautiful apple has the color of the holly berry. Its shape is conic, sometimes having a blockish appearance. The glossy skin is evenly blushed with pinkish to deep, solid red. The creamy white flesh is mild in flavor, juicy and quite sweet, similar to Delicious. It keeps well until January. Fruit hangs well on the tree.
Holstein 1918 Hamburg, Germany. Holstein is an open-pollinated seedling of Cox Orange Pippin. It is a medium size, somewhat russeted, deep yellow fruit with a reddish-orange blush. Very juicy and aromatic with intense flavor.
Homer Wards China Doll
Home Sweet
Honey Ball An early cider variety of unknown origin. Very sweet and slightly astringent in flavor.
Honey Child
Honey Cider In the mid-1970s famed apple collector Elwood Fisher found this apple growing in the Shenandoah Valley in Virginia. A great cider and dessert apple.
Honeycomb Sweet
Honeycrisp Sometimes marketed as Honey Crisp or Honeycrunch, this is a crisp, and predominantly sweet, modern variety from the USA. It was developed by the University of Minnesota specifically for growers in cold climates, and is one of the most cold-hardy of apple varieties. Macoun X Honeygold.
Honeycrunch A synonym for Honeycrisp.
Honeygold Hardy substitute for Golden Delicious developed especially for cold northern areas. Golden Delicious flavor, Haralson hardiness. Medium to large golden to greenish fruit with very smooth finish and reddish bronze blush. Flavor is sweeter and more bland than Golden Delicious. High quality. Superior storage qualities. Haralson X Golden Delicious
Honey Gold North Pole
Honey Pippin An English Cox-style apple, said to have a "honeyed" flavour.
Honey Sweet (Honey Cider) In the mid-1970’s famed apple collector, Elwood Fisher, discovered this apple growing in the Shenandoah Valley in Virginia. Fruit is medium-sized with pale yellow skin flushed with light pink. The flesh is firm, juicy and very sweet. The tree has an open, spreading growth habit and requires little pruning. The fruit exhibits excellent disease resistance. A great cider and dessert apple. Ripens in August.
Hoople's Antique Gold Stripes against a yellow background, sometimes russeted, medium to large size with russeting. Rich, lightly aromatic flavor, juicy sweet flesh with excellent flavor.
Hopa Crab
Horneburger Pancake A synonym for Horneburger Pfannkuchen.
Horneburger Pfannkuchen A good quality late-season German culinary apple.
Horse Greenish yellow in color usually with a pink blush. The fruit is medium to large. It is very tart until fully ripened. Firm white flesh white stained red. A little tough, sprightly, subacid, aromatic. A widely grown apple most likely originating in North Carolina before 1800. More than any other apple, most older southerners remember the Horse apple. There are several reasons for its widespread popularity. The tree is healthy, grows rapidly, produces large crops of big apples in the middle of summer, makes good cider, and cooks well. The Horse has a flavor unlike others. It is uniquely tart and will disappoint those who like sweet or hard apples. It is however, unforgettable. Fruit size is medium to large, yellow when ripe, possibly red on the sunny side. Flesh is yellow, soft (sometimes firm), and briskly subacid. Ripens late July into August.
Horse Shoe
Hotle Rome
Howard Surprise
Howgate Wonder Very large cooker, not great flavour when cooked but excellent sharp juice
Hua Guan
Hubbard's Pearmain
Hubbardston Nonesuch Large, rugged fruit with red skin, highlight of gold. Flesh hard, crisp yet fine-grained. Sprightly and rich flavor, becoming sweeter when fully ripe.
Huberts Snow
Hudson's Golden Gem Excellent eating apple. Large conical and elongated fruit. Dull yellow russet skin. Crisp, sugary flesh with nutty flavor.
Hue Guan
Humboldt Crab
Hundred Dollar medium to large, round and slightly pointed, smooth yellow skin, tart, ripe September. Originally this tree was purchased from a traveling sales person in Haywood Co., NC in the 1930s.
Hunter Melba 4X
Hunter Ottowa
Hunter Sandow 2-4-4
Hunter Sparton 2-4-4
Hunter Spy 2 4 4
Hunthouse A particularly hardy and productive old cooking apple, originating from the north east coast of Yorkshire.
Hunt Russet Fruit medium sized, golden russet with broken patches of smooth bright red on the cheek. It is quite attractive for a russet apple, excellent in quality and a good keeper. Known to keep in root cellars over a year.
Hurgraver Weinapfel
Husk Spice
Husk Sweet
Hybred Aus Mlevewo
Hyde King
Hyslop Crab red to dark red, White flowers. Yellow-fleshed red crab, good for culinary purposes. Tree upright, vigorous and precocious. Mid to Late season
Ice so named because of its clear almost translucent whitish color; a beautiful large apple with a very “clean” tart taste; found in Iredell Co., NC, ripe in August.
Ice Cream
Idared Idared is notable for its exceptional keeping qualities. It has a pleasant mild but undistinguished apple flavor.
Ikorocavka Alaja
Imperial Battleford
Imperial Red
Imperial Stayman
Improved Bevan
Improved Dove Bittersweet Cider
Improved Foxwhelp
Improved Lambrook Pippin
Improved Winesap
Improved Winterjon
Inanoaklin Sweet
Indian Magic Crab
Indian Summer
Indo A very sweet variety from Japan.
Ingram Originated before 1855 by Martin Ingram near Springfield, Missouri. Probably a seedling of the old Virginia apple Ralls Janet. Sold by southern nurseries from 1902-1926.
Ingrid Marie A Cox-style apple from Denmark, quite popular in northern Europe.
Initial Initial is an early/mid-season disease-resistant variety from France, related to Gala.
Iowa Beauty
Iowa Blush
Irish Peach A very early season apple, thought to come from Ireland, and a popular garden variety in the UK. Irish seedling X Yellow Transparent
Iron Black
Isayevs Desertny1
Island Dream
Islay Pippin
Isle of Wight Pippin Smallish flat fruit; orange flush, some russet. Flesh tinted green; scented. early flowering but matures late. Sweet-sharp Nonpareil taste. Used in ciders in the 1800s.
Itzstedster Apfel Pastel yellow with pastel pink cheek. Quite unusual, sweet-tart flavor with a hint of almond.
Iva Crab
Ivorys Double Vigour
Jack King
Jacks Large Russet
Jacks Long Keeper
Jackson's Seedling A synonym for Gladstone.
Jacks Red Gloss
Jacobs English Codlin
Jacobs Sweet
Jade They hang on the tree well into Winter, increasing in sweetness. Jade's virtue lies in its clean brisk flavor with a note of citrus, and very crisp breaking flesh. It's a treat after holiday meals and also makes a fine cider, straight or blended.
Jaeghers Reinette
Jakes Seedling Our friend and fellow apple collector, Lee Calhoun, obtained this apple from Herbert Childress of Kentucky who himself is a collector of heirloom apples. The apple originated in Russell County, Kentucky, on the farm of J. B. Garner. For many years this apple was a county fair prize winner for “Best Apple”. Fruit is medium, slightly conical and somewhat flattened on the ends. The smooth skin is yellowish with a red blush on the sunny side, sometimes entirely red. The greenish-white flesh is crisp. Fine-grained and juicy. Ripens in August.
Jakob Fischer
James Grieve A versatile cooking apple, excellent for juice, and widely used in breeding programmes.
James Grieve Red Rosamun?
James Kirk
Janet Moyle
Jan Steen
Jaune Lu Desert
Jay Darling
Jazz Proof that supermarket apples are no longer bland and boring, Jazz has crisp flesh with a superb rich peardrop flavor.
J C Plum
J Doolings Bonsai
Jeff Cox
Jefferies Choice early fall apple. Thin-skinned fruit, light red with darker red stripes. Flesh is juicy, crisp yet melting. Rich, pear-like flavor.
Jefferis A synonym for Jefferies.
Jelly Flower A truly wonderful apple with a wonderful name, also called Jellyflower Sweet; very large, conical, light golden yellow, almost sweet, ripe October, for general purpose usage; found in Haywood Co., NC, also mentioned in Jackson Co, NC.
Jenner Sweet Fameuse X crab, yellow-red stripes, Good flavored, sweet apple. Similar to Fameuse. Early-midseason
Jenny Beauty
Jersey Black
Jersey Mac Medium sized red apple with yellow/green splashes. Flesh is crisp and juicy with a tart flavor. Does not store well.
Jersey Red
Jersey Sweet
Jesse Applegate
Jesse Hall
Jester An attractive unpretentious apple, crisp and refreshing, nice flavour but rather bland.
Jewel Duchess
Jewets Red (Nodhead)
Jim Dandy
Jim Kell Thin Skin
Jin Guang
J J Big Leaf Yellow
Joe Omalley Gold
Joe Omalley Green
Johannes Bottner
John Apple
John Conner
John Long
Johnny Appleseed
Johnny Cheese
Johnny Nocore
Johnny Voun An old English apple variety, possibly from Devon / Cornwall, possibly a cider apple variety.
John Ryan
Johnson Keeper
Johnsons Fine Winter Neverfail
John Standish
John Wallace
Jonadel Solid medium fruit, orange red streaked color. Flesh is yellowish white and fine grained.
Jonafree Medium size, bright red, fully or nearly fully colored. Flavor is Jonathan-like, but less acid. Keeps 10 weeks.
Jonagold A very popular commercial variety, with a good flavour. Inherits many of the good qualities of its parents Jonathan and Golden Delicious.
Jonagold Daliguy
Jonagold Nicobel
Jonagold Red
Jonagold Rubinstar
Jonagold Wilmuta
Jonagored Conical shaped apple with streaky red blush, crackled with russet that masks large tan lenticels. Light Yellow green flesh. Very juicy and sweet, tempered with a little tartness.
Jonagrimes As the name suggests, Jonagrimes is a cross between Jonathan and Grimes Golden.
Jonalicious The perfect combination of sugar and spice - taste of Red Delicious and the tart freshness of Jonathan. A crisp texture makes it ideal for eating, cooking or fresh eating. Keeps extremely well. 2½ to 3 inch fruit is bright red with yellow under color.
Jonamac Medium size, firm fruit with 90% dark red color over greenish background. Flesh firm, crisp, high quality with flavor similar to McIntosh. Jonathan X McIntosh.
Jonared Flavor similar to Jonath
Jonathan A classic American variety, and widely regarded as one of the best flavoured with a good sweet/sharp balance. A precocious and productive tree in US apple-growing regions.
Jonathan Black
Jonathan Disease Resistant
Jonathan Double Red
Jonathan King Red
Jonathan Nured
Jonathan Smith
Jonathan Welday
Jones Favorite
Jonwin It has the crisper texture of the Baldwin combined with the Jonathan's distinctive aromatic flavor, and is a brighter red than either.
Jordan Russet Juicy, hard, red russet. Excellent keeper. Very winter hardy. Makes delicious cider.
Jorgenson Pippin
Jos Musch
Joyce McIntosh X Liveland Raspberry, yellow washed crimson, Juicy, white-fleshed, aromatic. Somewhat similar to McIntosh. Mid to late midseason
Joys Delight
J-TE-B (Czec)
Jubilee One of the lesser-known McIntosh-style apples. A synonym for September Wonder Fuji.
Juicy June Sweet
Juicy Queen
July August Go No Further
July Delicious
July Red Very attractive, large, red fruit. Strongly scented with vinous or loganberry flavor; sweet, soft, juicy, white flesh.
July Stripe (Nerela)
July Tart
Jumbo Stark
Jumbo (TB)
Jumbo Yellow Delicious
Junaluska Medium to large, round to slightly flattened, dull yellow with streaks of russet, some occasional red blush, yellow flesh, ripe October. A historic apple associated with the famous Cherokee, Chief Junaluska.
Junami A new bi-coloured apple from Switzerland, quite similar to Elstar in appearance.
June Park
June Pink
June Red
June Stripe
June Sweeting
June Wealthy
Jungs Golden Russet
Jupiter <div class="varietyscore-varieties" itemprop="aggregateRating" itemscope="" itemtype="
J.W. Day
Kaiser Wilhelm
Kakama River Red
Kalei A recent disease-resistant introduction from Australia, derived from Gala.
Kandil Kitaika
Kandil Sinap Tall cylindrical apple. Creamy, yellow porcelain-like skin with red blush. Crisp, juicy, fine-textured flesh, excellent flavor.
Kanipe 1
Kanipe 3 Yellow
Kanipe 4
Kanipe 5
Kanipe 7
Kanipe 8
Kanipe A
Kanipe B
Kanipe C
Kanipe D
Kanipe E
Kanipe F
Kanipe G
Kanipe H
Kanipe J
Kanipe L
Kanipe RedFlesh
Kansas Black
Kansas K14
Kanzi A great modern dessert variety, derived from Braeburn.
Kardinal Bea
Karin Schneider A red-colored sport of Ingrid Marie. Medium large fruit, yellow skinned with crimson. Sweet, aromatic flavor.
Karmijn de Sonnaville A Cox-style apple from the Netherlands, very attractive autumnal colours, and the potential for very good flavor. Netherlands 1949, Rich, robust flavor with masses of sugar and acidity and crisp juicy flesh. One of the strongest-flavored apples comparable to Ashmead's Kernel. Apples red or with red flush.
Karobovka Polosatoje
Karski Reinette
Kasslers Reinette
Katte Cop
Katy A very attractive and easy-to-grow early apple variety from Sweden, properly called Katya - Katy is the anglicised name.
Katya A synonym for Katy.
KAZ. 93-44-03
Kazakhstan 93-19-02
Kazakhstan 93-42-01
Kazakhstan 93-43-01
Keegans Crab
Keener Seedling
Keepsake Unattractive, irregularly shaped, 2.25 to 2.75 inch diameter, 90% red fruit. Fine grained, hard, very crisp, juicy light yellow flesh. Strongly aromatic flavor. Very hardy. Mellows with age. Attains peak fresh eating quality in January or February. Keeps in storage through April. Frostbite X Northern Spy
Keller Weech
Kellog Grange Winesap
Kelly 1
Kelly 3
Kelly Red Crab
Kellys Jumbo
Kellys Seedling
Kellys White Crab
Kelsey Crab
Kennedy Pear Shaped
Kent Greenish-yellow fruit that is flushed and striped red. Crisp, white flesh that is juicy with a sweet-sharp and aromatic flavor.
Kentish Fillbasket A 19th century English cooker, "first rate quality" according to Hogg, and as the name suggests, a very large apple
Kermerrien French Douce Amere (Sweet Bitter) Cider Apple. Vigorous and cold hardy.
Kerr Red
Kerry's Irish Pippin Sometimes referred to as Kerry Pippin or Kerry Irish Pippin. The firm flesh offers a nice balance of acidity and sugar along with a rich, densely fruity flavour. The Kerry Irish Pippin apple has a crisp, crunchy, hard flesh has an intriguing flavor which, after much discussion and tasting, we can only characterize as a hint of boysenberry.
Keswick Codlin An old but ever-popular early-season English cooking apple.
Keukelaar Greening
Keystone Red
Kidd's Orange Red Marries the complex aromatic qualities of English Cox apples with the scented flavour of American Delicious. A good apple for the gardener as well.
Kiku A red-sport of Fuji, grown primarily in Italy.
King Charles Pearmain An attractive 19th century pearmain-shaped apple with a dull golden yellow skin. The flesh is firm, fairly juicy, and strongly flavoured.
King Cole Bright red Jonathan flush, smooth skinned dessert variety. Good brisk tasting fruit, keeps until January.
King Cox
King David A good quality American apple variety, notable for its resistance to fireblight. Orginiated around 1893 in Washington County, Arkansas. It is thought to be a cross between a Jonathan and a Winesap. It is very disease resistant (fireblight, cedar apple rust, and scab) and it is a late bloomer. The fruit ripens in late August and is mostly tart.
King Edward VII
King Harry
King Lammers
King Luscious Very large apple. Streaky, somewhat dull red over yellow green. Yellowish-white, fine-grained, crisp and juicy flesh. Greenish-yellow overlaid with red. The flesh is yellowish-white, fine-grained, crisp and juicy. Flavorful, great for baking or cooking. Late ripening. N Carolina, 1935
King of the Pippins A good early/mid-season dual-purpose variety, thought to originate from 18th century France (where it is known as Reine de Reinettes) but widely grown in England since Victorian times.
King of Tompkins County An old American variety from New Jersey. The fruit is very large, and keeps well.
King Pippin
King Red Jonathon
Kings Acre
Kings Acre Bountiful
King's Acre Pippin A good late-season English dessert apple, with a strong flavour. Keeps well.
Kingsmere Crab
King Solomon
Kingston Black An important English hard-cider apple variety, producing a bittersharp juice.
Kinnards Choice This Tennessee apple originated in about 1855. In 1896, a prominent orchardist called it the finest apple grown in middle Tennessee. It is perhaps the most attractive apple in my orchard, having a dark red color. Fruit size is medium to large usually with unequal sides. The flesh is yellow, crisp (tender if over ripe), juicy, aromatic, and mildly subacid. Ripens in September and October.
Kinsei Large blushed yellow apple that is sweet and firm. Some calyx russetting can occur in warmer districts. Storage is rated excellent.
Kirks Seedling
Kirton Pippin A synonym for Broad-eyed pippin.
Kiser Wilhelm
Kismards Choice
Kitaika Saninsltaia
Kitaika Zolataia
Kizll Alma
Knobbed Russet Deep russet with bumps and knobs, Crisp, rich, high quality for eating or cider. High sugar content. Late ripening
Knottey Pea
Koidu Reinett
Kokko Strain 2
Kola crabapple, Elk River X Duchess, green, Primarily an ornamental; matures to a large, rounded shape with maple-shaped leaves that turn a beautiful red in the Fall. Large green crabapple has a lovely aroma and high tannins. Late-midseason
Koldu Renett
Kooms Wealthy
Kootenay River Pearmaln
Kootenay River Red
Korea Wild Crab Apple
Korichnoe Novae K23938
Korichnoe Polo Satoue
Korobovka Polosatoje
Krievu Rosmarins
Kuldzhinka Kpupnoplod
Kulon Kitaika
Kummer Cox
Kurosch Sibirica x Bellfeur
Lady Apple Lady, or Api, is an old French apple variety with a good aromatic flavor, and many decorative uses.
Lady Blush
Lady Eve
Lady Finger
Lady Finger of Offaly
Lady Henniker A well-regarded large late-season Victorian apple variety, primarily a cooker.
Lady Hollendale An attractive crimson-striped early-season English apple, originating in East Anglia.
Lady in Red A synonym for Pink Lady.
Ladys Finger of Lancaster
Lady Skin
Ladys Sweeting
Lady Sudeley A well-known and attractive English early-season apple from the late Victorian era.
Lady Washington
Lady Williams An attractive red flushed Australian apple of uncertain parentage, but with excellent keeping qualities.
La Fame
Lakeland Medium sized fruit dark red striped. Flesh is yellow sometimes slightly tinged with red. Fine textured, juicy, and mildly acid. Excellent for pies and sauce. Good all-purpose apple. Good keeper, keeping until December.
Lamb Abbey Pearmain 1804 England, Seedling of Newtown Pippin. Small to medium size red striped fruit. Crisp, juicy, sugary, yellowish white flesh. Excellent flavor, ripens in September.
Lambert Colville
Lambert Krymsk 5
Lambrook Pippin
Lancashire Pippin
Landsberger Reinette
Lane's Prince Albert A classic Victorian English cooking apple, and remains a popular garden variety.
Lange Bellefleur
Langley Pippin
Langton's Nonsuch An old English variety, originating in Church Langton, Leicestershire, from which its name derives.
Lanny Sweet
La Paix
Lare Queen
Large Fruited Crab
Large Yellow Siberian
Larrys Pride
La Salle
Las O'Gowrie
Late Harrison Medium in size and round to oblong in shape, the yellow skin has black dots, and the yellow flesh is coarse and dry. This is NOT the Harrison apple. Named after Al Harrison. Large, oblong, green, Susceptable to red spot. Pick in early September while still green and ripen in the crisper until Christmas, when they turn bright yellow and sweet, and the flesh is very crisp and juicy. Do not ripen on the tree, because they won't taste good! Discovered in a fencerow accross the road from Al's orchard in Salem, OR.
Late Strawberry
Late Transparent
Laura Ellis
Laura Red
Lawsons Codllng
Lawsons Seedling
Lawyer (Lawver)
Laxton's Epicure A synonym for Epicure.
Laxton's Fortune A popular English Cox-style variety, with a sweeter flavour and easier to grow, raised by the famous Laxton Bros. nursery in Bedford, UK. A medium round to conical apple, with attractive red stripes when ripe. Extremely juicy and sweet; ready mid-September and stores to early November. One of the best flavoured English apples. Trees sometimes appear unhealthy through lack of vigour, but little trouble with disease.
Laxtons Herold
Laxtons Leader
Laxtons Pioneer
Laxtons Reward
Laxtons Royalty
Laxton's Superb The definitive late Victorian dessert apple, firm, Cox-style but sweeter, understated but very "more-ish".
Leafland Greening
Leather Coat Medium, golden-yellow skin covered with russeting. Sweet-sharp intense flavor.
Leathercoat Russet
Le Bret
Lee 16
Lee 21
Lehigh Greening
Lemans Large
Lemon Pippin Good for drying. Small, yellow dotted fruit with greenish-white, crisp, acid flesh.
Lemon Roy
Lemon Twig
Leonard Transparent
Lewis Green
Lewis Incomparable
Liaofu (China)
Libee 1
Liberty Liberty is a hybrid apple cultivar developed by the New York State Agricultural Experiment Station. It was a seedling produced in 1955 from pollinating 'Macoun' from 'Purdue 54-12' for the sake of acquiring Malus floribunda disease resistances. It was first released to the public in 1978.
Liestnaya Anoinoffku
Limbertwig Medium size and deep or dull red color. Flesh is yellowish, hard, aromatic.
Limbertwig Alberta
Limbertwig American
Limbertwig Ashford
Limbertwig Black
Limbertwig Brushy Mt
Limbertwig Caney
Limbertwig Carolina
Limbertwig Fall
Limbertwig Green
Limbertwig Hanging Dog
Limbertwig Kentucky
Limbertwig Levering
Limbertwig Little
Limbertwig Mountain
Limbertwig Myers Green
Limbertwig Myers Royal
Limbertwig Nanthailia Red
Limbertwig Red
Limbertwig Royal Red
Limbertwig Ruby
Limbertwig Rusty Coat
Limbertwig Seedling
Limbertwig Slattons
Limbertwig Slemp
Limbertwig Smokey Mountain
Limbertwig Summer
Limbertwig Summer Yellow
Limbertwig Sweet
Limbertwig Swiss
Limbertwig Victoria Sweet
Limbertwig Virginia
Limbertwig Watts
Limbertwig Weavers Red
Limbertwig White
Limbertwig Yellow
Limelight Developed by UK apple breeder H. Ermen, based on the Greensleeves apple from East Malling Research Station.
Limoni di Casina From Italy - name translates as Lemons of Casina
Lincolnville Russet
Lindamac One hundred percent red, otherwise same as McIntosh.
Linda Sweet
Lindsay Russet
Litevsky Jadernac
Lith Pippin
Lithuanian Apricot
Little Benny
Little Pax A new English apple variety, recently discovered at St. Cecilia's Abbey on the Isle of Wight.
Little Rose Blush
Liveland Strawberry (Liveland Rasberry?) Russian, Yellow with blush, Large, round and tender white-fleshed fruit. Good for sauce. Early ripening
Livi Shampan
Lloyds Russet Seedling
Lobo A McIntosh-style apple from Canada, generally believed to be better all-round than its parent. Large apple with fine-textured white flesh, good quality for eating and baking. Sells well at roadside stands. Tree bears at a young age. Eatrly-midseason
Lodi An attractive yellow early-season apple with a sharp flavor, best used for cooking. Very similar to Yellow Transparent, but larger and stores better. Montgomery X Yellow Transparent.
Lodi spur type
Lombart's Calville Medium-large yellow fruit. Sweet, juicy, rich flavor.
London Pippin
Long Green
Longney Russet
Long One
Long Reinette
Long Stem
Lonnies Big Red
Lonnies Summer Giant
Loop Giant Spy
Loop Red Spy
Loop Rome 2-2-2-4
Loop Russet Baldwin
Loop Spy 2244
Loop Wealthy 2244
Lord Burghley A well-regarded Victorian winter dessert apple, and an excellent keeper.
Lord Derby A popular good-quality English cooking apple of the Victorian era.
Lord Hindlip A versatile English dessert variety from the late Victorian era, and one of the longest-keeping apples.
Lord Lambourne Popular garden variety, many uses, good balance of sweet and sharp. Regular steady crop, average to large size apples, moderate disease resistance, can be stored to November, compact, nicely shaped tree.
Lord Lennox
Lord Peckover An early-season apple, originating from the East Anglia region of England, with an attractive crimson flushed skin.
Lord Seedling
Lord Stradbroke
Lord Suffield
Lord Wolsiey
Lorna Doone
Louise Bonne De Jersey
Lowland Raspberry
Lubec 1
Lubsk Queen White porcelain-like skin with splashes and blushes of bright pink and red. Firm, tart snow-white flesh. Brisk flavor.
Lucombes Pine
Lugar Red
Lutes Great Keeper
Lyle Bonner
Lyman Prolific hard Cider
Lyman's Large Summer Large, green fruit ripens yellow. Firm, crisp, and juicy.
Lynchs Pear Apple
Lynchs Strawberry
Lynchs Sugar Apple
Mabbots Pearmain
Mabel Kagel
Macfree McIntosh X PRI-38-177, Red, A new, disease-resistant variation of McIntosh. Early ripening
Maclean's Favourite A high quality late-season dessert apple with a rich sweet-sharp flavour. The tree is a heavy cropper but can be disease-prone.
Macoun Another McIntosh style apple variety from the famous Geneva Research Station, and considered one of the better ones. Deep red, Similar to McIntosh. Good eating. Flesh is white, highly flavored, aromatic. Midseason. McIntosh X Jersey Black
Macspur McIntosh sport, red, A spur-type McIntosh with heavier yields. Midseason
Mac Wild Spur
Madison Mammoth
Madona crab
Madresfield Court
Magnolia Gold
Magnum Bonum Medium, slightly oblate, red with yellow background, mildly tart, great flavor, ripe late September.
Magnum Gala Larger apples than Gala.
Magog Redstreak
Maiden's Blush Cooking, dessert and cider apple, also dries well. Flat, round pale yellow-skinned fruit with crimson blush. Crisp, tender flesh with sharp acid flavor that mellows with ripening.
Maid of Kent
Maigold Crisp, juicy flesh; mildly subacid, sweet flavor. Slightly honeyed, mellowing to a citrus taste in storage. Bruise resistant. Keeps well in storage.
Mairac A modern Swiss apple, derived from Gala and Maigold and released in 2002.
Major Bittersweet hard cider
Major C
Major Crunch
Malinda Yellow apple with slight taste of pears. Not widely grown today, but parent of many University of Minnesota bred apples.
Malinda Crab
Malling A synonym for Kent.
Malt Bagevskli
Maltster A 19th century dual-purpose variety, with a very modern red-streaked appearance
Mammoth Black Twig
Mammoth Crab
Manch Rouge
Manchurian Crab
Manitoba Duchess X Tolman Sweet, Yellow with scarlet blush, Fine-grained melting white flesh with spicy flavor, very good cooking quality. A vigorous grower. Late ripening
Manitoba Spy
Manks Codlin
Mann (Big Horse Creek Farm) Originated as a chance seedling in 1850 in the orchard of Judge Mooney of Oswego County, New York. It was introduced into Niagara County, New York by a Dr. Mann and later named for him by the Western New York State Horticultural Society. Fruit medium to large with greenish to deep yellow skin and sometimes lightly covered with patches of russet. Flesh is yellow, firm, and juicy. Ripens late fall and keeps into the early spring.
Mannington Pearmain
Mantet An early-season apple variety from Canada. Amber, washed and striped red, Excellent for fresh eating, sweet and juicy with pleasant flavor. Tree upright and productive. Tetovsky X McIntosh
Marachal hard Cider
March 1
Marcoun An old Italian apple variety, with a sweet flavour which keeps very well.
Margaret (Big Horse Creek Farm) A very old variety originating in England and sold in the South for many years as Striped June or Early Striped June. Margaret is characterized by its small to medium size with an oblong to slightly conical shape. The skin is yellow with dark red striping concentrated most at the stem end. The crisp, white flesh is tender, juicy, and quite flavorful for an early season apple. Ripens June to July.
Margil pre 1750 Europe) Known in England since 1750 but thought to have originated somewhere in Europe. Medium size fruit, yellowish orange, deep red streaks, some russet. Firm, sweet, rich. One of the best flavored dessert apples
Maribor 2439
Marie Joseph D'Othee
Marie Menard
Marigold Schin H6 (Swiss)
Marin Onfroy hard Cider
Marks Sweet
Marlin Stephens Red and yellow, Large, juicy, good for dessert and culinary use. Midseason
Marlyns Delight
Marriage Maker
Martha's Crab
Martha x Dolgo Crab
Martini VH430
Mary Potter Crab
Mary Reid
Maude Hyatt Seedling
Mausbys Fine Winter
Max Trio
May of Virginia
May Queen
Mays Apple
McCleay Medium sized, flattened round, red. Tart, melting flesh. Discovered in a fencerow in McCleay, OR, Ripens September 25
McClintock Grimes
McCoy Red Winter
McDonald Crab
McGhees Seedling
McIntosh A crisp red apple with bright white flesh and refreshing sweet flavor. Large fruit. Midseason. Fameuse X Detroit Red
McIntosh Boiler
McIntosh Cornwall
McIntosh Disease Resistant
McIntosh Improved
McIntosh Kimball
McIntosh Marshall
McIntosh Rogers Red
McIntosh spur type
Mcintosh Starkspur
McIntosh Summerland Red
McLean Medium sized attractive pale yellow skinned apple, with a light blush. Flesh is mildly acid, with good quality.
McLellan Light smooth, straw colored fruit, covered with stripes and marblings of lively red. Good sprightly taste of fruit in November. Crisp, firm flesh.
Mclntosh Cornwall
Mclntosh Kimball
Mclntosh Marshall
Mclntosh Rogers Red
Mclntosh Summerland Red
McMahone White
McNicholas Greening
Medaille d'Or A traditional French bittersweet cider variety.
Mela Carla
Melanie Golden White
Melba Attractive, high quality, yellow washed with crimson fruit. Very white, firm, crisp, sweet flesh. A sweet subacid flavor. McIntosh open pollinated, 1898, This is one of the very best summer apples. The color is mostly red or pinkish red. The Melba apple is crisp and juicy. The white flesh is firm and crisp with a subacid flavor. The fruit holds up well for a summer apple. Tree is productive and bears at a young age.
Melon Fruits very good quality. Medium large, skin yellow, red striped, round, oblate, conical with mild flavor.
Melrose Official Ohio State apple. Large flattened fruit. Yellowish green skin flushed and streaked dark red with russet spots. Firm, coarse, juicy creamy white flesh. Slightly acid flavor. Very good cooking and dessert qualities. Best after Christmas when it develops it's fruity aroma.
Melrose Spur
Melrouge Redder sport of Melrose with more intense flavor. An excellent flavored dessert apple. Size is large and roundish flat. Very good for cooking. Stores well.
Mendocino Cox Yellow with red stripes.
Menger Jewell
Mere De Menage Origin not known. It has been known since the late 1700s. Large, shaped like a Bramley, irregular and lopsided but king apples can be tall and oblong – one in a sample is not much help with identification as they vary so much. Five or more crowns at apex. Dull green almost completely covered with dark brown/crimson or purple/crimson flush, darker stripes. Lenticels very conspicuous as grey/white dots.
Meridian An attractive well-flavoured modern English apple, difficult to detect the Cox parentage though.
Merton 778
Merton 789
Merton 793
Merton Ace A synonym for Merton Knave.
Merton Beauty
Merton Charm Medium sized flat shaped fruit, rectangular, convex, not ribbed; skin greenish yellow, sometimes with a slight brownish red flush. Flesh tender, crisp, creamy white; flavor sweet subacid.
Merton Delight Size medium, shape intermediate to flat, skin yellow, striped pinkish red. Flesh tender, crisp, creamy. Flavor sweet to subacid.
Merton Joy
Merton Knave An early-season English dessert apple, raised in the mid twentieth century.
Merton Pearmain
Merton Pippin
Merton Prolific An interesting cross between a cooker (Northern Greening) and a dessert apple (Cox's Orange Pippin).
Merton Russet Small. Golden russet colored. Flesh very crisp, deep yellow, and juicy. Complex sweet/spicy flavor.
Merton Worcester An interesting early/mid season dessert variety, probably deserves to be better known.
Messire Jacques
Metais Bitter hard cider
Michael Henry Pippin
Michaelmas Red
Michelin Michelin is a traditional French hard cider apple variety producing a medium bittersweet juice.
Michurins Bessiemianka
Michurins Seedless
Middletown Fameuse
Midget Crab
Midland Weeping Crab
Mikes Greening
Milam (Big Horse Creek Farm) Milam was first introduced into Illinois in 1902 as Red Winter Pearmain, but is thought to have originally come from Virginia or Kentucky. It is small to medium with smooth, greenish-yellow skin overlaid with light red, but becoming much darker red when exposed to the sun. Greenish-white flesh is tender, crisp, juicy and somewhat coarse in texture. Ripens September to October and keeps until January or later.
Mildew Immune Seedling
Mill Creek Small, red, late blooming and leafing, dependable crops, discovered in Turner, OR, Ripens September 25
Mill End
Miller Creek Pound
Miller Sour
Miller's Seedling A small early-season English apple, popular in late Victorian times. A dessert apple with medium sized fruit. It has a greenish/yellow skin flushed pink and with bright red stripes. There is slight russeting. It is crisp, juicy and very sweet.
Millicent Barnes
Mill Rose
Milo Gibson Red and yellow fruit. A fine tasting apple with unique licorice flavor.
Milton Medium sized, pale yellow covered fruit with deep cherry red flush. Fine grained white flesh. Juicy with sweet hint of raspberry flavors. Similar to McIntosh in flavor but more aromatic, great for sauce. Tree is annual bearer and tolerant to rust. Early midseason. McIntosh X Yellow Transparent
Milwa A synonym for Junami.
Milwaukee Russian, Yellow, red striped, Excellent keeper. Flavorful, slightly tart. Good for cooking and cider. Bears annually and produces at a young age. Late ripening
Ming Shing
Minister Von Hammerstein
Minkler (Big Horse Creek Farm) As described in Beach&#8217;s Apples of New York (1905), Minkler was recognized as a popular apple in Illinois around 1865 where its cultivation was confined to this region and adjoining states. The history of the apple is very confusing but it is known it was first exhibited before the Illinois Horticultural Society around this period by Mr. S.G. Minkler. The apple is medium-sized and uniform in shape. The thin, slightly tough skin is smooth, glossy, greenish-yellow changing to pale yellow and overspread with a pinkish-red blush and splashes of dark carmine. The yellow to greenish flesh is very firm and coarse, slightly aromatic and very crisp and juicy. Ripens late October to early November.
Minneiska A synonym for SweeTango.
Minnesota 1734 Bronze russet, Small fruit is hard, yellow-fleshed, and richly flavored. Makes excellent tasting cider. Annual producer of heavy crops. Keeps all winter in storage. Late ripening
Minnesota 447 Frostbite was just recently named by the University of Minnesota. Known as MN 447, it is an older cultivar that has been used as a parent in the breeding of other successful U of MN apple varieties. Because of its unique, sweet, aromatic, and unusual flavor people who know MN 447 had been encouraging the University to release it. The fruit is only small to medium in size, being 2¼ to 2½ inches in diameter, but is very firm, crisp and juicy. It will store for 3-4 months in common storage at 34-37°F. The flesh is a creamy, light yellow. It is an attractive maroon red over a yellow gold background. It usually exhibits striped coloration, but often can be somewhat dappled. It sometimes russets lightly, depending on the season. Like most Minnesota varieties, it is extremely hardy to USDA Zone 3b (-30 to -35°F). It has low to medium vigor. The tree is spreading and produces annually.
Minnewashta A synonym for Zestar!.
Miron Sacharanij
Mississippi Pippen
Missouri Pippin (Big Horse Creek Farm) Noted for its very early bearing ability. Fruit is medium to large, roundish to conical and flattened on the ends. The thick, smooth skin is greenish-yellow mostly covered with dark and light red stripes and shading. The yellowish-white flesh is firm, coarse and breaking. Ripens November to December and is a good keeper.
Mitchell Sweet
Mitchurins Samenloser
Mleevskaya Crasavitsa
MN 1734 Bronze russet fruit. Hard, yellow flesh. Rich flavor. Makes excellent tasting cider.
MN 1797 A synonym for SnowSweet.
Mobbs Royal
Moiron Sacharaniv
Mollie's Delicious A very good to excellent early apple ripening. Fruits are large to very large, conical in shape with a pinkish red color. Has an exceptionally pleasing aftertaste. This quality can be maintained in storage for at least 10 weeks under refrigeration.
Moms Red Large red apple found growing in a swampy area next to my mom&#8217;s house in Salem, OR. Excellent eating apple.
Monarch Cooks to juicy puree, not as sharp as Bramley
Monger Jewel
Mongolian Large to occasional very large, flattened, bright red, waxy surface, slightly tart, ripe September. Originally sold by a nursery in the Brushy Mountains of Wilkes Co., NC.
Monmouth Beauty
Monmouth Pippin
Monroe Sweet
Montana Red
Montreal Peach
Moore Sweet Fruit medium to large. Uniform in size and shape. Shape roundish. Skin smooth, rather pale in color, being yellow or greenish overspread with a red or pinkish red blush and dulled by greyish scarfskin. Flesh tinged with yellow or green, moderately firm, moderately fine grained, tender, rather dry, sweet, good.
Morden 358
Morden 359
Morden 360
Morden 363
Morden 370 (Red Sparkle)
Morden Ruby
Morgans Christmas
Morgan Sweet An old cider apple variety, popular in the "west country" of the UK, and sweet enough to eat fresh.
Morgan (TB)
Morley's Seedling A late-season English cooking apple, from Cambrideshire in eastern England.
Morning Star
Morrison Yellow
Moscow Pear
Moses Wood
Mostrom Pippin
Mother An old Massachusetts apple variety rated for its flavor.
Mother Bud
Mott Pink red-fleshed apple with a beautiful delicate flavour.
Mott Sweet
Mountain Belle
Mountain Boomer A huge round apple, some specimens being larger than a saucer. It is a pale yellow with an occasional blush where exposed to the sun. Flavor and texture are exceptional, considering the size of the fruit.
Mountain Dale
Mountain Red Coat
Mountain Rose Discovered near the town of Airlie in western Oregon, Mountain Rose displays profuse pink blooms in the spring followed by large, large greenish yellow apples with crisp, dark red flesh, and delicious sweet- tart flavor. Mountain Rose ripens in early October and can be stored until spring. Also known as Hidden Rose and Airlie Red Flesh
Mount Slckler White
Moyers Prize
Moyer's Spice A rather large apple of the Yellow Bellflower group: yellow, often blushed with red. Flesh is moderately crisp, coarse, very juicy, mildly subacid, becoming sweet or nearly so. Good to very good in flavor and quality. A hardy and vigorous variety from the collection of the late Henry Morton of Gatlinburg, Tennessee. This medium-sized, aromatic red apple has white flesh with a spicy subacid to sweet flavor. Ripens in mid-July.
Mr Gladstone A synonym for Gladstone.
Mr Homer
Mr Prothero
Mrs Bryan
Mrs Carter
Mrs Francis
Mrs Phillmore
Mrs Wards Early
Mt. Boomer
Mt. Sickler White
Mule Apple
Munson Sweet (Big Horse Creek Farm) A prolific apple originating in Massachusetts before 1849, It is an attractive, medium-sized apple having a smooth, but thick, tough golden-yellow skin with an occasional red blush. The yellow-tinged flesh is moderately fine-grained, tender, juicy and very sweet. Ripens late September to November.
Muscadet De Bernay Hard cider apple.
Muscadet de Dieppe Excellent cider apple. Orange-red, smallish fruit. Sweet and aromatic.
Muscadet De Lense hard cider
Muscadet Livce
Muscat de Bernay Hard cider apple
Muscat de Venus A small fruit, Muscat de Venus has a thin pale skin splashed with pink and violet coloring. The grape-like effect is enhanced by a delicate bloom. While the texture is crisp, the flavor is intensely vinous and suggestive of muscat grapes. This is an extraordinary choice for dessert or cider. Ripens in late October and early November.
Muskmellon Sweet
Muster Small round flat apple with striking red-orange or pink skin with prominent brown or grey spots. The flesh is pure white, Coarse, but crisp and very sweet. Ripens in early September.
Mutsu A versatile dual-purpose apple, sharp but still pleasant to eat fresh. Also known as Crispin.
Myers Red Duck
My Jewel
Myra Red Fuji
Narjadnoye Crysmskoye
Native American Crab
NC1 A synonym for Cheerfull Gold.
N. Caroina Beauty
N.C. Keeper
N.C. Pearapple
Nectarapple Maroon skin colored apple with yellow undercolor. Skin is chewy like a nectarine, and displays unique cracking near the calyx lobe. Flavor and scent similar to a nectarine.
Nehou Hard cider apple. Apples are soft, medium size and easily bruised.
Nellie Mae Jackson
Nellie May
Nesqually Seedling
New Bedford
New Brunswicker
Newell Kimzey Official cultivar name for Airlie Red Flesh.
Newells Large Winter
Newell's Late Orange Flat-round, sometimes irregular shape. Good size, solid yellow-green fruit entirely covered with minute green or black dots. Firm, crisp, juicy, rich white flesh.
Newells Orange
New Gold
New Idared
New Rock Pippin An old English late-season dessert apple variety originating from Cambridgeshire. Highly regarded by 19th century writers for its dry firm flesh and rich flavour and hint of anise.
Newt Grindle Late Summer to Early Fall. The medium coarse juicy greenish flesh has a mild taste with hints of cherry and cinnamon. Keeps remarkably well for an early apple.
Newton Wonder A 19th century English cooking apple, still popular as a UK garden apple variety.
Newtosh McIntosh X Yellow Newtown, Red striped, Produces a high percentage of extra-fancy fruits. Skin similar to McIntosh; flesh like Yellow Newtown. Late-midseason
Newtown Green
Newtown Pippin Also known as Albermarle Pippin. Made famous by none other than Thomas Jefferson, who grew them in his orchard at Monticello. One of the first US apple exports to the UK.
Newtown Spitzenburg
Niagara Fruits are medium to large in size, roundish conic and irregular in shape, with deep red blush and stripe over pale yellow. The flesh is white and similar to McIntosh, very sweet and juicy, skin tough. Exceptionally vigorous grower. Early to midseason. Carlton X McIntosh
Nicks Best Pinkmeat
Nicoter A synonym for Kanzi.
Niedzwetzkyana Crab Tastes good. A beautiful large apple with true red fleshed firm interior.
Night dropper
Nine Square
Nitschners Erdbeerapfel
Nittany Crisp, juicy yellow flesh tart apple, 3 to 3.25 inches in diameter. About 50 to 90% of the surface is covered with a dull red color. Shape is truncate to conical. Good eaten fresh but also good choice for a cooking apple as it holds its shape when cooked.
NJ55 A synonym for Suncrisp.
Noble Gold
No Bloom
No Blow
Noel Dischamp
Nonnetit Bastard An attractive late-season quality dessert apple from Denmark.
Nonpareil A very old apple variety from France, which became very popular in England. It has a distinctive pear-drop flavour.
Noran (St. Lawrence Nursery) Columbia Crab X Redant, Extremely hardy, Green with red blush, ripens midseason, Small to medium size apple with cream colored flesh. Tart, good for cooking. Bears at a young age.
Norcue Heyer 12&#8242; X &gt;Rescue) This cultivar originated at the Morden Research Station, Agriculture Canada, bred by Dr. C. R. Ure for the Prairie Fruit Breeding Cooperative, selected in 1958 by the Beaverlodge Research Station and was released in 1975. The tree is vigorous, upright-spreading, precocious, and annually productive. It is hardy to Zone 2a, and its reaction to fire blight is still untested. The fruit is small, 5.5 cm (2&#8243;+) in diameter and slightly oblate, and matures in early season, from early to mid August. The skin is thin, green-yellow, and mostly covered with dull red stripes. The flesh is cream to yellow, tinged with pink, crisp, juicy, very sweet and full flavoured. It is fair to good for fresh eating, good for cooking, and stores well for an early summer apple.
Norda (St. Lawrence Nursery) Rolsilda X Trail, Extremely hardy, Yellow with red streaking, ripens midseason to late, Yellow with red streaking, Flesh cream-colored, crisp juicy and good for eating or culinary purposes. Bears young. Good keeper. Late-midseason
Norenburg Redfall
Noret (St. Lawrence Nursery) Rescue X Mantet, Extremely hardy, Greenish-yellow overlaid w/ red, early ripening, Fruit about 2 inches, firm, tart to astringent; fair for eating and cooking. Tree is small and upright. Bears at a young age.
Norfolk Beauty Cooks to creamy puree, little sugar needed, slight lemon flavour
Norfolk Beefing Norfolk Beefing is an old English apple variety used primarily for cooking and drying. A medium to large apple that hangs on the tree into January or later. It is greenish-yellow in color with a dull red coating and faintly striped. The greenish-white flesh is crisp and juicy and sweetens in storage. Considered a good keeper
Norfolk Royal A sweet old-fashioned apple, with a delicate melon flavour - very likeable
Norfolk Royal Russet Norfolk Royal Russet is one of the best-looking russet apples, with a superb rich sweet flavour.
Norhey Heyer 12&#8242; X Dr. Bill) This cultivar originated with the Morden Research Station, Agriculture Canada, by Dr. C. R. Ure for the Prairie Fruit Breeding Cooperative, selected in 1960 at the Beaverlodge Research station, and released in 1975. The tree is vigorous, upright, with good branching habit, precocious, and annually productive. It is hardy to Zone 1, and resistant to fire blight. The fruit is medium size, 6.5 cm (22 ) in diameter, slightly oblate, and matures in late August. The skin is thin and greenish to yellow. The flesh is deep cream, crisp, juicy, sub acid, and slightly astringent. It is fair for fresh eating, good for cooking and stores for 4-8 weeks.
Norkent (St. Lawrence Nursery) Haralson X Rescue, Extremely hardy, Greenish-yellow under orange, red, russeting, ripens midseason, Fruit about 2 inches, firm, tart to astringent; fair for eating and cooking. Tree is small and upright. Bears at a young age.
Norland Medium size. Green with red stripes.
Normanton Wonder A synonym for Dumelow's Seedling.
Norson Origin: Canadian
North Carolina Beauty
North Carolina Keeper (Big Horse Creek Farm) Fruit size is medium or smaller, conical, with yellow skin mostly covered with red and darker red striping. Flesh is yellow, crisp and juicy. Ripens late winter and is an excellent winter keeper.
North Carolina Pearapple
North County Line
Northern Greening A very old English apple, widely grown by the 19th century and probably the forebear of many of the major Victorian-era culinary apples.
Northern June
Northern Lights Red over yellow, striped, New joint release of NY and ND research stations. High quality dessert apple with a tart McIntosh flavor. Midseason. Haralson X McIntosh
Northern Spy A widely grown American heirloom apple variety. The fruit is late ripening and stores well. large, round, red stripes over yellow, tart, ripe October.
Northern Spy Early
Northern Spy Red
Northern Sweet
Northfield Beauty Medium to large fruits, predominately red in color. Hangs well to the tree. Maintains it's quality longer both on the tree and in storage. Shape is intermediate to flat, rectangular, asymmetric. Skin whitish yellow, striped and splashed with red. Flesh crisp, white with subacid flavor. Excellent all purpose apple. An Albert Etter apple.
North Pole McIntosh
North Pole Wolf River
Northstar King
Northwestern Greening Beneath its tough skin the greenish yellow flesh is firm, juicy and mildly tart. Best when cooked into sauce or made into pies as it does not rate high for fresh eating. Golden Russet X Alexander
Nortons Melon An old variety that bears young and biennially. A very heavy bearer, needs thinning. Fruits very good quality for dessert or market. Medium large, skin yellow, red striped, round, oblate, conical with mild flavor. Tree round and spreading, slightly tender to cold temperatures.
Notley P
Nova Cortland
Nova Easygro Fruit is large, oblate, 80% red stripe over greeninsh yellow ground. Stores well in cold storage. Flesh is snow white, firm, crisp, mildly sweet, slightly juicy. Slightly tough at picking but mellows in storage. Recommended for cooking, salads and eating fresh. Scab-resistant variety introduced by the Canadian Dept of Agriculture. Spartan X PRI 565
Novamac Flattened fruit with 70% red stripe on green background. Crisp, tender, fine-textured flesh. Slight McIntosh flavor. Good quality.
Nova Red Cortland
Nova Scotia Homestead
Novaspy Novaspy is a further development of the "Nova" series of apples from Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada based in Nova Scotia. As the name suggests it has Northern Spy in its ancestry.
November Peach A large, conical, redish, pink colored apple. Great flavor with a mild peach aftertaste. Ripens in September. A good keeper to December or January.
Novosibirski Sweet
Nutmeg Pippin
Nutting Bumpus
Nuvar Golden Hills A sweet juicy modern mid-season variety, based on Greensleeves but perhaps a bit sweeter. Colour is yellower than Greensleeves and sometimes has a pink tinge to it.
N W 1
NY-35 (Bonkers) Cornell Description: "NY 73334-35 - (Liberty X Delicious): Very large dark red fruit maturing after Delicious. Many fruit develop parthenocarpically. Some irregularly shaped fruit. Not as precocious as Liberty or Empire. Unusually large size may make fruit attractive for direct-market sales."
Oaken Pin
Obelisk A synonym for Flamenco.
Oekonomierat Echter-Meyer
Oetwiler Reinette
Ohio Nonparell
Ohio Pippin
Ohio Sweet
Okanagan Jesuit Mission
Old Cider
Old English Millim
Old Esquimali Road
Old Grandad
Old Homestead
Old Horse (Wise, VA)
Old Liberty
Old Log Cabin
Old Man
Old Nonesuch
Old Pearmain
Old Timey Winesap
Old Tyme Pippin
Old Virginia Spice
Oley Olson
Olinger Raspberry
Olinger Red
Oliver Fruit size is medium to large with thick, smooth, glossy yellow skin overlaid with rich-red and streaks of darker red. The surface is punctuated with large, conspicuous, light colored dots. The yellowish flesh is fine-grained and juicy and often stained with red. Ripens October to November and is an excellent keeper.
Ontario Very good eating, juice and cooking apple. Medium-large fruit with green skin flushed and striped red. Flesh fine textured, very juicy, sprightly and aromatic.
Ontario Russet
Opal A modern apple from the Czech Republic, related to Golden Delicious and Topaz.
Opalescent A popular New England apple. Large fruit with smooth skin entirely covered with dark red, occasionally shading to purplish with splashes of carmine. Firm, juicy, mildly subacid, yellow flesh with a hint of strawberries. Ripens in September
Opal Seabrook An early-season English apple, with very similar qualities to one of its parents, Worcester Pearmain.
Orange Sweet Small, somewhat conical fruit, medium in size. Pale yellow apple often somewhat blushed, nearly orange yellow when ripe. Flesh tinged with yellow, moderately fine grained, tender, moderately sweet. Skin tough.
Oregon City
Oregon Spur Delicious
Orenco Medium to large fruit with bright red skin. Tender, crisp, juicy white flesh. Very sweet and piquant flavor. Light bearer. Must be picked as soon as it is ripe. Scab resistant. Origin: Oregon 1920
Oriatia Beauty
Orient Beauty
Orin Yellow skin is blushed red-orange and dotted with conspicuous white lenticels. Sweet, very honeyed, pale yellow flesh, but of little taste or acidity of fruit. Shares same parentage as Mutsu.
Orin Jumbo
Oriole An early-season American apple from the University of Minnesota. Yellow, striped red, An excellent quality dessert or cooking apple. Tree extrememly productive. Yellow Transparent X Liveland Raspberry
Orkney An attractive old apple, probably from Scotl
Orleans Reinette France 1700s. Round, flattened, greenish-yellow fruit with some cinnamon russet in most cases. Flesh is creamy white, firm and fine-textured and very juicy with a taste first of sweet oranges followed by a nutty flavor. Trees are vigorous, heavily spurred. Ripens in October
Ortley (Big Horse Creek Farm) New Jersey 1800s. The fruit resembles the better known Yellow Bellflower, but is less acid in flavor. Fruit is medium to large, conical, with greasy yellow skin occasionally having a fine red blush. The creamy white flesh is tender and juicy. Ripens October to January.
Osheas Red Discovery
Osman (Crab)
Ottawa Very good early eating, cooking and sauce apple. Greenish-yellow washed and striped with red. Juicy and spicy.
Ottowa 546
Oval Crab
Owen Cobb
Owen Mullens Early Red June
Owen Mullins
Owen Mullins Red
Owl Medow
Oxheart Pippin Choice eating; deep flavor with a lot of juice; excellent keeper
Ozark Gold Developed at the Missouri State Agricultural Experimental Station and introduced in 1970. It is similar in flavor and appearance to Golden Delicious but ripens about three weeks earlier. It bears young and shows some disease resistance but is a biennial bearer. It is a large to very large apple with bright yellow waxy skin. A1291x Golden Delicious
Ozark Pippin
Pacifc Pride
Pacific Beauty Large. Limited storage life.
Pacific Rose An attractive new late-season high-quality dessert apple from New Zealand.
Paciilc Gold
Padleys Pippin
Paides Winter Apple
Paides Ziemas Abols
Palmer Greening Waxy green-yellow skin shaded red. White flesh with yellow cast. Crisp, firm, tender &amp; juicy. Excellent for eating fresh. Rather attractive in color, quite variable in size. Good quality, but mild in flavor and eventually becoming nearly sweet.
Palmetta Apple
Pampbellos Reinette
Papierowka Polska
Paradis Do Vayre
Paradise Sweet
Paradise Winter Sweet
Paradisiaca Atro Sanguinea
Paragon Synonym of Arkansas Black
Parkdale Beauty
Parkland Small to medium size fruit on a compact tree. Green to yellow with red striping. Somewhat tart but plain cooking apple. Similar to Norland but keeps better. Good for fresh eating and cooking. Early ripening. Rescue X Melba
Park's Pippin Greenish yellow in color, very tart until fully ripe, keeps well. Good for cooking, drying, cider or eating out of hand. It makes outstanding apple butter, jelly and cider. Ripens late fall and is a very good keeper.
Parmar Parmar is also known as Yellow Flat, and likely is an 18th century Virginia apple that was once popular for brandy making. The presence of this variety in an orchard was an indicator that the owner likely used it for making apple brandy. Small in size and oblate in shape, the skin is a dark-yellow with irregular russet patches over most of the fruit. The flesh is also a dark-yellow, especially just beneath the skin, and is dense and subacid in flavor. It is suitable for applesauce and apple butter making and as a dessert fruit. Parmar stores well for a summer variety and ripens in late July and early August.
Parson Pat
Party Doll
Pasha Gmasha
Patrick Red
Patten Green
Paulared Solid red, A very white-fleshed, juicy apple of good all-purpose quality. Early-midseason
Paulista 1
Pawpaw Sweet
Peace Garden Malinda X Duchess, Red, striped, Juicy, excellent keeper, hangs well on the tree. Late ripening
Peace Maker
Pear Gold
Pearmain Sugar Grove
Peasgood's Nonsuch Highly esteemed culinary apple. Large pale yellow-green fruit, deepening to orange-yellow with short stripes of bright red and some russet patches. Good acid-sweet flavor, cooks to a froth.
Peau Dane
Peau De Vinche hard Cider
Peche Melba
Peck's Pleasant Fruit is medium to large with a variable shape, often with a distinctive furrow on one side. Skin is mostly green when first picked, but becomes a lovely clear yellow with a blush after ripening in storage. The aromatic yellow flesh is firm, tender, and juicy. Ripens September to October.
Pegray Doyen
Pendragon An unusual red-fleshed apple from Cornwall or Devon in England. The bark, blossom, and leaves also have a dull-red tint.
Pepin Chernenko
Pepinka Lltowska
Pepin Shafrannyl
Percherons Precious
Perrine Yellow Transparent Tetraploid Yellow Transparent. Very big fruit, otherwise similar to Yellow Transparent.
Perry Russet It is a large yellow green apple often with shiny skin and only occasionally covered with a fine russet.   It has juicy fine grained yellow flesh, rich and acidic in flavor and excellent for pies.
Pervenee Samarkanda
Petite Jewel
Pettingill Large fruit with red flush over green skin. Flesh crisp and juicy with good subacid flavor.
Peumainen Kanel
Pewaukee (Big Horse Creek Farm) In the mid-1800&#8217;s, George P. Peffer of Pewaukee, Wisconsin, crossed Duchess of Oldenburg with Northern Spy to produce Pewaukee. It is a fine dessert and cooking apple and is most noted for its winter hardiness, a trait inherited from its parent, Duchess of Oldenburg. Though considered only fair for fresh eating quality, it is a vigorous, productive tree and grows quite well with minimal care. Fruit size is medium to large with smooth, thin, greenish-yellow skin mottled with orange-red and striped with carmine. The whitish flesh is firm, coarse, and very juicy. Ripens in November and is a good keeper.
Peypring Ceriucko
Pfrbichroter Sommeerapfel
Phocian Mystique
Pigeonette De Roen
Pigeonnet Blanc
Pigeonnet Rouge
Pig Pen 9
Pigs Nose Pippin
Piker Yellow
Pilot Large yellow fruit with red stripes and russet specks. Fine grained, crisp and juicy flesh. It is best suited for growing in the mountains and foothills, performing poorly when grown below 1000 feet in elevation. Fruit is large, roundish to oblate with pale yellow skin heavily striped and shaded with dull red. The yellow flesh is fine-grained, firm, tender and juicy with a slightly aromatic fragrance. Ripens in October and is an excellent keeper.
Pinata A synonym for Pinova.
Pineapple Quince
Pineapple Salad
Pine Golden Pippin 1861 England, UK, Medium to large size fruit. Shape flat to intermediate, rectangular, convex. Flesh tender, yellowish white. Flavor subacid, like pineapple. Ripens in late September.
Pine Mountain
Pink Beauty Crab
Pink Blush
Pink Delight
Pink Early
Pink Excell
Pinkie Crab
Pink Lady One of the best-known modern apples, Pink Lady is actually a trademark and the variety is more correctly known as Cripps Pink. Australia 1973, bred by John Cripps. A cross of Lady Williams and Golden Delicious.
Pink Parfait The latest and finest flavored of the pink-fleshed varieties. A large handsome fruit with bright red stripes and splashes over a cream background: the flesh is mottled pink and cream, almost as if an ordinary apple were stained with cherry juice. And the flavor and texture are amazing, making Pink Parfait an unforgetable eating experience. It requires a long warm growing season and can be tricky to finish properly.
Pink Pearl A pink-fleshed apple developed by Californian enthusiast Albert Etter in the 1940s. Bright pink flesh and crimson pink blossoms. The fruit is crisp with a sweet/tart flavor, conical shape; skin is a creamy pale green. Good flavour but is very tart for a dessert apple.
Pink Pearmain One of the best pink fleshed varieties. Ripens early September, this can be an exceptionally colorful and attractive fruit: deeply red/red-striped skin covering vivid mottled pink flesh. This apple obtains a red striped skin when mature, with an upside-down shape. Flesh is a deeper pink tone which varies with climatic changes. Tart and aromatic flavor. Must be fully ripe for maximum sweetness and color. The aromatics are complex and suggestive of berries. Intense heat here in August and September can adversely affect texture and flesh color. Late blooming.
Pink Princess Fred Janson of Ontario developed this pink fleshed variety, originally named Pink Lady. He did not patent the name, as he did not believe in fruit patents, and an Australian variety was subsequently patented as Pink Lady, which is the one now available commercially. In 1997, Mr. Janson changed the name of his apple to Pink Princess which has pastel to dark pink flesh, is sweet/tart and aromatic, medium sized, skin color is carmine striping over pink. A medium sized apple, light green skin turning yellow with a few faint red stripes. Pink colored flesh similar to that of Pink Pearl, but sweeter, with a nice fruity flavor. Pink Pearl x King of the Pippins.
Pink Satin
Pink Sparkle Distinctive upside down shape, broad base narrow at the stem. Develops a red striped skin when ripe, flesh is deep pink, but varies according to climate. Tart mildly sweet with distinctive aromatic flavor. of unknown parentage with pink and red flesh that is exceedingly juicy.
Pink Sugar
Pink Sweet
Pink Wood
Pinova An attractive yellow apple with a pink/orange flush. Crops heavily and stores well. Also known as Pinata.
Pioneer Charcteristicly lop-sided apples. Light red with darker stripes and splashes, yellow undercoat. Rich sweet-tart flavor. Excellent, Stores well. Ripens October 1. Found in a fencerow in West Stayton, OR.
Pioneer Jewel
Pioneer Scarlet (RW)
Piotash Crab
Pippin Chernenko
Pippin Chesnevko
Pippinka Litovska
Pippin Katrina
Pippin Safranji
Pitmaston Pineapple An old English apple variety with an unusual flavour reminscent of pineapples.
Pitmaston Russet Nonpsreil
Pixie A popular garden variety, and a very good Cox substitute, quite sharp flavour
Pixie Crunch Small, sweet flavored, crisp and juicy apple. Greenish-yellow base color with 90-100% red-purple overcolor.
Plateau Road
Plum Cider
Poeltsamaa Winter
Pokey Seedling
Polka Medium size. Round conical. Dark red blush over green. Sweet. Tastes like the variety Spartan.
Polk Seedling
Polly Eades (Big Horse Creek Farm) Believed to be an offspring of the more well-known Horse apple, Polly Eades is a late bloomer, thus escaping most late spring frosts. Tree bears early and produces a fruit which can be used for cooking or fresh eating. Fruit is medium to large, slightly conical with deep yellow skin with a red blush on the sunny side. Yellowish flesh is juicy, tender, aromatic, and rather tart. Ripens July to August.
Polly Sweet the apple originated as a seedling near a woodpile at the abandoned home of Polly Cook of Haywood Co., NC, medium sized, green, slightly sweet, and ripe in August; this is one of the rare apples which always stays green even when it is ripe.
Pomeroy of Herefordshire
Pomeroy of Sumerset
Pomme Cloche A synonym for Glockenapfel.
Pomme De Or
Pomme Framboise
Pomme Gris Medium to small russet apple, Deep yellowish, brown mottled and with dark red. Excellent dessert quality and a very good keeper.
Pomme Poire
Pomme Raisin
Pommer Lorch
Pomme Rose
Pomme Thoury
Pommier Ilorca
Pond Celler
Poor Mans Profit
Poppys Wonder
Pops Delicious
Porter One of many apples of northern origin that gained popularity in the South for its many fine cooking and eating qualities. It originated around 1800 in Sherburne, Massachusetts and was named for Rev. Samuel Porter who first grew the apple. It gained immense publicity when it was recommended in the famous Fanny Farmer Boston Cookbook as a superb cooking apple. When cooked, it retains its flavor and shape quite well. Fruit is small to large, roundish to slightly oblong or conical. The thin, smooth skin is greenish-yellow with a reddish-orange blush on the sunny side, sometimes with crimson red spots. Flesh is yellow, fine-grained, juicy and aromatic. Ripens August to September
Porter's Perfection English cider apple. Cream coloured, flushed dark red. Bitter-sharp cider blending quality.
Potter Cox
Pott's Seedling Probably the parent of James Grieve, popular 19th century cooker
Pound Apple very large, slightly flattened and somewhat irregular, yellow, tart, ripe September.
Pound Longshore
Pound of Carrol County
Pound of Roan Mt
Pound of Sally Branch
Pound Pippin Very large apple with thin skin, Greenish yellow, but becomming clear yellow sometimes faintly blushed, Flesh is whitish or tinged with yellow and moderately firm, rather fine, tender, very juicy and somewhat aromatic. Very good and ripens in late September.
Pound Pippin Striped Fannon
Pound Royal
Pound Russet
Pound Sweet Green to yellow, A very large yellow apple. Sweet with a firm texture. Esteemed for baking; good keeper. Late ripening
Pound Sweet Pineapple Sport
Powder Spring June
Powells Russet
Praire Magic Goodland X Mantet, Yellow, blushed red, Developed in Manitoba. Tree a vigorous grower. Fruit medium to large, sweet and crisp. Excellent choice for the far North. Midseason
Prairie Fire Crab
Prairie Gold
Prairie Rose
Prairie Spy Yellow with red wash and stripes, Large fruit, crisp and juicy with excellent flavor which develops and improves while in storage.Some russeting may occur. Extra long keeping winter apple which keeps until Spring. Tree bears very young. Some resistance to scab and cedar apple rust. Late ripening
President Discouers Deasacres
Priam Medium range red over green-yellow. Keeps well through January.
Priddy 106 Also known as Cougar. Sweet-tart flavor, orange-red, lopsided, ribbed. Discovered in a fencerow in Turner, OR, Ripens September 10
Priddy 114 Synonym for Scotty's Prolific. Small 2 1/4 inches across, mild, tart flavor, crisp fine grained flesh, turns mealy after a few weeks in the refrigerator, bears early and abundantly, regular bearing. Discovered in a fencerow in Salem, OR, Ripens August 30
Priddys' Aroma Green, aromatic, crisp. Tangy flavor. Good early apple. Had scab one year in five. Discovered in a fencerow in Salem, OR, Ripens August 20
Priddys Pride Same as Priddys Prize
Priddys Prize Very large, unevenly shaped, dull green with red streaks, Crispy flesh, excellent tart flavor. Ripens September 30. Clifford Priddy and Ken Priddy discovered this fencerow apple on a fruit exploring trip in Salem, OR about 1992. We obtained scionwood the next spring, and one month later the tree was cut down.
Priestly (Big Horse Creek Farm) A fine fresh eating apple noted for its keeping ability, staying fresh and quite juicy until late spring. The tree is vigorous, productive and a dependable annual bearer. Fruit is medium to large, covered with red and darker red stripes. The yellowish-white flesh is firm, coarse and very juicy. Ripens November to December.
Prilmak Late Red
Prima Medium to large fruit with dark red blush over yellow. Juicy white flesh with mild subacid flavor.
Primate Highly regarded early American summer eating apple. Medium-large, smooth, light green fruit, crisp, juicy, tart. It is an ideal apple for the home orchard as it ripens over a period of several weeks, extending the harvest for the home grower. The fruit is medium-sized and frequently ribbed. The thin, yellow skin is often blushed with red on the sunny side. The tender white flesh is aromatic, crisp, and juicy. Ripens July to September.
Prime Gold Pat.
Prime Gold Van Well
Prime Red
Prince Charming
Prince George
Prince Nicolas
Princess Medium size. Round to oblate round. Yellow to whitish pale yellow skin. Fine, crisp, breaking texture. Very spicy, very juicy, very aromatic. May develop off-flavor in storage.
Princess Louise
Princess Noble
Priols Delicious
Priors Red
Priscilla Medium in size. 65% red blush over yellow background. Crisp, coarse, mildly subacid. White to slightly greenish flesh. Good flavor and quality. Will store for three months. Fruit hangs well. This apple is a cross of Starking and Purdue 610-2 bred and developed through a cooperative program of Purdue, Rutgers and Illinois Universities. It was developed to be highly disease resistant, especially to apple scab, but is also moderately resistant to fireblight and mildew. It was introduced in 1972 and was named for the wife of F. D. Hovde, president of Purdue University.
Pristine Beautiful lemon-yellow apple with a perfect finish. This high quality apple is very productive and is a good keeper for an early apple. This disease-resistant apple is one of the earliest to ripen. A smooth glossy yellow skin holds sweet smooth flesh. Resistant to scab, mildew and moderately to fire blight. Ripens mid-late July.
Professor Spenger
Prof. Grebnicka Renete
Prussian (Colvert)
Pumahen Kaneli
Pumpkin Connecticut, 1834. Very large fruit. Skin light green, sometimes with orange stripes, shape round, ribbed. Flesh firm, cream-colored, water core with a sweet flavor.
Pumpkin Cider
Pumpkin Russet
Pumpkin Sweet Prized for baking, good for canning or eating. Yellow skin marbled with greenish-yellow and a brown flush. Sweet, nonacid flesh is crisp and juicy.
Pups Fleurie
Pups Jennette
Purdue 2
Pure Gold
Puritan Red skinned apple covered with small white dots. Soft texture, tart flavored.
Purple Cousinot
Purple Siberian Crab
Purple Wave
Purpurroter Cousinot
Quebec Bell Red fruit. Resembles Delicious in appearance and Northern Spy in quality. Keeps well.
Quebec Sweet
Queen Cox A popular self-fertile sport of Cox's Orange Pippin, similar excellent flavour but slightly easier to grow.
Queen of the South
Queen (Striped)
Quette Ambri (Pakistan)
Quillams Large Red
Quing Guan
Quinte Firm good quality early eating apple that ships well. Medium size, yellow, heavy red blush. Cream colored flesh is very tender. Annual bearer of heavy crops; tree very strong grower, requires pruning. Crimson Beauty X Red Melba
Rabbit Sweet
Rabnn Baid
Rainbow (Big Horse Creek Farm) A large fruit with yellow skin colorfully striped with red. The yellow flesh is juicy and fine-grained. Ripens in August to September.
Rajka A modern variety from the Czech Republic, bred specifically for disease resistance.
Rall's Janet Fruit is medium to large with thin greenish-yellow skin covered with pinkish red and overlaid with dark red striping. The yellowish flesh is fine-grained, crisp and juicy. Ripens in October and is an excellent keeper.
Ralph Shay Crab
Ralphs Red
Rambo Pale greenish yellow matted skin with red stripes. Whitish flesh is fine, firm, tender and subacid. Begins ripenining in early July.
Rambo Red
Rambo Red Summer
Rambo Striped
Rambo Summer
Rambour Franc Introduced in the 1500s in France. One of the oldest apple varieties, grown in the orchards of sixteenth-century Picardy, France and brought to Colonial America. Also known as “Summer Rambo” for its early ripening, this complex apple delivers flavors hinting at berries, vanilla, and mint. Breaking, crisp, exceptionally juicy, aromatic flesh. Good for eating and sauce. Early Season - Fresh, Cooking
Rambourg D Automme
Rambourg Mortier
Rambo Winter
Ramsdell Sweet Connecticut 1838, A very sweet apple of good size. High quality flesh is tinged with yellow and is fine, firm, tender, juicy and of course, sweet. This is a great dessert apple. Smooth yellow skin overspread with an attractive crimson red. Early bearing and fairly vigorous. Ripens: Late. Fruit is medium to large, conic to rectangular in shape with yellow skin nearly covered with dark red and darker red striping. The yellowish-white flesh is firm, tender and very sweet, but can become mealy if overripe. Ripens in September.
Rank Thorn
Rannels Yellow
Raritan Red, good quality. Becomes sweet when allowed to ripen fully.
Rater Eiserapfel
Rattle Core
Razor Golden Delicious Russet sport of Golden Delicous
Razor Ridge Green
Razor Russet A russeted sport of Golden Delicious, discovered in Kentucky in the 1970s. A great russet apple with excellent flavor. Medium sized with golden bronze skin, almost entirely covered with a yellowish brown russet. Flesh is firm, slightly coarse yellowish white. Remarkable for its sugar content. Great for fresh eating and for cooking.
Reasor Green (Big Horse Creek Farm) Fruit is medium to large in size, roundish ovate with green skin that has a distinctive faint scarlet blush. The crisp, firm flesh is subacid with a very fine flavor. It has the peculiar habit of drying when slightly wounded instead of rotting. Ripens late fall and is an excellent keeper.
Red Alkmene A synonym for Red Windsor.
Redant Antonovka open pollinated, Yellow washed red, Originated in Morden, Manitoba. A large, white-fleshed, sweet, mild apple good for fresh eating and cooking. Keeps well in storage. Mid-late ripening
Red Apple
Red Astrachan Eating, cooking and cider apple. Medium sized, crimson colored, flesh is juicy, tart and crisp with good flavor. Very short storage.
Red Balsam
Red Baron Medium size. Coarse, dryish flesh. Pear-flavored. Acceptable mild (non-tart) cooking apple. Not very juicy. Orange blush over yellow, resembling traditional peach coloring.
Red Bellflower
Red Ben Davis
Red Berlepsch Crisp, juicy, aromatic and fine-textured white flesh with a high Vitamin C content.
Red Bietigheimer Large fruit is pale yellow to green overlaid with red. Firm, juicy white flesh is coarse and crisp with subacid flavor.
Red Bill
Red Bird
Red Blaze
Red Bob
Red Bone
Red Boskoop
Red Bouquet Delicious Fruit has dark red skin. Flesh is crisper and has better flavor than regular Red Delicious.
Red Brandy
Red Burlepsch
Red Butterscotch
Red Canel
Red Cathead
Red Cheese
Red Chief
Red Cinnamon
Red Coat McIntosh
Red Codlin (Forest Winter)
Redcort Crisp sweet apple that is good for eating and cooking. Similar to a Cortland.
Red Cortland
Red Cox Pomona
Red Crab
Red Delicious One of the most famous American apple varieties, a sport of Delicious, known for its bright red color.
Red Devil Red Devil is an attractive modern English mid-season apple, developed by the influential English apple enthusiast Hugh Ermen. It is notable for its attractive pink juice.
Red Dijmanszoet
Red Dougherty
Red Early Harvest
Red Early June
Red Esther
Red Falstaff A red-coloured sport of Falstaff, a popular garden apple tree.
Redfield Medium to large apple. Dark red with dark red flesh. Juice is red. Not for fresh eating.
Red Flesh
Redford (redflesh)
Redfree Medium size, glossy fruit with 90% bright red color. Smooth, waxy, russet-free skin. Light flesh is crisp and juicy.
Red Giant Cider Crab
Red Gold This one gets a blue ribbon for being the sweetest tasting apple ever developed. Keeps for weeks in the refrigerator.
Red Gold Stark
Red Gravenstein A red skinned form of Gravenstein. Synonyms: Albany Beauty, Roter Gravensteiner, Rosenapfel
Red Hackworth
Red Heart
Red Herbst Calville
Red Hook Carlton X McIntosh, deep red, Flesh white or cream, with outer half pink when fully ripe. Very good eating apple. Not for processing. Late-midseason ripening
Red Horse
Red Indian Sweet
Red Ingestrie
Red Ingrid Marie A synonym for Karin Schneider.
Red Jacket
Red James
Red Jersey (Loyal Drain) hard Cider
Red Jewel
Red Joaneting
Red Jonaprince A synonym for Red Prince.
Red Jonathan A more deeply colored sport of the original Jonathan, with similar good flavor and keeping qualities.
Red Jordan
Red June A North Carolina apple originating before 1800, this apple is perhaps the best eating apple to ripen before July. A cute, small to medium apple with red-over-yellow colored skin, this sprightly-flavored, crisp, and juicy, its beauty is exceptional for such an early apple. It was prized for its cooking quality as well. The tree does well on many different soils, is productive, and tends to bloom late, assuring a crop most years. It is susceptible to apple scab and cedar apple rust. The fruit ripens over a period of several weeks. This apple is a must for apple lovers. The flesh is white, fine grained, tender, juicy, and briskly subacid. Ripens late June into July.
Red King
Red Leaf
Red Leaf Ornamental Crab
Red Max Mclntosh
Red May
Red Moreila
Red Paduckah
Red Pippin A synonym for Fiesta.
Red Potts
Red Prairie Spy
Red Prince A deep red sweet apple. Unusually for a modern commercial apple Red Prince arose the old-fashioned way, discovered growing as a chance seedling in an orchard in 1994.
Red Queen
Red Ralls
Red Rebel (Big Horse Creek Farm) The yellowish flesh is crisp with a fine subacid flavor. Ripens late fall in most areas.
Red Reese (Big Horse Creek Farm) Fruit is medium-sized, roundish conical, irregular, with greenish-yellow skin splashed with red. Ripens in September.
Red Regent
Red Rome A redder-colored sport of Rome Beauty.
Red Royal Limbertwig One of the best for eating fresh, for apple butter, and cider - an all purpose apple. Apple is large, round, and some will be a bit conical. Red and greenish yellow with stripe and white dots. Very aromatic, firm, and crisp, very rich unusual pleasing taste.
Red Russet
Red Rusty
Red Saint Lawrence
Red Sauce As the name suggests, notable for its pink-stained flesh and resulting pink juice.
Red Scarlet
Red Sheepnose
Red Sheriff
Red Siberian
Redsleeves Red flushed, smooth skinned, dessert variety. Sweet, lightly aromatic, crisp, juicy flesh; can be weakly flavored.
Red Sparkle aka Morden 370
Red Splendor (RW)
Red Spy
Red Start
Red Streak A synonym for Herefordshire Redstreak.
Red Sweet
Red Tip
Red Torque
Red Transparent very large apples, very large tree, early season variety, sweet creamy flesh, gets soft very fast, found in a fencerow in Aumsville, OR
Red Vein Crab
Redwell Large, well colored fruit; red over yellow skin. Cream colored flesh. Mild, excellent flavor. Keeps until January in storage. Tree has strong framework and bears annually. Late season
Red Windsor A red sport of Alkmene, with the same strong Cox-style flavour, but with a distinctly different appearance. Also known as Sweet Lilibet.
Red Wine medium, round and slightly conical, green with red blush and stripes, a slightly tart, very interesting “red wine” flavor, ripe September. The limbs of this seedling tree tend to droop.
Red Winesap Medium size apple, with a thick red skin and crisp, crunchy, and juicy flesh.
Red Winter Jon
Red Winter Pearmain Small to medium size apples. Highly colored fruit is smooth, yellow and marked and striped with red dots. The tender flesh is yellow, course, creamy white and has a slightly acid flavor. Ripens very late.
Red Yorking
Regent Medium size fruit. Bright red over yellow. Very pleasing flavor and texture. Honeyed, plenty of acidity, crisp, crackling, juicy flesh. Cooked keeps shape, light flavor, sweet, fruity. Delicately flavored. High dessert quality does not diminish in storage. Fruit hangs well, rarely dropping before harvest. Resistant to cedar apple rust. Late season. Fruits store into the winter. Red Duchess X Delicious
Rehakls Inge
Reids Seedling
Reine Des Hatives hard Cider
Reine Des Pommes hard Cider
Reine des Reinettes A synonym for King of the Pippins.
Reinette Clochard A pretty yellow-skinned traditional French apple.
Reinette D Anjou
Reinette D'Armorique
Reinette De Bretagne
Reinette De France
Reinette D Escarde
Reinette Des Cusy
Reinette Des Geer
Reinette Des Mana
Reinette Des Pommes
Reinette Do Chenee
Reinette du Canada An old French russet variety, and remains the definitive French russet variety. Also known as Reinette Blanche du Canada.
Reinette Du Mans
Reinette Etoilee
Reinette Franche
Reinette Fugulan
Reinette Grise
Reinette Grise Ausseur
Reinette Grise De Portugal
Reinette Grise du Canada A more russeted form of the popular Reinette du Canada. Grown commercially in France and Italy.
Reinette Grise Parmentier
Reinette Grise Santoigne
Reinette Jamin
Reinette Jaune De Butzel
Reinette Jeghers
Reinette Marbree
Reinette Montfort
Reinette Ontz
Reinette Roughe Etoilee
Reinette Russet Larger than Golden Russet. Pleasant, very sweet flavor. Brownish yellow with faint red stripes on sunny side. Prominent lenticels. Picks 1 to 2 weeks earlier than Golden Russet
Reinette Simirenko
Reinette Thouin
Reinette Tres Tardiv
Reinette Van Ekenstein
Reinette Von Zorgvliet
Reins Reinette
Relnette Do Caravia
Relnette Rouge Etoilee
Renatta Dorata
Rene Martin
Reneta Woskowa
Renet Bergamotnyi
Renetka Crab
Repinaldo Du Liebana
Rescue Crab
Ressels Russet
Retina Light pink-orange over green-yellow. Long conical shape.
Reveles Bumbierabols
Reverend Morgan A local family heirloom of the Deep South, originating in Houston, Texas, an area not conducive to growing a wide variety of apples. The apple was first raised by Reverend Herman T. Morgan in 1965 from seeds of Granny Smith and produced its first fruit in 1972. It is well adapted to most regions and has been raised in agricultural zones 7 through 9 as well as areas further north. Fruit is medium to large, roundish-conical with rich pinkish-red skin. A fine quality apple that ripens in August.
Reverend W Wilks Good early cooker, and easy to grow.
Revival Large, round, yellow apple with brilliant orange and red streaks, very good fine grained flesh. Ripens October 30. Found growing in a fencerow at the Revival Campground in Turner, OR about 1986. Only bore good fruit about one year in four in the wild. Red Delicious x Winter Banana
Rexrode Beauty
Rezista Resi
Rhode Island Greening One of the oldest American varieties, known since the 1650s, and widely planted in the USA. Its main use is in cooking.
Ribston Pippin Famous Yorkshire apple variety, probably the parent of Cox's Orange Pippin.
Ribston Red
Ribston Spizenburg
Richards Graft
Richardson St. Lawrence X Duchess, red, Rich mellow flavor, white flesh. Vigorous grower, regularly productive. midseason
Richared Delicious Only fair color (blush), but better tasting than most modern strains. Flavor is rich and complex, with hint of coconut. Shape is bloated compared to Delicious, with wide middle.
Richelieu Medium size. Attractive, juicy, crisp. Very good flavor. Mild to subacid with high sugar and aroma.
Ricks Large White
Ring Jaw
Rival A Cox-style cooking apple, commercially successful in the 1920s.
Rivers Early Peach A medium sized yellow apple with a slight reddish flush. Coarse flesh that is dry but sweet, tasting of peaches.
Rivers Nonsuch A tall, yellow apple with red stripes and a rich fruity flesh.
Robinson Crab
Robys July
Rocket Red Braeburn Very intense red blush with narrow, intense stripes.
Rockingham Red
Roda Mantet
Roman Stem
Rome Beauty An extremely attractive and productive red cooking apple, widely-grown in North America.
Rome Beauty Barkley
Rome Beauty Compspur
Rome Beauty Lawspur
Rome Beauty Ruby
Rome Spice
Romfu Unknown
Ronalds Gooseberry Pippin
Rose Bud
Rose De Benauge
Rosemary Russet A classic English russet apple from the Victorian era, though not as well known as its contemporaries.
Rosette An early-season pink-fleshed apple variety, similar to Discovery.
Rosey Glow
Ross Nonpariel
Rossoshanskoje Polosatoje
Rosu De Cluj
Rosy Glow A synonym for Pink Lady.
Roter Eisen
Roter Stettiner
Rott Jarnpple
Rouge Belle De Boskoop
Round Tree Sweet
Rousse Latour
Rouville Red over pale green-yellow. Oblate. Juicy.
Rowan Beauty
Roxbury Russet Probably the first apple variety originating in North America, as a seedling from a variety brought from Europe by early settlers.
Royale De Angleterre
Royal Empire Distinctly redder than fruit from standard Empire, with 90% of the surface covered with dark purplish and red stripes. Taste is similar to Empire.
Royal Gala Orange-red sweet, crisp medium-size fruit.
Royal George A synonym for Clark's Seedling.
Royal Jersey
Royal Jubilee
Royal Leathercoat Russet
Royal Limbertwig This high quality apple grows well in the warmer areas of the south. Fruit is medium to large, its skin yellow with some red, and its flesh fine grained, juicy, tender, and mildly subacid. Fruit ripens in October.
Royal Russet A synonym for Leather Coat. Large and characteristic russet skin is brown with a greenish-yellow undercast. The yellow flesh has a sweet, nut-like flavor.
Royal Somerset A culinary apple from Somerset, keeps well, and widely-used for making cider. Described by the 19th century writer Hogg as "very excellent".
Royalty Massive fruits. Sweet-tart with an appley flavor and a firm, moderately breaking texture. Good storage life. Also known as NY75413-30. Ripens in early September. Let them get overripe and see how sweet they get.
Royalty Crab
Royal Wilding
Roy Vandenburg
Rubaiyat Etter 8-11. Radiant red inside and out. Its dessert quality is superb with a unique variant on the berrylike aromatics
Rubens An attractive modern apple from Italy which is now being promoted in European supermarkets.
Rubens UK NFC A dry and fairly soft apple with a noticeable hint of bananas, and a very attractive old-fashioned appearance.
Rubez Beauty
Rubinette An outstanding Cox-style apple from Switzerland, with probably the most perfect balance of sweet and sharp of any apple. An essential experience for anyone who appreciates apples. Probably the best-tasting apple in the world.
Rubinette Rosso A red-colored natural bud-mutation of Rubinette, trademarked as Rafzubex.
Rubinola A mid-season disease-resistant variety from the Czech Republic, with a very good flavor.
Rubin Queen
Ruby Jon Creamy, white flesh and crisp, juicy eating quality similar to old-fashioned Jonathan, with 100% Jonathan flavor and size.
Rudens Suitrotais
Rudolph Crab
Rugbra Precoce Breviglleri
Ruhm Aus Kirchwarder
Rumfo Unknown
Runkel Medium to large. Pink over green-yellow. Smooth and waxy with pronounced lenticels. Sweet, rich flavor. Very juicy, fairly crisp.
Runkel apple
Runnels Yellow
Rural Russet
Russet Golden Delicous
Russet King
Russet King Yellow
Russet Red Beautiful conical shaped, medium size apple. Red skin with yellow on one side and half covered with russet. Crisp, yellowish flesh, very good flavor. Good storage. Ripens September 25. I discovered this apple in salem OR in 1989. It was found in a fencerow growing intertwined with an undesireable seedling. I marked the correct branches with plastic tie and returned the next spring for scionwood. The tree was killed one or two years later.
Russet Sour
Russet Sweet
Russian 1
Russian 2
Russian Spy
Russian Transparent
Russosshansoje Polos
Rusty Coat Darker than Golden Russet with drier flesh. Very good flavor, excellent for drying, sauce and eating.
Rusty Coat Sour
Rusty Coat Sweet
Rusty Pippin
Rusty Sweet
Rusty Sweet Large
Saarlandor Mostapfel
Saint Edmund's Pippin Also known as Saint Edmund's Russet. An old classic English dessert apple that ranks among the best for fresh eating. It originated with a Mr. R. Harvey of Suffolk, England, and was recognized as a high quality fruit by the Royal Horticultural Society in 1875. Though not attractive with thin, scaly, patches of russet, the flavor has been described as being like pear flavored vanilla ice cream. Fruit is yellow-gold with large, diffuse patches of light brown russet. Cream-colored flesh is rich, juicy, and sweet. Ripens September to October.
Saint Edmund's Russet Synonym for Saint Edmund's Pippin
Saint Everard One of the more unusual Cox-derived apples, Saint Everard is the result of Cox pollinated by a well-regarded old English variety, Margil. As might be expected it has a high quality aromatic flavour. However it suffers from the cultural difficulties of Cox's Orange Pippin and did not achieve commercial success.
Salem Cider Medium sized, round, greenish-yellow, crisp apple with an excellent cider taste. Seedling found in a fencerow North of Salem, OR about 1993.
Sally Apple
Sally Gray
Salome It has a very good flavor, but its relatively small size and poor color contributed to its general lack of popularity. Fruit is medium to small, conical, and often ribbed. The smooth, tough yellow skin is mottled and blushed with pinkish-red and carmine striping. The yellowish flesh is firm, fine-grained, crisp, and juicy. Ripens in November.
Saltcote Pippin
Sam Young A small, globular, flattened little fall dessert apple of the most delicous flavor. The skin is yellow with red stripes and dots and streaks of russet. The flesh is yellowish white and crisp. An anchient Irish apple first made known to British pomologists in 1820. Sometimes the skin cracks, although not seriously. Very short stout stem. Sometimes dull russeted green skin. good for culinary, fair for fresh eating.
Sandow Similarity to its parent Northern Spy. Creamy flesh color and long keeping quality, but it has a fuller flavor, is hardier, and redder and less troubled by scab. Bright scarlet stripes and flush. Sweet, juicy melting flesh; definite flavor of raspberries. Quality very high. Aromatic, juicy and crisp.
San Jacinto Excellent variety for warmer climates and praised as one of the best varieties for north Texas, New Mexico and Kansas. Fruit is large, oblong to slightly conical with pale yellow skin, covered with a deep orange to reddish blush and overlaid with darker red nearly covering the entire apple. The crisp yellow flesh is juicy and refreshing. Ripens July
San Juan
Sansa Red, medium large. Sweet with acid. Resembles Gala flavor.
Sans Pareil An English apple variety from the Victorian era, or possibly earlier, with a good flavour, deserves to be more widely grown.
Santana A modern apple from the Netherlands, with a pleasant vinous flavour and bred specifically for reduced levels of proteins which can cause allergic reactions for some people.
Sapora A modern apple variety developed in France, related to Rubinette.
Sarry Sinap
Saturn An excellent modern English apple variety, developed at the famous East Malling research station.
Sauer Grauich
Scarlet Beauty
Scarlet Crofton A small to medium, flattish apple, orange-yellow with a brilliant scarlet flush, sometimes solid scarlet, always overlaid with a singular network of russet veins and conspicuous dots. The flesh is crisp and juicy. Rich sugary flavor. Never becomes mealy. Grown since Elizabethan times.
Scarlet Gala Unusually bright red color distinguishes it from other Galas. It is a medium sized apple. Oval to round in shape and slightly taller than other strains. Flesh is yellow, extremely firm, very juicy, and sweet and mildly aromatic.
Scarlet Nonpareil Fruit is medium sized, round, narrowing towards the apex, regularly and handsomely shaped. Skin is yellowish on the shaded side, streaked with pale red, but covered with red, which is streaked with deeper red, on the side next the sun, and covered with patches of russet and large russety specks. Flesh, yellowish white, firm, juicy, rich, and sugary. Cells, elliptical or ovate; axile, slit. A very excellent dessert apple of first-rate quality; it is in use from January to March. The tree is hardy, a good grower, though slender in its habit, and an excellent bearer.
Scarlet Ohara
Scarlet Pearmain S T P
Scarlet Pimpernel
Scarlet Pippin Very attractive medium sized round dessert apple. White, firm, crisp, melting flesh. Juicy and mildly subacid with good flavor.
Scarlet Surprise This is a trademarked name for Bill's Red Fleshed apple. It also goes by Firecracker, another trademarked name. One of the most striking examples of a red-fleshed apple variety. The red tendency dominates this apple, with not only the skin and flesh but also the leaves, wood, and blossoms all having a very pronounced red stain to them.
Scarlett O'Hara Fruit is round-conic, full blushed red, sweet and juicy. Hangs extremely well to the tree and sugars increase greatly until early October.
Schell Fruit is medium-sized, round, and occasionally lobed. Skin is clear yellow, sometimes with a pink blush on the sunny side. The fine-grained yellow flesh is crisp, juicy, and very aromatic. Ripens September to October.
Schmidtberger Reinette Medium sized fruit is green, flushed and striped red. Sweet-sharp, aromatic flesh.
Schoharie Spy
Schone Aus Herenhut
Schoner Aus Itzstedt
Schoner Aus Miltenberg
Schoolhouse Red
Schwitzer Himbeerapfel
Scifresh A synonym for Jazz.
Scotch Bridget A reliable Scottish cooking apple that is also widely-grown in north-west England.
Scotch Dumpling An early-ripening culinary apple, which cooks to a frothy puree.
Scotts Winter Vermont seedling, Red, Flesh tinged with yellow, sometimes stained with red. Very juicy, somewhat tart in early part of season, becoming milder toward season&#8217;s end. Tree bears at a young age. Midseason
Scottys Prolific (Prolific) small 2 1/4 inches across, pale yellow sometimes with a very light red blush, very mild tart flavor, crisp fine grained flesh, turns mealy after a few weeks in the refrigerator, bears early and abundantly, regular bearing. Discovered in a fencerow in Salem, OR, Ripens August 30
Scrumptious A new early-season English dessert apple, with very good flavour.
Seaeonk Sweeting
Secor Salome X Jonathan, striped red, Keeps well until Spring. Juicy, good flavor and texture. late season
Seestermuher Zitronenapfel
Segleo Pirus
Sekai Ichi Color of fruit varies form pale pink to darker red with red stripes. Sometimes solid red in the sun. Crisp, breaking, juicy flesh. Very sweet fine mild flavor.
Sellers Sweet
Selser Red
Senator A flattish round, medium size apple. Almost solid red over green background with prominent white or russet dots. Tender, crisp, juicy flesh. Most refreshing flavor.
Senshu This Fuji-type apple has a wonderful sweet flavor with a crisp, juicy texture. Pink stripe over green. Small to medium fruit, round to oblate.
Sensyu A synonym for Senshu.
September Ruby
September Wonder Fuji Blush. Approximates flavor of Fuji in spite of much shorter growing season.
Sergeant Russet Golden Delicious
Severnii Bujon
Severny Sinap
Shackleford Coal
Shamrock Medium size fruit is very similar in appearance to Granny Smith. Flesh is creamy light green and has a coarse texture with a sprightly flavor similar to McIntosh.
Shaphran Letnij
Sharleston Pippin
Sharon Yellow fruit striped with red. Flesh sweet, soft &amp; juicy. Can lack acidity and taste woody. Generally similar to McIntosh, but sweeter and firmer. High quality.
Shaw Ribston
Shay The red elongated fruit is crisp, sweet, and great for fresh eating.
Sheepnose A synonym for Black Gilliflower.
Sheepnose Bellflower
Sheepnose Delicious
Sheepnose Sweet
Shell of Alabama From Alabama, good write up in Calhoun’s book
Shenandoah Quite similar to its parent Opalescent, and a pleasant sweet apple in its own right
Sheppards Sweet
Sherrington Norman hard Cider
Shiawassee Yellow fruit covered with red flush and darker streaks. Crisp, juicy, aromatic, subacid flavor.
Shinibalt (Packistan)
Shin Indo
Shinning Pippin
Shinsei Resembles Golden Delicious but harder. Medium size, round, greenish yellow fruit. Firm, fine grained white flesh. Very sweet, scented, crisp &amp; juicy.
Shizuka Same parentage as Mutsu (Crispin). Large. Yellow with red-orange blush. Sweeter with less acid than Mutsu (not necessarily preferable), but excellent flavor.
Shockley Sweet apple with a very complex, spicy flavor and a hard breaking texture. Circa 1852, originally from Georgia and somehow connected to a man named Shockley. Ripens in mid-October
Shockley Cantrell Yellow skin flushed brownish red, streaked pink with crisp flesh an a sweet flavor. It is one of the best if not the very best winter keeper. Anyone who has tasted Shockley apple preserves will tell you there isnothing like them.
Shockley Grizzle Greenish yellow skin flushed brownish red, and streaked with pink, crisp flesh is sweet and rich. The season is late and is a very good keeper.
Shoemaker Apple from South Carolina possibly originating from Germany
Short One
Siberian Crab Red Flesh
Siberian Glow
Sierra Beauty Large blocky handsome apple. Greenish yellow skin. Striped or blushed with red. Juicy very crisp moderately sweet flesh.   Rich, tart, sprightly flavor. Excellent for eating fresh or cooking. Good keeper.
Signe Tillisch
Silken Medium size. Cream colored translucent. No blush or stripe pattern. Very clear, no visible lenticels. Crisp, juicy, excellent flavor. Short season, not a keeper.
Silver Cup
Simson (10-35)
Singe Tillisch
Sin Qua Non
Sinta Medium sized fruits are pale yellow, sometimes almost white with a pinkish blush in the sun. Crisp, juicy, deep cream flesh; sweet, aromatic flavor superior to either parent.
Sir Isaac Newton's Tree The tree under which the famous scientist gained the inspiration for his theory of gravitation.
Sir Prize Large greenish yellow fruit. High quality, but very thin tender skin that bruises easily. Very sweet, scented taste, crisp &amp; juicy.
Skinner's Seedling Greenish-yellow apple, blushed pink, good for cooking and eating. Flesh white and fine-grained.
Skov Foged
Skyrmes Kernel
Skyview Rootstock sprout from a grafted crabapple. medium-large, red, tangy, melting flesh. Does not keep. September 25.
Slava Pobeditelyam
Slick Green
Slippery Cider
Slocan Lake
Small Summer Queen
Smarts Prince Arthur
Smith 1
Smith Cider
Smith Jonathan
Smiths Seedling
Smitten A typical modern fresh-tasting apple from New Zealand, related to Falstaff, Fiesta, Gala, and Braeburn.
Smokehouse Large, flattish shape, yellow flushed and striped red. Flesh crisp, yellowish, moderately fine-grained. Fresh cider flavor. Very good quality cooking, eating, and baking apple. Keeps well through March.
Smokey Twig
Smoky Mountain Limbertwig
Smoothee Golden Delicious Continues to be the most russet-resistant Golden Delicious strain, allowing quality Goldens to be grown where proneness to russetting would otherwise prohibit Golden production. Essentially the same as Golden Delicious except for skin smoothness and russet resistance.
Snow 1600s Quebec.
Snow Apple A synonym for Fameuse.
Snowdrift Crab
Snow Of Iowa
Snow Sweet A cold-hardy red apple from the University of Minnesota.. Sweet with a slight tart balance and rich overtones. Firm, snow white flesh is very slow to oxidize when exposed to air. 3-inch oblate shaped fruit, 70-85% bronze-red blush over a green-yellow background.
Snowsweet (Minn 1797) Sharon X Connell Red, Yellow with bronze blush, New introduction from the MN apple breeding program. Great eating apple with a rich, sweet flavor and a touch of tartness. Firm, white flesh is slow to oxidize. Late ripening
Sokeri Miron
Somerset of Maine
Somerset Red Streak hard Cider
Sommer Belleflower
Sonata A synonym for Pinova.
Sonya A very new apple variety, but already popular with fans of sweeter apples - and one of the most popular pages on this website.
Sops of Wine Formerly sold in the South as Hominy, Sops of Wine is described as an excellent early summer apple which grows well in all regions of the South. Its exact origins are unclear, but Beach (1905) says it is an ancient English culinary and cider apple. Fruit medium to large, slightly conical, with greenish-yellow skin covered with dark red and faint red striping. Flesh is yellow and often stained with pink, tender, aromatic, and not very juicy. Ripens late June to July, later in the mountains.
Sour Buff
Sour June
Sour Russet
Sour Sweetning
South Dakota Bison
South Dakota Bona Crab
South Dakota Macata
South Dakota Winter
Southers Favorite White Sweet
Southfield A synonym for Jazz.
Souvenir De Fernand Cognet hard Cider
Spaanse Kellng
Spartan Attractive, crunchy, sweet, easy to grow, and with the characteristic delicate wine-like "vinous" flavor of the McIntosh family of apples.
Spasovka Kvsana
Speckled Red
Spencer McIntosh X Golden Delicious, Fruit is large, oblong to conical with yellow skin flushed and streaked with carmine and reddish-orange. Eating quality excellent, core smaller than McIntosh. The greenish-white flesh is soft, tender and very sweet. Tree vigorous, upright, spreading. Late ripening Spencer is a high-quality dessert apple that has not received the attention that it deserves. Ripens in September and is a good keeper.
Spencer Fruit is large, oblong to conical with yellow skin flushed and streaked with carmine and reddish-orange. Eating quality excellent, core smaller than McIntosh. The greenish-white flesh is soft, tender and very sweet. Tree vigorous, upright, spreading. Late ripening Spencer is a high-quality dessert apple that has not received the attention that it deserves. Ripens in September and is a good keeper. McIntosh X Golden Delicious
Spencer Seedless
Spencs Bridge
Spice Apple
Spice of North Georgia Over the years there have been numerous varieties of old southern apples named &#8220;Spice&#8221;which originated in small local communities or regions but never gained much attention outside their areas of origin. Calhoun lists several examples of these in his book, including Virginia Spice, Spice Sweet, Early Spice, Cumberland Spice and Winter Spice. The Spice apple of northern Georgia was made available to the public by our friend Joyce Neighbors of Gadsden, Alabama. It is an old family apple dating back over 100 years. It is a fine fresh-eating apple and makes great apple pie. An early apple variety, ripening in July-August.
Spice of Old Virginia
Spice Russet
Spigold Large golden yellow fruit 75% covered with bright red stripes. Tender skin. Fine grained firm crisp yellow flesh, sprightly and sweet. Stores well.
Spijon The fruits are large, of good quality, and have a very attractive red blush.
Spike Anderson
Spire Crimson
Spire Emerald
Spire Irish
Spire Maypole
Spire Northpole
Spire Scarlet
Spire Ultra
Spitzenburg A synonym for Esopus Spitzenburg.
Spitzenburg Red
Splendour Almost immune to fire blight: by far the most blight-resistant variety yet tested at Geneva. Beautiful carmine-red apples ripening with Mutsu; fabulous winter keeper. Sweet, very low acid. A popular commercial apple variety in New Zealand.
Spokane Beauty
Spoon Creek Amish
Spotted Pippin
Spring Grove Codlin
Spur Red Golden
Spy Double Red
Stahis Prince
Stak Winter King
St Albans Pippin
St Anna
St Anna Rode Boskoop
Stardust Stardust is a seedling found in an old pippin orchard on Quarry road in Aromas in 2009. On a well-tended tree it produces large handsome 5-pointed, conical, slightly ribbed fruit, dark red in color and speckled with prominent gold lenticels, suggestive of Bellflower, one of it’s probable parents. Great, rich, celestial flavor, crisp texture, very good keeper.
Stark Blushing Golden
Stark Earliest
Starkey Thought to be a seedling of Ribston Pippin, the variety has its parents' good dessert qualities but with white flesh and and is a larger, more colorful fruit striped and splashed bright red over a yellow ground. A hardy regular bearer. Ripens in early October. An old Maine apple which originated in Vassalboro on the farm of Moses Starkey in 1800.
Starking Delicious A striped improvement of the original Delicious, inferior in color and typiness compared to today's selections, but superior in taste. Much more complex flavor with a honey component.
Starkrimson Crisp, dense flesh, very sweet, quite juicy - a Delicious-style apple
Starkrimson Red Delicious The first super strain of Delicious. Has the "black" red when fully colored. Flavor not as good as predecessors.
Starr Large, yellow-green fruit. Crisp, tart and juicy flesh.
Star Song
State Fair Fruit is round, conic, medium sized. Fruit is brilliantly striped with reddish orange over a yellow background. Creamy flesh is firm, juicy aromatic and sweet and firmer than most early varieties. Moderately subacid flavor. Excellent for fresh eating. Fruit ripens uniformly. Early season. Keeps well for a summer apple. Mantet X Oriole
Stayman An old American dual-purpose apple variety, popular in Virginia. Descended from Winesap, and in most respects an even better apple.
Stayman Dermen
Stayman Double Red
Stayman Nured
Stayman Winesap Stayman is a progeny of Winesap and like its well known and historic parent, is an apple of the highest quality. The apple arose in 1866 when Dr. J. Stayman planted seeds of Winesap on his farm in Leavenworth, Kansas. Like Winesap, it has sterile pollen and cannot pollinate other apple trees. Fruit is medium to large with smooth greenish-yellow skin mostly covered with stripes and splashes of red and crimson. The tangy whitish-yellow flesh is firm, crisp, and juicy. Ripens in October.
St Cicellia
St Clair
Stearns Red stripes and a yellow background. It's creamy white flesh, although crisp to the teeth, is melting and tender and almost dissolves on the tongue. Its flavor has a rich luscious pure apple taste. Good savory taste. Plenty of sweetness, acidity, &amp; juice. Fruits up to 3" in circumference.
Stedinger Prinz
Steels Red
Stembridge Cluster
Stembridge Jersey hard Cider
Stephans Wonder
St Everard
St Francis
St Gold
Stirling Castle A popular Victorian cooking apple from Stirling in Scotland, produces a good-flavoured puree.
St Johnsbury Sweet
St Lawrence Fameuse open pollinated, yellow, red stripes, Tender, fine-grained white flesh stained with red. Very good for eating; has a mild, pleasant flavor. midseason
St Martin
Stockers Knob
Stoke Red A bittersharp English cider apple which gained attention in the 1920's when surveys found trees growing in Rodney Stoke, England. It produces a sharp juice with a distinctive astringency, qualities favored for producing fine, sharp English cider. The tree is vigorous and a heavy cropper, but is usually slow to bear. Fruit is waxy red with a fine aroma. Ripens late November to December
Stollsteimer 1
Stone Blue Pearmain X Unknown, red striped, Locally known and esteemed variety. Tree long-lived and healthy. Sweet, yellow flesh with great flavor. Tends to overbear, so fruit may need to be thinned. Late ripening
Strawberry Del.
Strawberry Parfait Early season apple with hints of strawberry flavoring
Strawberry Pippin Strawberry Pippin is a lovely red-striped apple with a pleasant crunch and a very pleasing sweet-tart flavor. The origin of this attractive apple is uncertain but is thought to have come from England at an unknown date. The medium-sized apple is striped with light and dark red with a light red blush on the sunny side. The crisp white flesh is juicy and quite sweet. Ripens in September and is a fair keeper.
Strawberry Rome
Streaked June
Striped Beauty Crab
Striped Beefing
Striped Ben Davis
Striped Early Harvest
Striped Harvey Green overlaid with red streaks, Sweet, but with enough tartness to bring out the rich flavor. From George Stilphen of Harrison, ME. midseason
Striped June
Striped Tawny
Stuarts Golden
Stump of the World
Sturdeespur Bright cherry-red blush fruit. Creamy, high quality flesh. Color reaches full bright red ahead of maturity which is in the middle area of Red Delicious strains. Known for it's aromatic flavor and fresh eating quality.
Sturmer Pippin A popular Victorian dessert apple variety, notable for its exceptional keeping qualities.
Subtropical Apple
Sudeten Reinette
Sugar Ball
Sugarloaf Pippin Some early literature indicates this apple originated in England but most likely it arose in Russia. It was a popular apple widely grown in the Ohio Valley in the 1880s and was believed to have been brought to this region from Pennsylvania around 1824. It was listed in a North Carolina nursery catalog in 1855. The apple is medium-sized, roundish and somewhat flattened with light green skin with heavy russeting around the cavity and large, distinctive, russeted dots. The flesh is white, fine-grained, somewhat dry and quite sweet. Ripens in August.
Sugar Lump
Sugar Sweet
Suigis Desert
Suislepas Rozabols
Summer Banana A very attractive apple with a distinct banana flavor and aroma when fully ripe. The apple originated in Marion County, South Carolina and was sold there and in North Carolina until the early 1900&#8217;s. In 1900, it was trademarked by the J. Van Lindley Nursery of Greensboro, North Carolina. The fruit is slightly conical, having deep yellow skin with a faint red blush and pink and red stripes. Ripens August to September.
Summer Bellflower
Summer Buckingham
Summer Buff
Summer Champion Originates from Arkansas. Once an important commercial variety in Texas. This is one of the better summer apples. Medium-sized round-conical shaped. Yellow green skin covered with red and pink stripes. Flesh semifirm, juicy, nearly white and moderately subacid developing a balanced flavor with old time apple taste. It is a very productive variety. Ripens late July to August.
Summer Cheese
Summer Cider
Summer Delicious
Summer Gold
Summer Golden Pippin
Summer Granny
Summer Green
Summerian Red Mac
Summer King A very fine and attractive apple brought into Kentucky from North Carolina in the early 1800s. It became known as King in Kentucky and was an important commercial variety there around 1850. Once considered to be extinct, it was rediscovered in 1986 by apple collector Joyce Neighbors of Alabama. Fruit is medium to large with greenish-yellow skin overlaid with red and crimson stripes and splashes. The yellowish-white flesh is brittle, tender, fine-grained, and juicy. Ripens July to August.
Summer Ladyfinger This apple was discovered several years ago in an old orchard in Fries, Virginia and is believed to be the old Maryland apple, Ladyfinger. Fruit is medium, roundish
Summer Mac Bright red apple with creamy white flesh.
Summer Orange In the early 1980&#8217;s, Lee Calhoun rediscovered this old North Carolina apple growing in a homeowner&#8217;s field in Chatham County, NC. From 1920
Summer Pearmain Predating 1817, By 1826 it had entered the collection of London Horticultural Society, at Chiswick. It received high marks from apple experts for its most exceptional taste. Medium sized, oblong, regular and handsome. Fruit is medium or larger in size, greenish-yellow with patches and streaks of pale red to purple red, with brighter red near the sun, and oblong in shape. The flesh is yellow, very juicy, crisp, aromatic, and mildly subacid. The fruit ripens gradually on the tree over a period of at least four weeks. It also dries quite well. Must be picked when ripe or its peak flavor is lost. A good bearer and good on light soils. Tree is a weak grower and fireblight susceptible. This is an early blooming variety and matures late July to August.
Summer Pink
Summer Queen Summer Queen is a very popular southern apple variety which originated in New Jersey in the 1800&#8217;s. It is a very productive tree and is a late bloomer which protects it from most late spring frosts. It is a very fine cooking and drying apple with a rich, spicy flavor. Fruit is medium to large in size, roundish-conical to oblong in shape, with pale yellow skin striped with dull red and dark crimson. The aromatic yellow flesh is coarse and juicy with a spicy subacid flavor. Ripens July to August.
Summer Rambo This apple is of French origin and once quite popular in Maryland and Virginia. The fruit can be picked while still green for frying, pies and applesauce. The fruit can be large and is often ribbed with unequal sides. Skin is greenish yellow washed with pink and carmine on the sun exposed side. The greenish yellow flesh is coarse, tender and very juicy. Ripe August- September.
Summer Ribbon
Summer Rose Summer Rose is a very high quality, early season apple originating in New Jersey in the early 1800s. It compares favorably with other better- known early apples such as Red Astrachan and Yellow Transparent. It is a late bloomer and escapes most late spring frosts. Excellent both for eating and stewing. The size is moderate, the form flat, the skin smooth of a beautiful yellow resembling yellow wax, blended with red in streaks and blotches. The flesh is sweet, sprightly, and juicy. Ripens June to July and does not store well.
Summer Row
Summer Scarlet
Summerset Of Maine
Summerset Redstreak
Summer Song
Summer Sweet
Summer Sweet Paradise
Summer Treat Fruits are large to very large, of angular, oblong-conic shape, with glossy skin blushed 70-100% brilliant red. The coarse, cream colored flesh is crisp, sweet, and good fresh from the tree when the fruits are ripe. Fruits hang well, but lose quality quickly and become mealy if not harvested. Storage life is short.
Sunburst A new orange-skinned pink-fleshed apple.
Suncrisp Good looking yellow apple with a 0-40% orange-red blush. Flavor is sweet yet mildly subacid, said to be intense. Cream colored flesh, not prone to browning. Fruit can be stored up to 6 months in cold storage.
Sundance A modern disease-resistant apple with an attractive yellow blush.
Sunday Sweet
Sun Dog
Sundowner A late-season apple from Australia, whose varietal name is Cripps Red and which is related to Pink Lady®.
Sunny Brook Yellow, blushed red, A large apple good for culinary use, fair for fresh eating. Fruit slightly acid but also sweet. Flavor holds up well in cooking. Fruits at a young age. Early season Heyer 12 X Morden 359
Sunrise One of the best early apple varieties, ripening in the UK in late August.
Sunset Popular garden alternative to Cox, easier to grow, and has a similar flavour albeit lacking some of the depth.
Sunshower CHM
Suntan Excellent, Regular and heavy cropping, long keeping apple with a great flavor of tropical fruits. A beautiful, medium orange-red apple flushed with gold and striped with red. Flesh is crisp, cream-colored, and juicy with an intense, superb sweet-sharp flavor. Aromatic, complex and one of our favorite Cox crosses. A vigorous tree, heavy cropper. Ripens Late. 1956. Cox Orange Pippin x Court Pendu Plat
Superchief Spur Red Delicious One of the best red sports of Red Delicious. Starts out as a stripe and fills in to a solid red a full ten days ahead of its parent.
Super Jon
Super Lory
Super Manga
Surpasse Frequin
Surprise Small, green winter apple with creamy white, red stained flesh.
Surprise Reinette
Surprize A new pink-fleshed apple variety with an orange skin.
Sussex Mother
Sutton Beauty Uniform and symmetrical shape, beautiful color and pleasant quality makes it an excellent eating apple. Too mild for culinary use. Flesh slightly tinged with yellow, rather firm, moderately fine-grained, crisp, tender, juicy, mild subacid.
Suttons Beauty A high-quality dessert apple which originated in 1848 in Sutton, Massachusetts. It was once raised as a commercial variety in New York around 1900. A productive but biennial variety occasionally susceptible to fireblight. Fruit is medium-sized with waxy greenish-yellow skin shaded and striped with crimson. The whitish flesh is tinged with yellow and is crisp, juicy and fine-grained. A very early bloomer ripening in September.
Swaar One of the finest winter apples. Large with yellow skin covered with brown spots and irregular patches of scarlet on the sunny side. The flesh is very hard, solid, crisp, sweet with a fine, rich flavor. Ripens first of November.
Swanzies Sauce
Swayzie Golden yellow sprinkled with russet spots and streaks with cinnamon russet becoming solid at base. Rich, distinctive flavor; aromatic and sprightly. Excellent eating apple.
Sweden Spartan
Sweet 16
Sweet Abram
Sweet Alford Fruit small-medium, pale yellow blushed pink. Sweet, juicy flesh. High quality.
SweeTango Deep red coloration over a yellow breaking background. Crisp, juicy, sweet fruit.
Sweet Appin
Sweet Bausel
Sweet Bough Medium-large green apple. Juicy, tender flesh, honeyed sweetness.
Sweet Buff
Sweet Caroline
Sweet Coppin A traditional English mild bittersweet cider variety from Devon.
Sweet Delicious Large, greenish yellow fruit, flushed reddish-orange with red streaks. Firm, fine, creamy white, melting flesh. Very sweet with an aromatic flavor. Excellent keeper.
Sweet Dutchy
Sweet Emma
Sweet Heart
Sweet Horse
Sweet June
Sweet King
Sweet Ladlng
Sweet Lilibet A synonym for Red Windsor.
Sweet Mclntosh Lawver X McIntosh, red-yellow, In spite of its name, does not resemble McIntosh. Large fruit, sweet, aromatic. Keeps 150 days at 30 degrees F. Late ripening
Sweet Neverfail
Sweet Pippin
Sweet Potato
Sweet Pound
Sweet Queen
Sweet Russet
Sweet Rusty Coat
Sweet Sal
Sweet Sixteen Large, red striped fruit. Firm, crisp, aromatic flesh. Spicy and rich-flavored, sweet, crisp apple with good storage qualities. Mildly coarse, yellowish flesh&: excellent eating. midseason. MN 447 X Northern Spy, striped red
Sweet Spice
Sweet Striped June
Sweet Valentine
Sweet Water
Sweet William
Sweet Winesap Originated in New York in the late 1890s. Fruit size is medium to large and somewhat conical in shape. The smooth, tough skin is greenish-yellow mostly covered with light red and carmine striping. The clean, white flesh is crisp, fine-grained, juicy and very sweet. An attractive red winter apple, symmetrical, uniform, medium to large size. It is excellent in quality for dessert or for baking or other culinary uses. Skin tough, smooth, pale yellow or greenish nearly overspread with bright light red with carmine stripes. Flesh nearly white, firm, rather fine, moderately crisp, tender, juicy, distinctly sweet, good to very good. Ripens in October and is a good keeper.
Swiss Gourmet A synonym for Arlet.
Swiss Limbertwig Most unusual color of purplish maroon with dots, medium in size, very good apple for fresh eating.
Swiss Orange Synonym for Schweitzer Orangeapfel
Swiss Pippin
T 3913 (Canada)
T 391 (Canada)
Tailin Pear Apple Ost
Taint Fraise
Tale Sweet
Tallow Pippin Fruit rather large. Clear yellow with waxy surface. Flesh a little coarse, very juicy, sprightly, subacid, and desirable for either dessert or culinary uses. It is apt to drop as it ripens.
Tall Top
Tango Wine
Tan Yard Seedling Late ripening yellow apple, blooms late in the season, good for pies and cooking
Tar Button Mediumsize apple, greenish with red stripes, crisp flesh with a fine flavor
Tardive Forester
Tasmans Pride
Tater House
Tates Blushing Maiden
Tauton Cross
Taylor Sweet to mild bittersweet type. Greenish-yellow skin with red flush.
Taylor Russet
Taylors Favorite
Taylor Sweet
Tazmans Pride
TB 38/60 (Sweden)
Teign Harvey
Telstar Small, oblate (flat). Has the same parentage as Gala. Strong, complex flavor. Sweeter than Cox with less acid.
Tender Flesh
Tenderskin (Lawson&#8217;s Nursery) Known here in the North Georgia mountains as Tenderine, It is one of the very best tasting apples we grow, medium size or larger, The skin is yellow, very thin and tender, striped and splashed with red. Yellowish flesh is tender with a very fine flavor.
Tenessee Beauty
Tennessee Green
Ten Ounce
Tentation Another modern take on Golden Delicious, often with an attractive orange flush.
Terry Winter Originated in Fulton County, GA before 1860. It is well adapted to many climates and will grow and fruit well in both warmer climates and mountain areas. It blooms very late, escaping most frosts. The apples are red, sweet, juicy, firm, and store well. The flavor is quite unique. Ripens late in the season. Quite resistant to the major apple diseases.
Tetofsky Russian importation, greenish yellow, Small, flavorful, can be used for cooking before ripe and fresh eating when ripe. early
Teton De Demoiselle
Tex Red Winesap
Thair 3-1
Thelmas Gold
Thew Gold
Thick Banana
Thoday's Quarrenden A mid/late season English dessert apple, raised in Cambridge in the mid 20th century, but thought to be related to the early-season Devonshire Quarrenden.
Thomas Roland
Thome Empire Colors to a deep burgundy three weeks earlier than standard Empire.
Thorgauer Weinapfel
Thornberry (Crab) Translucent yellow skin reveals the raspberry-pink flesh inside. Unique berry flavor; sprightly and refreshing. Ripens in October
Thunderchild Crab A small upright, spreading tree with purple foliage and delicate pink flowers in spring followed by small red fruit. Orange-yellow fall colour. Very resistant to fireblight. One of the most reliable performers. Introduction from Saskatoon, Saskatchewan.
Tickled Pink A synonym for Baya Marisa.
Tinas Favorite probably a seedling of Winter Banana, small yellow apple, very strong aroma, flavor similar to Winter Banana. Fencerow Wildling.
Tioga Large green, turning to yellow skinned late apple. Mild but mellow flavor.
Titus Mystery
Titus Pippin
Tohoko 2
Tohoku 4
Toka CHM
Toko Fruit is conic oblate, irregular and ribbed. This skin has a dull, rough finish and rather unattractive color, yellow-green with brownish-orange blush. The flesh is greenish yellow, firm, crisp, aromatic and slightly subacid. Flavor and keeping quality are excellent.
Tolman Sweet Excellent for cider and drying, also a good dessert and baking apple. Large green or yellow apple, sometimes blushed red with lines of russet, often marked by a suture top to bottom. Flesh is firm, dry to moderately juicy, decidedly sweet. Historically, a highly esteemed "sweet" apple. Sweet Greening X Old Russet
Tompkins County King
Tom Putt An old English cider apple which can also be used as a cooking apple.
Toms All Red
Toney This is a wonderful North Carolina apple. A local apple once widely grown in Rowan, Stanly and Cabarrus counties in central North Carolina, Tony is high-quality apple considered by many to be one of the finest for applesauce, apple butter, pies and drying. The fruit is small to medium and somewhat conical in shape. The skin is light green with an occasional light red blush on the sunny side. The fine-grained white flesh is white, moderately juicy and not very crisp. Ripens August to September.
Topaz One of the best modern disease-resistant varieties, fairly sharp flavour
Topfield Green keeper
Torino 31B
Tough Hide
Tower Of Glamis
Trailman Trail X Osman, Green overlaid with red, Superhardy crabapple about 2 inches in diameter, good for eating and sauce. Flesh crisp, juicy. Tree vigorous and productive. Early-midseason
Trajan A synonym for Polka.
Trakiiska Rama
Transcendant Crab
Transparent De Croncels
Travetsu Renet
Trebu Seklandzis
Tremlett's Bitter Bitter-sweet cider apple. Medium fruit, yellow skin flushed red.
Triple E Fuji Solid red, no stripes.
Tropical Beauty
Trusevitch 1-48-41
Trusevitch V-5-38
Tryumph De Boskoop
Tsugaru 75% red over color on yellow background. Medium sized, mid- season maturing fruit. Resembles Golden Delicious, but firmer fleshed. Weakly flavored, sweet-tart, crisp and juicy.
Tucker Everbearing
Tumanga Yellow with an orange blush, very juicy, pleasantly aromatic, sweet, mildly subacid, a strong grower and regular bearer. A good keeper, its flavor heightens as it is kept in storage until March. Light skinned. Cox's Orange Pippin x Schoner von Nordhausen.
Tun Apple
Turkey 39
Turkey Run
Turley Winesap Round, dull red fruit. Triploid. Resembles Stayman, but is more crack resistant and eating quality is not as good. Ripens in October, Stores well.
Tuscan A synonym for Bolero.
Twelfth Ave
Twenty Ounce Very large, striped red over a greenish background color. Flesh white and semi- firm. Excellent mid-season cooking apple also good for dessert. Medium sized tree comes into bearing young.
Twenty Two Ounce
Twinkling Star
Twistbody Jersey hard Cider
Two Chimney Apple
Two Tone
Tydeman Powell
Tydeman Red McIntosh X Worcester Pearmain, red, Beautiful white flesh against clear red skin. Mild, pleasant flavor, good eating apple. Keeps well at 32 degrees F. Early to early-midseason
Tydeman's Early Worcester A sweet early-season English apple, grown commercially on a small scale. Has a good flavour and somewhat under-rated.
Tydeman's Late Orange A popular Cox-style apple, with a later season and sharper flavour.
Tydemans Michaelmas Red
Tydeman's Red A synonym for Tydeman's Early Worcester.
Tydernans Late Orange England, 1930&#8217;s. Laxton&#8217;s Superb x Cox&#8217;s Orange. The skin is gold with green and red stripes and yellowish flesh. This variety has a great tart-sweet balance and tastes a little bit like a mandarin or an orange. October
Type 2
Type 3
Ultra Mac
Umpqua Late Sweet
Upton Pyne Primarily a cooking variety, notable for a delicate pineapple-like flavour. Cooks to puree.
Uralian Butter
Uralian Winter Apple
Uralskoje Nalivonje
Uster Apfel
Uttwiler Sptlauber An old Swiss apple variety, enjoying new-found popularity because of its alleged anti-aging properties.
Vagnon Ascher
Vandaver June
Vanderpool Red Medium-small red fruit. Very firm and flavorful. Stays juicy in storage until April.
Vandevere Pippin of Indiana
Van Essletine Crab
Van Houten
Van Hoy No Core
Van Mons Reinette
Varginia Sweet
Vartanian 2
Velma Glow
Venus Pippin
Verns Pippin
Vicks Pick
Victoria Sweet
Victory A McIntosh-style apple. Snow white coarse flesh. Aromatic and juicy with good acidity.
Viking Very deep, dark maroon to purple color. Highly aromatic. Crisp and juicy, richly flavorful with acid component. Outstanding flavor retention when cooked. Does not drop prematurely. Tree a vigorous grower. midseason. Keeps about 1 month.
Vilberie Vilberie is a traditional French hard-cider variety, producing a very tannic but sweet bittersweet juice.
Vinella Pippin
Virginia Beauty medium to large, round and slightly conical, dark blackish red with prominent russet around the stem, mildly tart, ripe October. The most beloved Southern apple. exceptional disease resistance and sweet fruit
Virginia Crab
Virginia Gold Bright yellow fruit with pink blush. Crisp juicy flesh with flavors similar to Newtown Pippin. Should be stored to reach peak flavor. A great pollinator.
Virginia Greening A large, oblate, yellowish-green apple with hard, firm flesh. Valued as a late keeper. Flesh creamy yellow or greenish, very firm, hard, breaking, coarse, moderately juicy, mild, subacid becoming somewhat sweet.
Virginia Pippin
Virginia Sweet A beautiful apple. Very striking apple in appearance with deep, rich red skin, overlaid with large and distinctive irregular russet dots which cover the surface of the fruit. The crisp, juicy white flesh is very sweet and aromatic. Ripens in September.
Vista Bella Blushed red over yellow, Large fruit with creamy white flesh. Good quality dessert apple. Tree upright and spreading. Tends to bear biennially. A very-early season dessert apple. Melba X Senora
Vixen Not quite as large as an ordinary apple, Vixen is still several times the size of Wickson. And while it doesn't have the unprecedented sugar content of Wickson, it does have enough sweetness to render it an excellent eating apple. Vixen ripens several weeks later than its namesake (i.e. early November ) and stands up better to weather.
Wadhurst Pippin
Wagener One of the best late fall varieties for dessert, sauce, cider, juice and storage. Doesn't shrivel. Medium sized, glossy green, red flushed fruit. White flesh, very crisp, juicy and tender, resembles NorthernSpy in taste.
Walker Pippin
Wallace Sweet
Waltana Medium to large, variable sized green apple with thin red striping and crisp, firm juicy flesh.
Walter Pease A pleasant flavored apple of good size, attractive appearance and excellent dessert quality, too mild for culinary purposes. Fruits striped red, crisp.
Waltz Dark red with green. Tastes like Red Delicious.
Wantage 4 or 5 separate distinct flavors and aromas. It is a fall apple and should be picked with McIntosh. Yellow, conical, medium sized apple.
Warners King
Washed Russet A very large russet apple. Markings and shadings of yellow and bronze russet with patches of clear shiny skin gave it the appearance of having been washed. Crisp, juicy flavorful flesh useful for eating or culinary purposes. Sometimes develops a pronounced reddish brown cheek when exposed to the sun. Discovered by Conrad Gemmer. Heavy, consistent bearer.
Washington Greening
Washington Royal
Washingtons Oldest
Washington Strawberry
Water Core
Water Sweet
Water Valley
Wax Apple
Wax Orange
Wayne Dessert, canning, freezing and sauce apple. Large fruit.
Wayside Wayside is a mid-season dessert apple, probably a seedling of Charles Ross, which it resembles in appearance and flavour.
Wealthy Excellent dessert and multi-use apple, picked a few weeks early for cooking. Beautiful fruit ripens to bright red across the surface. Crisp, juicy flesh. Refreshing, sprightly, vinous flavor. Greenish-yellow striped with bright red, Good tasting when freshly picked and well-suited for sauce and other home processing. Tree stays small and is a heavy bearer. Late ripening. Cherry Crab X Sops of Wine
Wealthy Red
Websters Pink Meat
Weidners Goldreinette
Weirouge A red-fleshed apple variety which has been used as the basis for commercial development of new red-fleshed apples.
Weisser Rosemarinapfel
Weisser Winter Taffetapfel
Welday Jonathan 4X
Wellington red striped, Large fruit ripens all at once. Excellent for sauce, culinary uses and fresh market. Juicy with nice tart flavor. Does best when planted with other early-blooming cultivars, such as McIntosh and Melba. Early ripening. Cortland X Crimson Beauty
Wellington Bloomless
Wellington Reinette A synonym for Dumelow's Seedling.
Western Beauty
Westfield SeeknoFurther Creamy yellow fruit streaked red with some russeting. Crisp, tender, juicy and aromatic flesh with distinctive flavor. Not recommended for cooking.
Westland Large cooking apple. Lightly colored red over pale undercolor. Originating in Brooks, Alberta, this super-hardy cultivar will fruit in the coldest climate. Fruit large, juicy, good for pies and sauce but a bit tart for eating. Not a keeper. Pendulous branching habit. Early ripening. Heyer 12 X Dr. Bill
Wheeler Golden Russet
Wheelers Russet
Whipple Allred
White Angel Crab
White Astrachan Medium fruit size, skin whitish-green. Fine, tender, very white flesh that is sweet, subacid, perfumed. Good crisp very early apple.
White Bansel
White Buckingham large to very large, slightly flattened, greenish yellow to whitish yellow, tart, ripe September; great for apple butter.
White Crofton
White Doyenne
White Harvest
White Horse
White Jersey
White Joaneting
White Melrose
White Moss
White Pearmain
White Pippin
White Pound
White Smokehouse
White Spanish Reinette A truly historic apple (also known as Reinette Blanche D’Espagne) which seems to have disappeared in Britain, as far as named examples are concerned, by the end of the 19th century. Dating back to the early 1600s in Europe. Apples are oblong to conical with glossy skin of pale green, becoming pale lemon, dotted with pale lenticels and with a warm flush in the sun. The stalk is short, obliquely set and often with a fleshy edge, set in a shallow and narrow cavity, with a small amount of smooth brown rayed russet. The eye is small and closed or half open, in a narrow ribbed basin, with erect or recurved sepals. The core is very open to the point of having ‘open plan’ cells. The flesh is pale cream, crisp, fine and very juicy with an excellent sweet and lemony flavor. It is a very refreshing dessert apple. Historic descriptions of it have also accounted it a very good cooking apple. Trees are free spurring, fruit when young and reliably. Pollination Group 4
White Sweet
White Sweet Large
White Transparent A synonym for Yellow Transparent.
White Vandevere
White Winter Calville
White Winter Pearmain Yellow, A fresh eating apple with very high quality flavor and texture. Stores well. Late ripening
Whitney Crab
Whitney Russet
Whitney Russet King
Whitwick Pippin Found in a private garden in Whitwick, Leicestershire...the remarkable property of this apple is that it hangs on the tree almost indefinitely. If netted against birds the fruit will sometimes keep on the tree in reasonable condition until early March. It's a hard textured, long lasting, very late apple, dual purpose; edible as dessert from about Xmas Day. Similar in character to "Croft Late Seedling" but stronger flavour, higher vitamin C and redder in colour. The finder of this variety, Peter Edwards, wants the apple to be known as "Berkin Beauty", after the person who planted the original pip in the mid-fifties. Unfortunately we don't know the parent apple. It appears to be biennial; heavy crop in the 'on' year, a few apples in the 'off' year. They are green skinned with red stripes when in low light.
Wickson Crab Named for the great California fruit authority, this diminuitive crab hybrid is becoming Etters most critically acclaimed variety. Bred from two obscure crab varieties (Spitzenberg Crab X Newton Crab), Wickson typically measures from one and one half to two inches in diameter. An amazing amount of intense flavor is concentrated in this small package..... an extraordinary balance of sugar, acid, and aroma along with a refreshing trace of astringency. Because of its high sugar content (almost 25 points in the juice), Etter recommended this variety for champagne making. It certainly produces an exceptionally rich sweet cider that will sparkle with effervescence when allowed the chance. The small fruit crushes easily in the grinder and gives a very high juice yield. Wickson, however, is much more than a cider apple. Its powerful flavor makes it an extraordinary Sweetmeat confection for adults and sophisticated kids. Striped and flushed red over a cream ground, Wickson ripens here in mid Oc
Wien Crab
Wilders Large Green Yellow
Wild Green
Wild West
William Crump An intensely flavoured English apple, related to Cox and Worcester Pearmain.
Williams Early Red
Williams Favorite The variety originated in Massachusetts in about 1750, but became known as an excellent apple when grown in the South. This prized, early season apple is absolutely beautiful. Conical in shape and medium to large in size, its bright red apples catch the eye of friends and neighbors each July. The tree is disease resistant and the apples are of outstanding quality. The apples are excellent for cooking and eating. The flesh is moderately firm, mostly white, juicy, and mildly subacid. Ripens in early to middle July.
William's Pride Great flavor and disease resistance! This large red striped apple. Apples are 70-80% red with excellent dessert quality with crisp, juicy, sweet-tart and slightly spicy flavor. Keeps well. This semi-spur tree is resistant to apple scab, cedar-apple rust, fire blight and powdery mildew. Ripens early August.
Willie Sharp
Willis Williams
Willow Twig
Wilson Red June
WineCrisp WineCrisp, formerly known as Coop31, is a modern disease-resistant variety developed by the Universities of Prudue, Rutgers and Illinois.
Winesap Often known as Virginia Winesap, a tart small apple, and like many US heirloom varieties, keeps well in store.
Winesap Derman
Winesap Double Red
Winesap Kentucky
Winesap Moores
Winesap Red
Winesap Spur
Winesap Turley
Winesap Virginia
Winston A Cox-style apple, easy to grow.
Winter Banana A very attractive apple that when well grown can have a very faint aroma of fresh bananas. Winter Banana originated around 1876 in Cass Co., Indiana and was introduced as a commercial seller in 1890. Fruit is large and conical in shape. The smooth, tough skin is bright yellow with a pinkish red blush on the sun-exposed side. The whitish flesh is crisp tender, fine-grained and juicy. Ripens September to October.
Winter Blush
Winter Bonum
Winter Cheese
Winter Gem A late-season modern English apple with a good aromatic flavour.
Winter Gold
Winter Green medium to large, round to slightly flattened, white, tart, ripe October. A beautiful apple found in a very old orchard in Yancey Co., NC.
Winter Jon An excellent cooking variety also superb for cider making. Fruit size is small to medium, conical in shape with greenish-yellow skin with an occasional red blush. The whitish flesh is crisp, firm, juicy, aromatic and quite tart. Ripens late November to December and is an excellent keeper.
Winter Keeper
Winter King Great texture and flavor, excellent keeping qualaties, you must thin them in May or you will get vast amounts of tiny fruit. Similar to Granny Smith, but with more flavor.
Winter Majetin
Winter May
Winter Neverfail
Winter Orange
Winter Pearapple
Winter Pearmain
Winter Queen
Winter Queening
Winter Red Flesh Sasha X Redflesh, red, Small, red-fleshed fruit excellent for sauce and jelly. Abundant purple flowers and dark-colored leaves. Late ripening
Winter Spice
Winterstein Attractive, pink/red late apple that has a crisp, flavorful subacid taste.
Winter St Lawrence
Winter Sweet This attractive late fall apple comes from the collection of the late Henry Morton of Gatlinburg, Tennessee. Fruit is medium to large, roundish to mostly oblate in shape. The thin, smooth, yellow skin is almost entirely covered with dark red shading with darker red striping. The yellowish-white flesh is very firm, crisp, juicy and very sweet. Ripens in October and is a good keeper.
Winter Sweet Paradise This apple probably originated near Paradise in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania and was first mentioned in 1842. It grows well at altitudes of 1200 to 1500 or higher but does not do well in lower altitudes. Very sweet with a pleasant spicy undertone in flavor. Fruit is medium to large with dull green or yellowish skin, sometimes having a slight brownish or purple blush on the sunny side. The white flesh is tender, juicy and sweet and is sometimes said to have pear-like flavor. Ripens in September and is a good keeper.
Winter Sweet Russet
Winter Terry
Winter Transparent
Winter Wonder A modern English variety, developed as a "traditional" English apple.
Winthrop Greening Ichabod Howe Farm, Winthrop, ME, before 1800. Large flattish-oblate beautiful fruit, light green with a red-orange wash, small greenish dots and splashes and ribs of russeting, usually with a patch of russet radiating from the stem. Very sweet interesting flavor, medium-low acidity, with a crunch.
Wismer's Dessert Medium to large yellow fruit shaded and striped with bright red. Intense, rich flavor, sweet-sharp, pineapple acidity. Excellent flavor and exceedingly fine, tender texture. Beatiful red with yellow flesh and aromatic flavor of such fine grain and buttery flavor that one might easily take it for a pear
Witney Russet King
Witos (Polish Resistant)
Wolf River Named after the place where it was found. Notable for its very large size, primarily used for cooking. The tree is exceptionally cold hardy and disease resistant.
Wolf River Buff
Woodbridge 1
Woodbridge 2
Wood Brock
Wood Pile
Woods Favorite Greasey
Woolbrook Russet A cooking apple, related to Bramley's Seedling.
Worcester Cross
Worcester Pearmain A popular early-season English apple, sometimes with a strawberry flavour. Often used in breeding programmes to develop other early varieties.
Worlds Best Favorite apple in Graham Co., NC for all-round use, large, somewhat flattened, green with red stripes, tart, ripe late September
Wyken Pippin Small, flattened, greenish yellow fruit. Brisk, densely fruity. Delicious flavor.
Wynooche Early
Xanthocarpa Crab
Yadkin Beauty
Yakata Fuji Fruit quality and color identical to standard Fuji.
Yankee Sweet Once a very popular in certain areas of Virginia, it is now a very rare variety. Described as excellent for making apple preserves and marmalade. Fruit is medium-sized and slightly flattened on the ends with light green or yellow skin. The fine-grained yellowish flesh is moderately crisp, juicy and sweet. Ripens August to September.
Yarlington Mill High quality English cider apple. Firm, medium-sized fruit. Sweet to slightly bittersweet.
Yar Mohammodi
Yataka (Early Fuji)
Yates Small sized conic shaped apple. Striped dark red fruit over pale yellow skin. Flesh is yellowish-white and can be slightly red under the skin.
Yellow Arkad
Yellow Autumn Crab
Yellow Bank
Yellow Beauty a dramatically beautiful yellow apple, medium to large, round, slightly tart.
Yellow Bellflower Excellent cooking and cider variety. Good dessert apple later in season as flavor develops with time. 13.61% sugar. Large to medium-sized fruit. Smooth, lemon yellow skin blushed red to red-orange. Juicy and aromatic.
Yellow Buff
Yellow Crab
Yellow Delicious A synonym for Golden Delicious.
Yellow Hardin
Yellow Horse
Yellow Ingestrie An attractive old yellow apple, with quite a strong apple flavour
Yellow Jay
Yellow June
Yellow Lamb Nose
Yellow Mammoth
Yellow Newtown Pippin A synonym for Newtown Pippin.
Yellow Nugget
Yellow Pearmain
Yellow Pippin
Yellow Potts
Yellow Queen
Yellow Red Delicious
Yellow Seek No Further
Yellow Sheepnose
Yellow Sweet
Yellow Transparent Of Russian origin brought into this country in 1870 by the USDA. Resistant to cedar apple rust and scab and can be grown in all areas of the South including the warmer coastal plain. Fruit is medium sized with smooth transparent yellow skin. White-fleshed, tender, fine-grained and juicy. Flavor is quite tart and tangy. Ripens June to July, depending on location. Well-known early summer apple. Not good storer.
Yellow Twig
Yellow Waxen
Yellow Winesap Large, round and slightly conical, light yellow, crisp and juicy, moderately tart, for fresh eating, ripe early October; found on top of a mountain in Smyth Co., VA.
Yian Feng
Yian Guang
York Imperial Good cooking/baking apple and excellent keeper.
York Imperial Red
York Pippin
Yorkshire Greening A very old culinary apple from Yorkshire, also known as Yorkshire Goosesauce.
Young American Crab
Y Sign
Zabergau Reinette German russet-style apple, but sharper than Egremont Russet, tastes of nettles when straight from the tree. Keeps for 3-4 months.
Zalesak 3
Zari An attractive modern commercial apple variety, related to Delcorf and Elstar.
Zaychuck 1
Zekes Longkeeper
Zelenovka Sotchnaya
Zestar Early season apple with a good crisp sweet-tart flavor.
Zlatna Resistenta
Zmnieje Piervoskhodnoie
Zoete Ermgaard
Zoete Erveling
Zoete Kroon
Zoete Van De Bent
Zoete Veeger
Zuccalmaglio's Reinette Flavored with tones of wild strawberry, quince, pineapple, ripe pear and a fine floral touch. Rough sticky skin flushed brown-red with faint red stripes and some russeting. Fine grained flesh.
Zumi Crab